This unit introduces the concept of development. It describes a number of different frameworks that can be used to examine the goals of development and the processes of achieving them. It looks at development outcomes from the national perspective before moving on to examine them from the perspective of individuals and their livelihoods. The livelihoods framework is introduced as a means of identifying some of the forces and influences that determine whether livelihoods progress or stagnate. The unit then focuses attention on the relationship between livelihoods and wider economic development before concluding the unit by examining the roles of institutions and co-ordination in development.
- To introduce the concept of development, and how the goals and processes of development are perceived at a national level.
- To introduce the livelihoods approach to understanding poverty and development.
- To explore the linkages between livelihoods and wider development processes.
- To introduce briefly the concepts of co-ordination and institutions.
Unit Learning Outcomes
By the end of this unit, students should be able to:
- list and critically evaluate the mostly commonly recognised goals of 'development'
- describe the livelihoods framework and its main components and critically review the use of the household as a basic unit of analysis
- outline the relationship between livelihood transformations and development in the wider economy
- explain the connection between institutions and economic co-ordination
This unit introduces you to many topics that will be covered in more detail later in the module. For example, institutions and co-ordination and their importance in development (see Section 4) will be examined more fully in Units 7-9.