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Treaties, Instruments and Cases



The information below is provided for your reference.

1969 UN (1969) The 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. Vienna 23 May 1969. United Nations.
1972 UNEP (1972) Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, Stockholm 1972. United Nations Environment Programme.
WHC (1972) Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage. World Heritage Convention (WHC) (UNESCO).
1979 UNECE (1979) The Geneva Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe.
1981 OAU (1981) African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights ('Banjul Charter'), 27 June 1981, CAB/LEG/67/3 rev. 5, 21 I.L.M. 58 (1982).
1982 UN (1982b) World Charter for Nature. General Assembly, 48th Plenary Meeting 28 October 1982, United Nations, New York.
1985 UNEP (1985) Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer. United Nations Environment Programme.
1987 UNCHR (1987) The Limburg Principles on the Implementation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. UN doc. E/CN.4/1987/17, Annex; and Human Rights Quarterly 9 122-135.
UNEP (1987) Goals and Principles of Environmental Impact Assessment. Preliminary Note, Issued on 16 January 1987, Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA). United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP).
UNEP (1987) A Protocol to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer. Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. United Nations Environment Programme.
1989 UNEP (1989b) Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal (Basel Convention). United Nations Environment Programme.
1990 UNEP (1990) The London Amendment to the Montreal Protocol agreed by the Second Meeting of the Parties. United Nations Environment Programme.
1991 AU (1991) Bamako Convention on the Ban on the Import into Africa and the Control of Transboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within Africa. Organisation of African Unity (African Union).
UNECE (1991) Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context (Espoo Convention). (Done at Espoo (Finland), on 25 February 1991), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).
1992 UNEP (1992) Rio Declaration on Environment and Development of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED). United Nations Environment Programme.
UNFCCC (1992) The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
1994 UNCCD (1994) Elaboration of an International Convention to Combat Desertification in Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa. United Nations, New York.
1996 WTO (1996a) Environment: Disputes 7. United States - Standards for Reformulated and Conventional Gasoline. Venezuela, Brazil versus US: Gasoline. 20 May 1996.
1997 UNFCCC (1997) Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
1998 UNECE (1998) Aarhus Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-Making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters. (Done at Aarhus, Denmark, on 25 June 1998).
1998/ 2008 UNEP (1998) Rotterdam Convention on Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade. UNEP and FAO.
2001 UN (2001) International Law Commission's Report. Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts.
2002 WSSD (2002) Johannesburg Principles on the Role of Law and Sustainable Development Adopted at the Global Judges Symposium held in Johannesburg, South Africa, on 18-20 August 2002. World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD).
2003

EC (2003) Directive 2003/4/EC of 28 January 2003 on Public Access to Environmental Information and Repealing Council Directive 90/313/EEC.

Official Journal L41 14 February 2003 26-32.

2003 UNECE (2003) Protocol on Strategic Environmental Assessment to the Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context (Kiev Protocol). (Adopted by an Extraordinary meeting of the Parties to the Espoo Convention, held on 21 May 2003 during the Ministerial 'Environment for Europe' Conference (Kyiv).)
2004 ILA (2004) Berlin Rules on Water Resources. Berlin 21 August 2004.