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Section 1 Self Assessment Questions

1

Fill in the missing word or phrase.

People are more likely to agree upon development .

People are more likely to agree upon development goals.

People, who are in broad agreement about goals, such reducing the number of people in poverty, protecting the environment etc, are often in disagreement about the processes by which goals should be, achieved.
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2

Fill in the missing word or phrase.

The Brundtland Report highlighted equity as a fundamental principle in sustainable development.

The Brundtland Report highlighted inter-generational equity as a fundamental principle in sustainable development.

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3

Which of the following is clearly not true?

a)
b)
c)
d)
CorrectIncorrect: The answer is c). the HDI includes GNP per capita as well as health and education indicatorsYour answer has been saved.
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4

The widespread use of GDP as a measure of development reflects the fact that income growth has long been viewed by the dominant development paradigm as one of the most important indicators of human progress.

a)
b)
Correct: however, there is recognition that other human development measures are also importantIncorrectYour answer has been saved.
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5

Per capita GDP growth does not necessarily make all the poor richer.

a)
b)
Correct: GDP per capita is an average value that does not tell us how incomes are distributed. Poor people often do get richer as GDP grows, but not necessarily soIncorrect: GDP per capita is an average value that does not tell us how incomes are distributed. Poor people often do get richer as GDP grows, but not necessarily soYour answer has been saved.
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    6

    High levels of GDP growth are indicative of a more sustainable economy than low growth levels.

    a)
    b)
    Correct: GDP growth levels tell us nothing about sustainability. Indeed, many would argue that high levels of growth are inherently unsustainable. What constitutes a sustainable level of growth is very debatableIncorrect: GDP growth levels tell us nothing about sustainability. Indeed, many would argue that high levels of growth are inherently unsustainable. What constitutes a sustainable level of growth is very debatableYour answer has been saved.
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    7

    Moving to a low carbon economy is primarily a technological question.

    a)
    b)
    Correct: it is also a political issue involving difficult questions about what institutions and incentives are needed to get there.Incorrect: it is also a political issue involving difficult questions about what institutions and incentives are needed to get there.Your answer has been saved.
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    8

    The great recession of the late 2000s and early 2010s has demonstrated that markets have no role to play in future development models.

    a)
    b)
    Correct: it may have highlighted the weakness of markets, but the consensus remains that markets still have a central role to play.Incorrect: it may have highlighted the weakness of markets, but the consensus remains that markets still have a central role to play.Your answer has been saved.
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