SOAS University of London

Centre of African Studies

Tanzania's 2012 Census: Tracking Population Growth, Internal Migration and Urbanisation

Hugh Wenban-Smith

Date: 16 June 2014Time: 5:15 PM

Finishes: 16 June 2014Time: 7:00 PM

Venue: Russell Square: College Buildings Room: Khalili Lecture Theatre

Type of Event: Seminar

The Tanzanian population is now 48 million. Over 4 million live in Dar es Salaam. The growth has slowed slightly to below 3% per annum – which means that the population is doubling about every 25 years.  If the trends continue the population will reach 100 million around 2040, over half of whom will live in urban areas.  

Hugh Wenban-Smith has been researching population growth and related trends in Tanzania, using the censuses of 1967, 1978, 1988, 2002 and now 2012, and will present his findings. Despite rapid urbanisation, the rural population has increased threefold, adding to the pressure on land and other resources. Moreover, urbanisation has not been as powerful an engine of growth as in other parts of the world. These features point to the challenges posed if population continues to grow at nearly 3% p.a. Both policy-making and research need to give more attention to these issues.

Deborah Potts of Kings College London, a specialist on urbanization and migration in Africa, will comment on Hugh’s findings, putting them into a wider African context. There will then be time for audience questions and discussion of the issues.

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Organiser: The Centre of African Studies, University of London & Britain Tanzania Society

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