SOAS University of London

Department of Anthropology and Sociology

Livelihoods at the Margins

Various Speakers

Date: 8 July 2004Time: 9:00 AM

Finishes: 9 July 2004Time: 5:00 PM

Venue: Russell Square: College Buildings

Type of Event: Conference

Livelihoods at the Margins is a two-day international conference, bringing together a wide selection of multi-regional ethnographic research carried out with people who derive incomes in ways generally excluded from mainstream economic analyses.

Twenty-one papers explore a range of topics in diverse locations, from children and young people living on the streets of Dhaka, Kampala and Rio de Janeiro, to women's responses to coping with financial insecurity in Kenya, Thailand and India. Several papers present research on informal and semi-illegal trades - from city street vending in Bolivia to poaching in the forests of West Bengal - while others explore migrant labour and marginalised occupations, such as those of traditional healers and of agro-pastoralists in Tanzania. One paper looks specifically at how elderly people in post-Soviet Russia manage their survival. Men and women involved in sex work and at the borders of international tourism - in Europe, in South Asia, and on the shores of Lake Malawi - also provide the focus for a number of papers.

Common themes running through the papers include social exclusion; everyday coping-strategies; the relationship between the local activities described and wider national and international perspectives; and the implications of livelihoods at the margins for NGO action and Government policy. Contributions come from across the social sciences - notably, anthropology, development studies and geography - and will allow delegates to consider how different disciplinary approaches might contribute to our understanding of common subject matter.


Livelihoods at the Margins Abstracts (pdf; 274kb)  


Day 1: Thursday 8 July 2004
Time Event
09.30-09.45 Welcome and Introduction
09.45-11.15 PANEL ONE: Youth on the streets of Dhaka, Kampala and Rio de Janeiro
09.45-10.05 ALESSANDRO CONTICINI (Manchester University) We are the Kings: Children of Dhaka's Streets
10.05-10.25 STAN FRANKLAND (St Andrews) No money, no life: surviving on the streets of Kampala
10.25-10.45 UDI BUTLER (CIESPI - The International Center for Research on Childhood) Rebellion and structural violence in the experiences and trajectories of youngsters living on the streets of Rio de Janeiro.
10.45-11.00 CHRISTINA TOREN, discussant
11.00-11.15 Questions and discussion
11.30-1.00 PANEL TWO: Women on the edge: coping-strategies and resistance
11.30-11.50 ALYSON BRODY (IDS, Sussex) Keeping it clean: an exploration of order and controversion in a Bangkok shopping mall.
11.50-12.10 TANIA KAISER (SOAS, London) Moving up and down looking for money : Making a living in a Ugandan Refugee Camp
12.10-12.30 ATREYEE SEN (SOAS, London) Hindu nationalism and failing development goals: Micro-finance, women and illegal livelihoods in the Bombay slums.
12.30-12.45 CHRISTOPHER DAVIS, discussant
12.45-1.00 Questions and discussion
1.45-3.35 PANEL THREE: From the local to the global: survival networks
1.45-2.05 DAVID HULME, BINAYAK SEN AND SHARIFA BEGUM (Manchester) Unsustainable Livelihoods: Rickshaw pullers in Dhaka, Bangladesh
2.05-2.25 JOHN ROUND (Leicester) Restructuring the everyday in the post-Soviet Russian far north east. The development of survival strategies amongst marginalised senior citizens.
2.25-2.45 UMA KOTHARI AND TIM EDENSOR (Manchester) Global Peddlers and Local Networks
2.45-3.05 MARTIN PROWSE (School of Economic Studies, Manchester) "It is really just like fishing...what you catch depends on the bait you put on the line": The construction of friendships between beachboys and tourists on the shores of Lake Malawi
3.05-3.20 JONATHAN PARRY, discussant
3.20-3.35 Questions and discussion
3.50-5.15 PANEL FOUR: Away from the city: rural and pastoral exclusion
3.50-4.10 ANNU JALAIS (LSE) Ethical dilemmas surrounding poaching in the Sundarbans.
4.10-4.30 DANIEL COPPARD (University of East Anglia) Labour and Drought: A Social History of Agrarian Relations in a Chottanagpur Village of Eastern India
4.30-4.50 TINA COAST (LSE), KATHERINE HOMEWOOD (UCL), MICK THOMPSON AND PIP TRENCH Maasai pastoralists? Livelihoods at the margin.
4.50-5.05 BARBARA HARRISS-WHITE, discussant (paper)
5.05-5.20 Questions and discussion
Day 2: Friday 9 July 2004
Time Event
9.30-11.20 PANEL FIVE: Sex work and beyond
9.30-9.50 LAURA MARIA AGUSTIN (Open University, Milton Keynes) Making Money Fast: Working in the European Sex Industry.
9.50-10.10 SOPHIE DAY (Goldsmiths College, London) and HELEN WARD (Imperial College, London) Temporary or permanent livelihoods at the margins? Sex work in London, 1986-2000.
10.10-10.30 NANDINI GOOPTU (Queen Elizabeth House, Oxford) Cultural Change, Community Mobilisation And Participatory Development: A Case Study Of Sex Workers In Calcutta, West Bengal, India.
10.30-10.50 LORRAINE VAN BLERK (Brunel University) Negotiating boundaries: bar girls and sex work in Nazareth, Ethiopia
10.50-11.05 JOANNA BUSZA, discussant
11.05-11.20 Questions and discussion
11.35-1.25 PANEL SIX: Medics, migrants and labourers
11.35-11.55 REBECCA MARSLAND Marginalising the Centre: Traditional doctors and HIV/AIDS in Tanzania
11.55-12.15 DAVID MOSSE Adivasi seasonal labour migrants in western India
12.15-12.35 HOWARD JONES (IRDD, Reading) Finance for Livelihoods at the Margins: Moneylender Credit in a Rajasthan Village
12.35-12.55 TREVOR MARCHAND Labouring for Faith: migrant Qur'anic students in Djenne's building trade
12.55-1.10 HELEN LAMBERT, discussant
1.10-1.25 Questions and discussion
2.25-3.55 PANEL SEVEN: Working the streets: exploring informal trading in Bolivia, Papua New Guinea and India.
2.25-2.45 SIAN LAZAR (Cambridge) Collective organisation, ethnicity and political agency among Bolivian street traders
2.45-3.05 ELIZABETH KOPEL (Manchester) Informal sector economic activities: From survival to entrepreneurial in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea
3.05-3.25 PARVIZ DABIR-ALAI (Richmond) Measuring vulnerability: A case study of Delhi's street vending communities.
3.25-3.40 JOHN GLEDHILL, discussant
3.40-3.55 Questions and discussion