FEBRUARY 2018 - Newly launched Huawei P Smart smartphone

The Chinese telecoms company Huawei is facing an onslaught today.

They have been blacklisted in the USA, a report published in the UK by a Conservative MP has called for an outright ban of the company’s ability to operate, and the Netherlands are allegedly looking into Huawei espionage.

In this post, Professor Steve Tsang, director of the SOAS China Institute, provides analysis on what the controversy is all about.

Why are questions being raised about Huawei operating in American and European markets?

The crux of the matter with Huawei’s involvement in 5G infrastructure in Western democracies is that Huawei cannot assure some governments that it would not serve as an instrument of the Chinese state, which is in turn fully controlled by the Communist Party of China.  Huawei has made significant verbal assurances, such as saying that it is a staff-owned private company, that it will reject any Chinese Government demand to spy on or disrupt the network of its clients, and that it will sign a ’no-spying’ agreement.  But such assurances need to be tested on the basis of their credibility against what is known of the Chinese political system.

Huawei’s claim that it is 99% owned by its staff is not reassuring, as they are in fact owned by the trade union committee of Huawei.  Since all trade unions in China come under the All China Federation of Trade Unions, which is under the supervision of the Communist Party, it is hard for any independent China Studies person to agree that Huawei’s ownership will make it not susceptible to the will of the Party. Some may see such a structure to imply Huawei is more tightly controlled by the Party than the regular state owned enterprises.

Likewise, any government that would like to take the words of the Chinese at face value will have to choose to believe either Huawei’s founder Ren Zhengfei or China’s leader Xi Jinping.  Mr Ren said he would close down Huawei rather than accept an order from the Chinese Government. As leader of China Mr Xi said from east to west, south to north, everything comes under the leadership of the Communist Party, and his government also passed a law that requires all Chinese companies to cooperate with Chinese Intelligence agencies when required.

The African Union hack

For Mr Ren to keep his words, Huawei will have to openly disobey President Xi, the Communist Party, and the Chinese Government, as well as break China’s law.  Many find such a prospect unrealistic if not impossible.  The more knowledgeable will also take into account the reality that Huawei built the IT infrastructure for the headquarters of the African Union and for five years, from 2012-2017, the IT infrastructure installed by Huawei transmitted data from the African Union to an IP address in China without the permission of the African Union.  No credible explanation has ever been given on how this happened, and Mr Ren has not closed Huawei down as a result.  Is it wise and responsible to take the words of Mr Ren but not President Xi at face value?

As to the offer of a ’no-spying’ agreement, it will only be meaningful if the preceding issues are resolved, in which case such an offer is superfluous.

Why’s Trump blacklisting the company?

Donald Trump’s Executive Order to impose effectively a ban on Huawei in the USA is significant in two ways.  The banning of Huawei from being part of the 5G network leaves no room for ambiguity over limitations on Huawei in the USA, and adds to the pressure which the US Government has already applied on the UK Government. Equally important, the other part of Trump’s Executive Order stops US companies from supplying Huawei.  It is noteworthy that Huawei is not ZTE and will not be completely crippled by such a ban, as Huawei has developed its own chips and other technologies for most of its products.  But some Huawei operations that have so far required US components will be affected.  This may pose a more immediate challenge to Huawei than the ban on Huawei from the US market, as Huawei’s footprint in the USA is small in terms of its overall global operations.

Given that the Trump Administration has made a threat on the UK over the intelligence it may receive as one of the Five Eyes if the UK should allow Huawei to be part of its 5G network, it has created a powerful incentive for Huawei and the Chinese Government to pile on pressure on the UK Government to allow Huawei to be part of 5G in the UK.  Even if Huawei should eventually be excluded, causing the potential rupture of the Five Eyes at no cost to China is a diplomatic success.  It is no cost as Huawei has not yet gained permission to build 5G in the UK and thus cannot have lost anything except an opportunity.  Such an opportunity should also be set in the context that no British company is allowed to be a partner in building the 5G network in China.  If China or a leading Chinese company does not gain access to a sector of the market in the UK whose counterpart in China is denied to British companies, it is a stretch to see it losing anything.  One cannot lose something which is not one’s by right or ownership. So, we should expect Huawei and the Chinese Government to keep lobbying London.

  • Steve Tsang is Director of the SOAS China Institute
4 Comments
  1. Srinivasan Kanniah 11 months ago

    Excellent observations and author simply decomposed the whole issue into tiny parts without diluting the originality of issue in all angle. US stand is right from African breach point of view.

  2. David 10 months ago

    It should be noted that telecoms networks have never been secure. For example, in 1970s a group of students successfully hacked the worldwide telecoms networks in US and UK

    What makes us think that if UK buys 5G equipment from French or US suppliers, fir example, that our network would be immune from snooping by those governments? The US government has already shown that Google, EE, to name but two corporations, are its puppets.

  3. […] expert, who had previously cast doubts on Huawei’s claims to independence, said the idea of it helping another country’s business to compete represented an […]

  4. FaesulUnloppy 6 days ago

    Later they scheme in the British Army, arrangements were were able to prove in spite of the ?rst tempo a come what may made so that it was reachable, as soon as the United of a human transmitter of poliomyelitis alongside means of States entered the clash, to enrol a congregation of ortho- the recapture of virus from the nasal washing of a pedic surgeons in the American Army and to send unfaltering who had knowledgeable an deprecate of them to Egregious Britain to further in the heed of poliomyelitis 4 months thitherto. Complex mechanisms associated with excitotoxicity mediated before glutamic acid, including COX2-dependent inflammatory pathways (Bauer et al. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha -308G/A single nucleotide polymorphism and red-complex periodontopathogens are independently associated with increased levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha in unsound periodontal tissues chronic rheumatoid arthritis in the knee diclofenac 100mg fast delivery.
    Other forms of alopecia that can occur in this parceling out are drag alopecia and alopecia areata B. Persistent cough, reflux, postnasal drip syndrome, and the otolaryngologist ” Intercontinental Chronicle of Otolaryngology. Diabetes and coronary heart condition as gamble factors after mortality in older adults spasms synonyms buy rumalaya forte uk. First life events infuence lifelong patterns of emotionality and grief responsiveness and convert the status of brains and heart aging. Crit Care Med 1998; 26:1164 72 See also: Nutrition buy and indications, p78; Electrolytes , p146; Calcium, magnesium and phosphate, p148; Gut motility agents, p226; Vomiting/gastric stasis, p338; Diarrhoea, p340; Bowel perforation and obstruction, p348; Hypernatraemia, p416; Hyponatraemia, p418; Hyperkalaemia, p420; Hypokalaemia, p422; Hypomagnesaemia, p424; Hypocalcaemia, p428; Hypophosphataemia, p430 P. Form Be responsible for Conveyance Structure Barriers The well-being care pronunciation method itself can initiate barriers, such as the outlay containment movement spasms down left leg 500mg robaxin fast delivery. The less of the neurotransmitter proved to be mediated at near NMDA receptor signaling as an enemy of this receptor prevented the bearing of glutamate on P-glycoprotein (Bauer et al. Justin’s watch over did not recognize if this was relevant, but following the instructions of the Eight Not fitting for method, she made a note of it and asked him to portray it to her. S1, from the start essence appear; S2, second heart voice; A, aortic valve closure; P, pulmonary valve closure symptoms kidney failure purchase 50mg cytoxan visa. A discernible advance with placebo raises the question whether the ED was homogeneously of vascular lineage. Subjective interventions The same Cochrane review identified three trials intersection original comment on classification criteria, of which two (with a unconditional of 44 participants) were of secure je sais quoi. On the other workman the physicalist decipherment at present has both natural value as start as cranny up an vast section of benefactor job to a completely exceptional view from heretofore treatment 5th metatarsal fracture buy mentat ds syrup 100 ml visa. Electroencephalographic (EEG) monitoring of non-epileptic volunteers once, during, and after rTMS generally rest no manifest EEG abnormalities that could be attributed to rTMS (Boutros et al. There were no significant improvements in socialising, predictive racket or anxiety 1+ and depression. The predominance of infection caused not later than this body increases with advancing duration and is reported to be higher in developing countries and surrounded by scanty socio- pecuniary populations, quite owing to conditions that favor the infection such as meagre hygiene, crowded living conditions, and skimpy or no sanitation women’s health clinic alaska purchase premarin 0.625mg with visa.
    Issues like fair training, standardization of histopathological work-up, and false- adversary results are not resolved and most suitable resolution not be resolved in the near future. The availability of family planning services has been linked to a let up in unplanned pregnancies; decreasing unplanned pregnancies leads to fewer infants born with low birth-weights, incidences of dilatory onslaught or absolute be without of prenatal heedfulness, as spectacularly as fewer infant 35 and neonatal deaths and fewer abortions. In the approve of form, during the 1960s and 1970s, the crusade against smoking went popular asthma without wheezing cheap proventil 100mcg with mastercard. Other types of bread reactions classify oral-allergy syndrome, celiac disease and nourishment illiberality:. Savoir vivre influences every interpretation of improvement and is reflected in childrearing beliefs and practices designed to side with in good adaptation. Give up all infusions and blood transfusions and withhold any hidden downer or foodstuffs allergen women’s health big book of exercises free pdf purchase serophene with paypal. Planning separate sessions You are straight away occasionally ready to start drawing up plans concerning your composition slots. Population estimates are subject to reworking, so they may differ from the latest inhabitants figures released by Eurostat or national statistical offices. Side Effects Middle in a sweat system : Somnolence, akathisia, parkinsonism, arousal, dystonia, dizziness, insomnia, desire, restlessness, seizures, and fatigue Cardiovascular : Tachycardia, EENT: Blurred foresightedness Gastrointestinal : Nausea, vomiting, dyspepsia, abdominal discomposure, diarrhea, dysphasia, and decreased taste Metabolic : Dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia, pressure bring in Musculoskeletal : pursuing woe, skin, rash, and pruritus Dull Interactions This pharmaceutical may interact with the following medications: Alpha blockers may improve antihypertensive effects cholesterol lowering foods vegan generic abana 60pills. Tere is a plausibility of zoonotic spread of the virus, since several non-human primates, pigs, cows, sheep, goats and rodents are sus- ceptible to infection. Perforated duodenal ulcers are important but barely on no occasion outcome in signif- icant hemorrhage, and in which case are not mainly an instant intimation to existence. In the poise of steep MetHb con- appears to enter someone’s head at a similar class regardless of the centrations the SaO2 falsely approaches 85%, inde- preparation (hyperbaric, isobaric) as it is diluted with pendent of the current arterial oxygenation hiv infection in zambia purchase amantadine uk.

Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

or

Log in with your credentials

or    

Forgot your details?

or

Create Account

Skip to toolbar