International Trade and Investment
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- Term 1
The objective of this course is to provide: i) an analytical training in the critical use of theories of international trade and finance; and ii) an opportunity for students to develop critical understanding of the current policy debate on international trade and development, foreign direct investment and multinational corporations, international migration and labour market issues, regional integration and globalisation, management of open developing economies with large external shocks, dynamics of currency and financial crises, management of exchange rates and capital accounts, international monetary and financial architecture, and other global economic issues. Throughout the course, emphasis is placed on understanding theories as well as on testing and evaluating these theoretical propositions in the light of empirical evidence and real world issues.
The course in International Economics consists of two modules I & II. The first module (International Economics I) covers issues related to international trade and investment. It includes topics such as pure theories of international trade (classical, neo-classical, new theories of trade); political economy of protection; welfare analysis of trade policies; trade, growth and development; economics of regional integration and multilateral arrangements (GATT and WTO); international migration and labour markets; multinational corporations and foreign direct investments; the characteristics and effects of globalisation, including the globalisation-growth-income inequality – poverty nexus.
The second module (International Economics II (15PECC019) deals with international finance and monetary issues. It covers topics such as foreign aid, economic development and the gap model; theories of international capital flows; growth-cum-debt model and debt sustainability; foreign exchange markets and exchange rate policies; macroeconomic models with capital flows; currency crisis models; theory of optimal currency area and monetary union; management of capital flows; dynamics of global financial crisis, issues of international governance and cooperation in managing financial flows.
Though these two modules are interrelated and form an integrated course, each module can be taken separately on its own entity.
Objectives and learning outcomes of the module
On successful completion of the course, students will be able to:
- Identify and analyse different theoretical models of international economics in light of ‘real world’ situations.
- Assess the impact of the economies of regional integration and multilateral arrangements
- Critically evaluate the character and effect of globalisation, including the globalisation-growth-income poverty nexus.
Method of assessmentAssessment weighting: Exam 70% / Coursework 30% (1 essay). All coursework is resubmittable.
While the comprehensive reading list will be provided for each topic covered in the course below and separately for each tutorial seminar week by week, a basic exposition of standard theories can be found in a number of text books popularly used in International Economics courses such as (technical tutorial classes are organized to help students to acquire these analytical skills in detail):
- International Trade: Theory and Evidence by Markusen James R. et al (1995), McGrow-Hill Inc.— covers aspects of international trade only - M&MKM
- Foundations of International Macroeconomics by Obstfeld Murice and Kenneth Rogoff (1998), MIT Press - covers aspects of international finance and open macroeconomics only - O&R
In addition, you may find it useful to consult the following reference books for specific topics:
- Jones Ronald W. and Peter B. Kenen eds (1984), Handbook of International Economics, North-Holland, 2 volumes
- Grossman Gene and Kenneth Rogoff eds (1995), Handbook of International Economics, Volume 3, North-Holland
- Handbook of Development Economics I, II and III, North-Holland
- Greenaway David and Alan Winters eds (1994), Surveys in International Trade, Basil Blackwell, Oxford
- UNCTAD: Trade and Development Report: Recent Issues
- UNCTAD: World Investment Report
- UNCTAD: The Least Development Countries Report
- World Bank: Global Financial Development
- IMF: World Economic Outlook
Those who have not previously followed an undergraduate course in International Economics may find the following introductory textbooks useful.
- World Trade and Payments: An Introduction, Seventh Edition, by Richard E. Caves, Jefferey A. Frankel and Ronald W. Jones, Addison Wesley Longman (1999), a good all round undergraduate textbook - C&FJ
- International Economics: Theory and Policy, Fourth Edition, by Paul R. Krugman and Maurice Obstfeld, Addison Wesley Longman — a popular undergraduate textbook in North America on the subject - K&O;
- The World Economy: A Textbook in International Economics, by John Williamson and Chris Milner: Harvester/Wheatsheaf (1991) — a non-technical textbook focused on development issues - W&M
- Development Macroeconomics by Pierre-Ricard Agenor and Peter J. Montiel, Princeton University Press