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Department of the Languages and Cultures of the Near and Middle East

BA Ancient Near Eastern Studies

Programme Code: Q400BA/ANESt Duration: 3 Years


2016 Entry Requirements

  • A Levels: AAB - ABB
  • A Level language preferred
  • IB: 35 (6/6/5)
  • Access to HE: Minimum of 30 Level 3 Credits at Distinction
  • Scottish Highers: AAABB
  • Scottish Advanced Highers: AAB
  • Irish LC: 340 points from 5 Higher level subjects at grade C1 or above
  • Advanced Placement: 4 4 5 (Two semesters - UCAS Group A) plus US HSGD with GPA 3.0
  • Euro Bacc: 80%
  • French Bacc: 14/20
  • German Abitur: 2.0
  • Italy DES: 80/100
  • Austria Mat: 2.0
  • Polish Mat: Overall 75% including 3 extended level subjects

Subjects Preferred: A good pass in a foreign language at A-level, or equivalent, is preferred

Interview Policy: Candidates with 'non-standard' qualifications may be invited for interview

NB: This degree enrols new students only in odd years, i.e. 2011, 2013, 2015 ect.

Once studied for the light it could shed on the world of the Old Testament, the ancient Near East has now emerged from the sidelines as the fountainhead of modern civilisation. It was in the ancient Near East more than 5000 years ago that people first learned to live in cities, invented writing and developed the first high civilisations. 

Though the origins of humanity's spiritual and intellectual adventure were once sought in the Bible and in Greece, the fascinating discoveries of Near Eastern archaeologists over the last 150 years have revealed the crucial roles played in forming our common heritage by the peoples of the Ancient Near East, especially the Sumerians, the Babylonians and the Hittites. 

The three-year degree in Ancient Near Eastern Studies has been formulated to take advantage of the unique opportunities offered by London, the home of the largest group of specialists in the various branches of Ancient Near Eastern Studies in Europe. Not only do many different academic departments of the University of London employ teachers in these fields, but Bloomsbury also houses the British Museum, with its collections of Near Eastern antiquities unrivalled in the world. 

The Ancient Near Eastern Studies degree is taught jointly with University College London (UCL). It provides a multi-disciplinary introduction to the ancient Near East, its languages, history, cultures and archaeology, while also offering final-year students the opportunity of specializing in their field of interest.


Learn a language as part of this programme

Degree programmes at SOAS - including this one - can include language courses in more than forty African and Asian languages. It is SOAS students’ command of an African or Asian language which sets SOAS apart from other universities.

At SOAS in the first year the student begins the study of the major language of the ancient Near East, Akkadian (Babylonian and Assyrian) in the cuneiform script, and takes a module in the literatures of the Near East. Meanwhile, at UCL the student commences the study of the history of ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt (History Department), and takes an introductory unit in Near Eastern archaeology (Institute of Archaeology).

In the second year further Akkadian is taken at SOAS, and it is possible at this stage to begin a second language (normally Hittite), as well. At UCL the student continues the history of the ancient Near East and studies the archaeology of the Near East in the historical periods.

During the third year follow-up units in Akkadian and archaeology or history are taken and a study project written on an ancient Near Eastern subject. To complete the final year a wide range of options will normally be available to permit specialisation in either language or history or archaeology, or a combination of two of these. The student whose primary interest is in language may study Sumerian, Hieroglyphic Egyptian, biblical Hebrew, North-West Semitic epigraphy, Aramaic or Ugaritic, subject to availability. Non-language options include further modules in ancient history, Egyptology and the archaeology of the ancient Near East. 

Single Honours

Year 1
Core Unit

Must be passed to proceed to the following year

Compulsory Unit
UCL Compulsory Unit

■UCL HIST6101: The Near East to 1200BC: The earliest states

UCL Introductory Archaeology Unit

Students must take archaeology modules to the value of one unit. The modules usually taken are: UCL ARCL1009 Introduction to Egyptian and Near Eastern archaeology (0.5 unit) and UCL ARCL1011 Texts in archaeology (0.5 unit)

Year 2

It is possible to begin a second language at this stage(usually Sumerian or Hittite)

Core Unit
UCL Compulsory Unit

■UCL HIST6102: The Near East 1200-336BC: Empires and pastoralists

UCL Archaeology Unit

One unit in archaeology from the list of options under the Teaching & Learning tab

1 Optional Unit

One further unit from the list of options below or from the UCL list of options under the Teaching and Learning tab OR another approved unit.

Year 3
Compulsory Unit
Akkadian Language Unit

Choose one Akkadian language unit from the list of options below

UCL Archaeology or History Unit

Choose one Archaeology or History unit from the list of options under the Teaching & Learning tab.

1 Optional Unit

One further unit from the list of options below or from the UCL list of options under the Teaching and Learning tab OR another approved unit.

Module Options
Language and literature

Language modules are also available at UCL, please see the Teaching & Learning tab for more details.

Extended essay
History and culture

Modules available from UCL, please see the Teaching & Learning tab for more details.


Modules avaliable from UCL, please see the Teaching & Learning tab for more details.

Programme Specification


Teaching & Learning

Teaching & Learning

UCL Course Options

Language and literature
  • UCL ARCL2046: Introduction to Ancient Egyptian language (0.5 unit)
  • UCL ARCL3101: Late Egyptian language and texts (0.5 unit)
  • UCL ARCL3102: Coptic language and culture (0.5 unit)
  • UCL ARCL3100: Old and Middle Egyptian texts (0.5 unit)
  • UCL HEBR1005: Introduction to classical Hebrew
  • UCL HEBR7003: Intermediate classical Hebrew
  • UCL HEBR7601: North West Semitic inscriptions
  • UCL HEBR7603:Introduction to Ugaritic
  • Old Testament texts: (various options, consult UCL for details)
  • Aramaic: (various options, consult UCL for details)
  • Syriac: (various options, consult UCL for details)
History and culture
  • UCL HIST6101: The Near East to 1200BC: The earliest states
  • UCL HIST6102: The Near East 1200-336BC: Empires and pastoralists
  • HIST2108 Understanding the early Mesopotamian world  (1 unit)
  • HIST3109 Temple Life in Assyria and Babylonia (1 unit, third years only)
  • HIST7122B Ancient Anatolia through Material Culture (0.5 unit, term 2)
  • UCL ARCL1009: Introduction to Egyptian and Near Eastern archaeology (0.5 unit)
  • UCL ARCL1011: Texts in archaeology (0.5 unit)
  • UCL ARCL2033: The archaeology of the Middle East from prehistory to 2000 BC (0.5 unit)
  • UCL ARCL2034: The archaeology of the Middle East from 2000 to 300 BC (0.5 unit)
  • UCL ARCL3051: The archaeology of Mesopotamia (0.5 unit)
  • UCL ARCL3072: The archaeology of the Levant (0.5 unit)
  • UCL ARCL3073: Early prehistory of the Near East (0.5 unit)
  • UCL ARCL2012: Archaeology of ancient Egypt

Pre Entry Reading

  • George, Andrew: The Epic of Gilgamesh. London: Penguin Classics, 2000
  • Leick, Gwendolyn: Mesopotamia. The Invention of the City. London: Penguin Books, 2001
  • Roux, Georges: Ancient Iraq. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1992 (3rd edn)
  • Finkel, Irving and Jon Taylor: Cuneiform. London: British Museum Publications, 2015
  • Damrosch, David: The Buried Book: The Loss and Recovery of the Great Epic of Gilgamesh. New York: Holt, 2007
  • Reade, Julian: Mesopotamia. London: British Museum Publications, 1999
  • Foster, B.R. and K Foster: Civilisations of Ancient Iraq. Princeton University Press, 2011


As a student specialising in the Ancient Near Eastern, you will gain competency in language skills and intercultural awareness and understanding. Familiarity with the region will have been developed through a combination of the study of language, literature and culture (which can include literature, film, music, art and religion) of various parts of the Middle East.

Graduates leave SOAS not only with linguistic and cultural expertise, but also with a portfolio of widely transferable skills which employers seek in many professional and management careers in both business and the public sector. These include written and oral communication skills, attention to detail, analytical and problem-solving skills, and the ability to research, amass and order information from a variety of sources.

For more information about Graduate Destinations from this department, please visit the Careers Service website.

A Student's Perspective

What SOAS offers is the lectures with world-class academics, who give you not only a thorough knowledge on the subject, but also stimulate you for individual thinking and make you enjoy the course.

Sergiusz Scheller