Topics in Lexical Semantics (Masters)
- Course Code:
- Unit value:
- Taught in:
- Term 1
Objectives and learning outcomes of the course
At the end of the course, the student should:
- be familiar with basic concepts and issues in the study of Semantics at the lexical, sentential and discourse level
- appreciate the various (lexical, grammatical and logical) relations which structure the semantic domains relevant to natural languages
- be able to apply relevant data, tests and argumentation to the investigation of specific semantic phenomena
- understand how linguistic meaning interacts with other knowledge systems: cognition, general (encyclopaedic) knowledge, contextual and cultural knowledge
- have some familiarity with the resources and research literature in the topic
Total of 10 weeks teaching with a 2 hour lecture and a 1 hour seminar per week.
Scope and syllabus
The course will focus on how lexical semantic meaning components are expressed in the syntax of natural languages. In Part I we will introduce the basic assumptions and goals of different approaches to semantic research. In Part II the formalism and tools of formal semantics will be introduced and in part 3 we will focus on some current issues in the Lexical Semantics/Syntax interface.
Topics covered include
- Lexical and phrasal meanings and the logical and semantic systems they may participate in, including quantificational systems, predication, tense, aspect and modality
- Contextual dimensions of interpretation, including information structure, deixis, pragmatics and discourse domains
- The cognitive/conceptual models on which natural language semantics is based: event- types,plurality and count/mass distinctions, semantic components and lexical-conceptual structures.
Method of assessment
One essay of 3,500 words (50%) due after reading week; one essay of 3,500 words (50%) due in the first week of term 2.
- Saeed, John (2011) Semantics (3rd ed), Oxford: Wiley-BlackwellKearns, Kate (2011) Semantics (2nd ed), Palgrave Macmillan
- Portner, Paul (2005) What is meaning? Fundamentals of formal semantics, Blackwell
- Cann, Ronnie, Ruth Kempson and Eleni Gregoromichelaki (2009) Semantics: An Introduction to Meaning in Language, CUP.
- de Swart, Henriëtte (1998) Introduction to Natural Language Semantics, CSLI
- Hurford, James R, Brendan Heasley and Michael B Smith (2007) Semantics: A coursebook (second edition), Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
- Löbner, Sebastian (2002) Understanding Semantics, Arnold Publishers.
Topic-specific references will be provided as they become relevant to the course.