Unit 1 | Unit 2 | Unit 3 | Unit 4 | Unit 5 | Unit 6 | Unit 7 | Unit 8 | Unit 9 | Unit 10                
1.0 What is development?
2.0 Livelihoods
3.0 Livelihoods and development
4.0 Institutions and co-ordination
1.1 Goals and processes
1.2 Economic growth and development
1.3 Sustainable development



Section 1 Self Assessment Questions
2.1 The livelihoods approach
2.2 The livelihoods framework
2.3 Gender and the household



Section 2 Self Assessment Questions
3.1 Assets for development
3.2 Linking livelihoods
3.3 A development model



Section 3 Self Assessment Questions
4.1 Co-ordination
4.2 Institutions




Section 4 Self Assessment Questions
- Key Readings
- Further Readings
- References
- Multimedia
- Study Skills
- Summary
- Unit Self-Assessment
- Key Terms and Concepts
1.0 What is economics?
2.0 Schools of economics
3.0 Supply and demand
4.0 Rationality and behavioural economics


- Key Readings
- Further Readings
- References
- Multimedia
- Study Skills
- Summary
- Unit Self-Assessment
- Key Terms and Concepts
1.1 Key concerns
1.2 Methods
1.3 Supply and demand



Section 1 Self Assessment Questions
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Classical economics
2.3 Neoclassical economics
2.4 Institutional economics
2.5 Other branches of economics

Section 2 Self Assessment Questions
3.1 Demand
3.2 Supply
3.3 Combining supply and demand



Section 3 Self Assessment Questions
4.1 Behavioural assumptions
4.2 Rationality
4.3 Behavioural economics



Section 3 Self Assessment Questions
1.0 The input-output relationship
2.0 The input-input relationship
3.0 The output-output relationship
4.0 Efficiency and technological change

- Key Readings
- Further Readings
- References
- Multimedia
- Study Skills
- Summary
- Unit Self-Assessment
- Key Terms and Concepts
1.1 Technical relationships
1.2 Economic optimum
1.3 Input demand and prices
1.4 Analysing costs


Section 1 Self Assessment Questions
2.1 Methods of production
2.2 Technical relationships
2.3 Economic optimum
2.4 Effect of price changes


Section 2 Self Assessment Questions
3.1 Technical relationships
3.2 Economic optimum




Section 3 Self Assessment Questions
4.1 Efficiency
4.2 Technological change




Section 4 Self Assessment Questions
1.0 Profit, revenues, and costs
2.0 Costs and supply
3.0 Factors of production
4.0 Factor markets
- Key Readings
- Further Readings
- References
- Multimedia
- Study Skills
- Summary
- Unit Self-Assessment
- Key Terms and Concepts
1.1 Profits
1.2 Defining costs
1.3 Time frame



Section 1 Self Assessment Questions
2.1 Constructing marginal and average cost curves
2.2 Short run
2.3 Long run



Section 2 Self Assessment Questions
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Introduction
3.3 Capital
3.4 Labour


Section 3 Self Assessment Questions
4.1 Factor demand curves
4.2 Price elasticity of factor demand
4.3 Factor supply
4.4 Economic rent and transfer earnings


Section 4 Self Assessment Questions
1.0 Perfect competition and monopoly
2.0 Market structures in practice
3.0 Welfare economics
4.0 Market failure and the role of government
- Key Readings
- Further Readings
- References
- Multimedia
- Study Skills
- Summary
- Unit Self-Assessment
- Key Terms and Concepts
1.1 Perfect competition
1.2 Perfect competition and social welfare
1.3 Monopoly


Section 1 Self Assessment Questions
2.1 Monopolistic competition
2.2 Oligopoly
2.3 Vertical relationships and the supply chain



Section 2 Self Assessment Questions
3.1 What is welfare economics?
3.2 Pareto Optimality
3.3 Compensation principle



Section 3 Self Assessment Questions
4.1 Causes of market failure
4.2 Government intervention




Section 4 Self Assessment Questions
1.0 The macroeconomy
2.0 Inflation and emplyment
3.0 Fiscal and monetary policy
4.0 Trade
- Key Readings
- Further Readings
- References
- Multimedia
- Study Skills
- Summary
- Unit Self-Assessment
- Key Terms and Concepts
1.1 What is macroeconomics?
1.2 GDP and the circular flow of income
1.3 GDP growth



Section 1 Self Assessment Questions
2.1 The problem of unemployment
2.2 The causes of inflation
2.3 Wy is inflation harmful?
2.4 Deflation


Section 2 Self Assessment Questions
3.1 Fiscal policy
3.2 Money and banks
3.3 Monetary policy



Section 3 Self Assessment Questions
4.1 Balance of payments
4.2 Exchange rate
4.3 Trade theory
4.4 Trade policy


Section 4 Self Assessment Questions
1.0 What is NIE?
2.0 The institutional environment
3.0 Institutional arrangements
- Key Readings
- Further Readings
- References
- Multimedia
- Study Skills
- Summary
- Unit Self-Assessment
- Key Terms and Concepts
1.1 Models and assumptions
1.2 What are institutions?
1.3 Imperfect information in exchange
1.4 Transaction costs


Section 1 Self Assessment Questions
2.1 The HDI and the CPM
2.2 The MDGs
2.3 The MDGs



Section 2 Self Assessment Questions
3.1 Categories
3.2 Determinants
3.3 Policy implications



Section 3 Self Assessment Questions
1.0 Economic co-ordination
2.0 Rural co-ordination challenges
3.0 Policy implications
- Key Readings
- Further Readings
- References
- Multimedia
- Study Skills
- Summary
- Unit Self-Assessment
- Key Terms and Concepts
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Forms of co-ordination
1.3 Co-ordination for development
1.4 The challenges of market co-ordination

Section 1 Self Assessment Questions
2.1 Rural conditions
2.2 Supply chain co-ordination




Section 2 Self Assessment Questions
3.1 Introduction
3.2 State-led development
3.3 Market liberalisation
3.4 Post-liberalisation
3.5 Politics and culture

Section 3 Self Assessment Questions
1.0 Conceptualising property rights
2.0 Problems in natural resource management
3.0 Privatisation and the state
4.0 Collective action
- Key Readings
- Further Readings
- References
- Multimedia
- Study Skills
- Summary
- Unit Self-Assessment
- Key Terms and Concepts
1.1 Property rights and natural resources
1.2 Defining property rights




Section 1 Self Assessment Questions
2.1 Different approaches
2.2 Excludability and subtractability
2.3 The open access problem
2.4 Equity in natural resource management


Section 2 Self Assessment Questions
3.1 State ownership and control
3.2 The private property rights model
3.3 Establishing formal property rights
3.4 Property rights frontiers


Section 3 Self Assessment Questions
4.1 What is collective action?
4.2 Conditions for successful collecive action
4.3 Technology and property rights



Section 4 Self Assessment Questions
1.0 Economic growth
2.0 Economic institutions
3.0 Politics
4.0 Livelihoods
- Key Readings
- Further Readings
- References
- Multimedia
- Study Skills
- Summary
- Unit Self-Assessment
- Key Terms and Concepts
1.1 Has sustainable development failed?
1.2 Eco-capitalism and eco-socialism
1.3 Distinct discourses
1.4 Distinct discourses


Section 1 Self Assessment Questions
2.1 Different approaches
2.2 Excludability and subtractability




Section 2 Self Assessment Questions
3.1 State ownership and control
3.2 The private property rights model
3.3 Establishing formal property rights
3.4 Property rights frontiers


Section 3 Self Assessment Questions
4.1 What is collective action?
4.2 Conditions for successful collecive action




Section 4 Self Assessment Questions