Ms Fion, So Wai Ling
BA (HKU) MA (CUHK)
- Ms Fion, So Wai Ling
- Email address:
- Thesis title:
- Navigating Protectionism: Diederichsen, Jebsen & Company in German Qingdao and the World, 1898 - 1908
Research Interests: Chinese economic history; Sino-German relations from the Eulenburg Expedition to the present; business and economic history; political economy and the economic statecraft, etc.
My thesis examines the effect of Sino-German economic diplomacy upon the emerging protectionist economy in Shandong (China) during the period of high imperialism in the first decade of the twentieth century. During this period, the world economy drifted between laissez-faireism and trade, and China was no exception. Drawing on the example of the German company Diederichsen and Jebsen in Qingdao, I seek to examine how Chinese and German merchants in Shandong were affected by the emergence of a dual economy at the coastal region, how their business interactions within various types of networks evolved, and above all, the ways in which various governments supported and sought to benefit from these interactions.
As a company actively involved in economically setting up the colony of Qingdao and therefore cooperating with both governments, the history of Diederichsen, Jebsen & Company, its business clusters and regional and global networks sheds light on all these tensions, constraints, and competing interests. Their activities in Qingdao helped shape the dynamic of the Shandong economy and its connections to the wider markets. To revisit this intriguing and relatively unexplored role played by Western businesses in the Chinese economy, I will draw on newly-opened company records which provide fresh insight into the regional and global environment the company was acting in.
- 'The Rise of Chinese Consular Service Abroad,' in: J. Ulbert and L. Prijac (eds.), Consuls et services consulaires au XIXe siècle / Consulship in the 19th Century / Die Welt der Konsulate im 19. Jahrhundert, Hamburg: DOBU 2010.