Professor Bhavani Shankar
BA (Madras), MA (New York), PhD (Illinois)
BiographyBhavani is an applied economist working on research areas at the intersection of agriculture, food, nutrition and health, in developing as well as developed countries. His current research interests include the analysis of economic drivers of over and under nutrition, food and nutrition policy evaluation and the role of agriculture in enabling better nutrition and health. His ongoing research projects include LANSA (Leveraging Agriculture for Nutrition in South Asia) and POSHE (Palm Oil: Sustainability, Health and Economics). In the past, his research involvements have included analysis of animal disease in the Mekong region, floodplain resource management in Bangladesh and the evaluation of transgenic cotton performance in South Africa and India. He is joint editor of Food Policy, an Elsevier journal, and is currently a member of the Technical Advisory Group of DfID/PATH’s Nutrition Embedding Evaluation Programme (NEEP).
PhD Students supervised
Current externally funded projects:
Leveraging Agriculture for Nutrition in South Asia (LANSA)
LANSA is a DfID-funded research consortium led by the MS Swaminathan Research Foundation (India) and including IFPRI, IDS, LCIRAH/SOAS, BRAC International (Bangladesh), and the Collective for Social Science Research (Pakistan), which is researching agriculture for improved nutrition in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan. http://www.lansasouthasia.org/
Palm Oil: Sustainability, Health and Economics (POSHE)
POSHE is funded by the Wellcome Trust under its ‘Sustaining Health’ initiative, and includes the following partners: SOAS, LSTHM, Chiang Mai University (Thailand), KMUTT (Thailand), Copenhagen University (Denmark) and Stanford University (USA). POSHE is looking at the trade-offs between the economic, health and environmental dimensions of the growth of palm oil as a food ingredient in Thailand
Innovative Methods and Metrics for Agriculture and Nutrition Actions (IMMANA)
The DfID-funded IMMANA project aims to accelerate the development of scientific evidence that will help guide changes in global agriculture to improve nutrition. It is a partnership between LSHTM, SOAS and Tufts University that will offer competitive research grants, research fellowships for early career scientists, and support for a global network of scholars and practitioners.
Shankar, Bhavani and Mazzocchi, M and Traill, WB (2014) 'The Macroeconomic Causes and Effects of Noncommunicable Disease: The Case of Diet and Obesity.' In: Encyclopedia of Health Economics. Elsevier. (Forthcoming)
Gouse, M. and Shankar, Bhavani and Thirtle, C. (2008) 'The Demise of Bt Cotton in KwaZulu Natal.' In: Moseley, W.G. and Gray, L.C., (eds.), Hanging by a Thread: Cotton, Globalization and Poverty in Africa. Ohio University Press.
Srinivasan, C. S. and Shankar, Bhavani and Thirtle, C. (2004) 'An Empirical Analysis of the Effects of Plant Variety Protection on Innovation and Transferability.' In: Katrak, H. and Strange, R., (eds.), The WTO and Developing Countries. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Shankar, Bhavani (2001) 'Cost Functions.' In: Michie, J., (ed.), Reader’s Guide to the Social Sciences. London: Fitzroy Dearborn.
Zanello, Giacomo and Srinivasan, Chittur S. and Shankar, Bhavani (2014) 'Transaction Costs, Information Technologies, and the Choice of Marketplace among Farmers in Northern Ghana.' Journal of Development Studies . pp. 1-14.
Mazzocchi, Mario and Cagnone, Silvia and Bech-Larsen, Tino and Niedźwiedzka, Barbara and Saba, Anna and Shankar, Bhavani and Verbeke, Wim and Traill, W Bruce (2014) 'What is the public appetite for healthy eating policies? Evidence from a cross-European survey.' Health Economics, Policy and Law . pp. 1-26.
Traill, W Bruce and Mazzocchi, Mario and Shankar, Bhavani and Hallam, David (2014) 'Importance of government policies and other influences in transforming global diets.' Nutrition Reviews, 72 (9). pp. 591-604.
Turner, R and Hawkes, C and Jeff, W and Ferguson, E and Haseen, F and Homans, H and Hussein, J and Johnston, D and Marais, D and McNeill, G and Shankar, Bhavani (2013) 'Agriculture for improved nutrition: the current research landscape.' Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 34 (4). pp. 369-77.
Shankar, Bhavani and Brambila-Macias, Jose and Traill, Bruce and Mazzocchi, Mario and Capacci, Sara (2013) 'An Evaluation of the UK Food Standards Agency’s Salt Campaign.' Health Economics, 22 (2). pp. 243-250. (In Press)
Sutherland, J. and Edwards, P. and Shankar, Bhavani and Dangour, A. (2013) 'Fewer adults add salt at the table after initiation of a national salt campaign in the UK: a repeated cross-sectional analysis.' British Journal of Nutrition . pp. 1-7.
Srinivasan, CS and Zanello, G and Shankar, Bhavani (2013) 'Rural-Urban Disparities in Child Nutrition in Bangladesh and Nepal.' BMC Public Health, 13:581 .
Green, R. and Cornelsen, L. and Dangour, A. D. and Turner, R. and Shankar, Bhavani and Mazzocchi, M. and Smith, R. D. (2013) 'The effect of rising food prices on food consumption: systematic review with meta-regression.' British Medical Journal, 346 .
Dangour, A and Hawkesworth, S and Shankar, Bhavani and Watson, Louise and Srinivasan, CS and Morgan, E and Haddad, L and Waage, Jeff (2013) 'Can nutrition be promoted through agriculture-led food price policies? A systematic review.' BMJ Open, 3 (e002937).
Shankar, Bhavani and Hawkes, C. (2013) 'India has a problem with palm oil.' British Medical Journal, 347 . f6065-f6065.
Traill, W. B. and Mazzocchi, M. and Niedźwiedzka, B. and Shankar, Bhavani and Wills, J. (2013) 'The EATWELL project: Recommendations for healthy eating policy interventions across Europe.' Nutrition Bulletin, 38 (3). pp. 352-357.
Bruce Traill, W. and Mazzocchi, Mario and Shankar, Bhavani (2013) 'Can Nutrition Policy Evaluation be Evidence Based? Examples and Dilemmas.' EuroChoices, 12 (3). pp. 17-23.
Shankar, Bhavani and Morzaria, Subhash and Fiorucci, Alain and Hak, Makara (2012) 'Animal Disease and Livestock-Based Livelihoods in Southern Cambodia.' International Development Planning Review, 34 (1). pp. 39-63.
Capacci, Sara and Mazzocchi, Mario and Brambila-Macias, Jose and Shankar, Bhavani and Traill, Bruce and Perez-Cueto, Arnando and Verbeke, Wim and Niedzwiedzka, Barbara and Koziol-Kozakowska, Agnieszka and Kijowska, Viola and Piorecka, Beata and D'Addesa, Dina and Saba, Anna and Turrini, Aida and Aschemann-Witzell, Jessica and Bech-Larsen, Tino and Strand, Mathias and Smillie, Laura and Wills, Josephine (2012) 'Policies to promote healthy eating in Europe: a structured review of policies and their effectiveness.' Nutrition Reviews, 70 (3). pp. 188-200.
Perez-Cueto, Armando and Aschemann-Witzel, Jessica and Shankar, Bhavani and Brambila-Macias, Jose and Bech-Larsen, Tino and Mazzocchi, Mario and Capacci, Sara and Saba, Anna and Turrini, Aida and Niedzwiedzka, Barbara and Kijowska, Viola and Piorecka, Beata and Wills, Josephine and Traill, Bruce and Verbeke, Wim (2012) 'Assessment of evaluations made to healthy eating policies in Europe: a review within the EATWELL Project.' Public Health Nutrition, 15 (8). pp. 1489-1496.
Dangour, Alan and Green, Rosemary and Hasler, Barbara and Rushton, Jonathan and Shankar, Bhavani and Waage, Jeff (2012) 'Linking agriculture and health in low- and middle-income countries: an interdisciplinary research agenda.' Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 71 (2). pp. 222-228.
Brambila-Macias, Jose and Shankar, Bhavani and Traill, Bruce and Mazzocchi, Mario and Capacci, Sara and Perez-Cueto, Armando and Verbeke, Wim (2011) 'Policy interventions to promote healthy eating: What works, what does not and what is promising: A review.' Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 32 (4). pp. 365-375. (In Press)
Shankar, Bhavani and Posri, Wilatsana and Srivong, Teeradech (2011) 'A Case Study involving Supermarkets and Smallholders in Thailand.' Canadian Journal of Development Studies, 31 (1-2). pp. 137-153.
Shankar, Bhavani (2010) 'Obesity in China: The Differential Impacts of Covariates along the BMI Distribution.' Obesity, 18 (8). pp. 1660-1666.
Shankar, Bhavani (2010) 'The Socioeconomic Drivers of Overnutrition in China.' Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 23 (5). pp. 471-479.
Traill, Bruce and Shankar, Bhavani and Brambila-Macias, Jose and Bech-Larsen, Tino and Aschemann-Witzel, Jessica and Strand, Matthias and Mazzochi, Mario and Capacci, Sara and Verbeke, Wim and Perez-Cueto, Armando and D'Addesa, Dina and Saba, Anna and Turrini, Aida and Niedzwiedzka, Barbara and Koziol-Kozakowska, Agnieszka and Kijowska, Viola and Piorecka, Beata and Infantes, Michel and Josephine, Wills and Laura, Smillie and Chalot, Florence and Lyle, Dominic (2010) 'Interventions to Promote Healthy Eating Policies in Europe.' Obesity Reviews, 11 (12). pp. 895-898.
Neeliah, Harris and Shankar, Bhavani (2010) 'Ozone Pollution and Farm Profits in England and Wales.' Applied Economics, 42 (19). pp. 2449-2458.
Rahman, Sanzidur and Shankar, Bhavani (2009) 'Profits, Supply and HYV Adoption in Bangladesh.' Journal of the Asia-Pacific Economy, 14 (1). pp. 73-89.
Telleria, Roberto and Shankar, Bhavani and Bennett, Richard (2009) 'Would a free trade agreement between Bolivia and the United States prove beneficial to Bolivian households?' Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, 5 (1). pp. 133-157.
Boukouvalas, Georgios and Shankar, Bhavani and Traill, Bruce (2009) 'Determinants of Fruit and Vegetable Intake in England: A Re-examination based on Quantile Regression.' Public Health Nutrition, 12 (11). pp. 2183-2191.
Bennett, Richard and Shankar, Bhavani and Srinivasan, CS (2008) 'Editorial: The economics of agricultural biotechnology – an overview.' International Journal of Biotechnology, 10 (2/3). pp. 109-112.
Shankar, Bhavani and Srinivasan, CS and Irz, Xavier (2008) 'WHO Dietary Norms: A Quantitative Evaluation of Potential Consumption Impacts in the US, UK and France.' Review of Agricultural Economics, 30 (1). pp. 151-175.
Crost, Benjamin and Shankar, Bhavani (2008) 'Bt cotton and production risk: panel data evidence.' International Journal of Biotechnology, 10 (2/3). pp. 122-131.
Shankar, Bhavani and Bennett, Richard and Morse, Steven (2008) 'Production risk, pesticide use and GM crop technology in South Africa.' Applied Economics, 40 (9). pp. 2489-2500.
Neeliah, H. and Shankar, Bhavani (2008) 'Is nutritional improvement a cause or a consequence of economic growth? Evidence from Mauritius.' Economics Bulletin, 17 (8). pp. 1-11.
Liu, Yi and Shankar, Bhavani (2007) 'Will rising household incomes solve China's micronutrient deficiency problems?' Economics Bulletin, 15 (10). pp. 1-14.
Posri, Wilatsana and Shankar, Bhavani and Chadbunchachai, Supatra (2007) 'Consumer attitudes towards and willingness to pay for pesticide residue limit compliant 'safe' vegetables in Northeast Thailand.' Journal of International Food and Agribusiness Management, 19 (1). pp. 81-101.
Crost, Benjamin and Shankar, Bhavani and Bennett, Richard and Morse, Steven (2007) 'Bias from Farmer Self-Selection in GM Crop Productivity Estimates: Evidence from Indian Data.' Journal of Agricultural Economics, 58 (1). pp. 24-36.
Shankar, Bhavani and Bennett, Richard and Morse, Steven (2007) 'Output Risk Aspects of Genetically Modified Crop Technology in South Africa.' Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 16 (4). pp. 277-291.
Srinivasan, CS and Irz, Xavier and Shankar, Bhavani (2006) 'An Assessment of the Potential Consumption Impacts of WHO Dietary Norms in OECD Countries.' Food Policy, 31 (1). pp. 53-77.
Shankar, Bhavani and Thirtle, C. (2005) 'Pesticide Productictivity and Transgenic Technology: The South African Smallholder Case.' Journal of Agricultural Economics, 56 (1). pp. 97-116.
Shankar, Bhavani and Neeliah, H. (2005) 'Tropospheric Ozone and Winter Wheat Production in England and Wales.' Journal of Agricultural Economics, 56 (1). pp. 145-152.
Dhamvithee, P. and Shankar, Bhavani and Jangchud, A. and Wutijumnong, P. (2005) 'New Product Development in Thai Agro-Industry: Explaining the Rates of Innovation and Success in Innovation.' International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, 8 (3). pp. 1-20.
Shankar, Bhavani and Barr, J. (2005) 'Early Flood Events and Their Impact on Poor Smallholders in Rice-Based Floodplain Farming Systems in Bangladesh.' Journal of International Farm Management, 3 (1). pp. 1-16.
Gouse, M. and Kirsten, J. and Shankar, Bhavani and Thirtle, C. (2005) 'Bt Cotton in KwaZulu Natal: Technological Triumph but Institutional Failure?' Agbiotechnet, 7 (1). pp. 1-7.
Shankar, Bhavani and Hadley, D. (2005) 'On the Measurement of Subset Input Overuse using Data Envelopment Analysis.' Empirical Economics Letters, 4 (3). pp. 1-8.
Shankar, Bhavani and Halls, A. and Barr, J. (2005) 'The Effects of Surface Water Abstraction for Rice Irrigation on Floodplain Fish Production in Bangladesh.' International Journal of Water, 3 (1). pp. 61-84.
Morse, S. and Bennett, R. and Ismael, Y. and Shankar, Bhavani (2004) 'Reductions in insecticide use from adoption of Bt cotton in South Africa: Impacts on economic performance and toxic load to the environment.' Journal of Agricultural Science, 142 . pp. 1-10.
Shankar, Bhavani and Halls, A. and Barr, J. (2004) 'Rice versus Fish Revisited: On the Integrated Management of Floodplain Resources in Bangladesh.' Natural Resources Forum, 28 (2). pp. 91-101.
Shankar, Bhavani and Barr, J. (2004) 'Exposure of Bangladeshi Rice Farmers to Early Flood Risk.' International Rice Research Notes, 28 (2). pp. 60-61.
Shankar, Bhavani and Piesse, J. and Thirtle, C. (2003) 'Energy Substitutability in Transition Agriculture: Estimates and Implications for Hungary.' Agricultural Economics, 29 (3). pp. 181-193.
Piesse, J. and Hadley, D. and Shankar, Bhavani and Thirtle, C. (2002) 'The Efficiency of Input Use during the Early Transition in Hungary.' Economics of Planning, 35 (2). pp. 183-204.
Holloway, G. and Shankar, Bhavani and Rahman, S. (2002) 'Bayesian Spatial Probit Estimation: A primer and an application to HYV rice adoption.' Agricultural Economics, 27 (3).
Leiva, A. and Shankar, Bhavani (2001) 'Drought Risk in Nicaragua: A Crop, Technology and Region Specific Empirical Evaluation.' Journal of Risk Research, 4 (3). pp. 275-290.
Thirtle, C. G. and Shankar, Bhavani and Chitkara, P. and Chatterjee, S. and Mohanty, M. (2000) 'Size Does Matter: Technical and Scale Efficiency in Indian State Tax Jurisdictions.' Review of Development Economics, 4 (3). pp. 340-352.
Shankar, Bhavani and DeVuyst, E. A. and White, D. C. and Braden, J. B. and Hornbaker, R. H. (2000) 'Nitrate abatement practices, farm profits, and lake water quality: A central Illinois case study.' Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 55 (3). pp. 296-303.
Shankar, Bhavani and Nelson, C. H. (1999) 'Joint Risk Preference - Technology Estimation with a Primal System: Comment.' American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 81 (1). pp. 241-244.
Hadley, D. J. and Shankar, Bhavani and Thirtle, C. G. (1999) 'Was South African Agriculture Overcapitalized in the Apartheid Era?' Agrekon : Agricultural Economics Research, Policy and Practice in Southern Africa, 38 (4). pp. 777-787.