SOAS University of London

Centre for International Studies and Diplomacy

Presidential Peacemaking in the Twentieth Century

This research project investigates the role that American presidents played in peacemaking in the Twentieth Century (2010-2013). The United States was materially involved in three global conflicts in the twentieth century: The First and Second World Wars, and the Cold War. While a multitude of contextual factors were at play when each reached a dénouement, in each case an American President was crucial in the peace that emerged. This project investigates what draws Presidents to act as "peacemakers”; what opportunities it presents to further their own and US interests, with a view to establishing principles of Presidential Peacemaking.

Dr J Simon Rofe, in support of this project, has been awarded a Leverhulme Overseas Fellowship (£21967) for this research project. The fellowship was based at the Scowcroft Institute of Bush School of Government and Public Policy, at Texas A&M College Station co-located with The George Bush Presidential Library, during the fall of 2010.

For further information about the programme contact research lead Dr. J Simon Rofe.

Publications and presentations

  • "Presidential Peacemaking: President George H.W. Bush and the End of the Cold War” in Ranking the Presidents, Iwan Morgan and Michael Cullinane (eds.), 2012, (forthcoming).
  • "Trust between Adversaries and Allies: President George H.W. Bush, Trust and the End of the Cold War” in ’Trust, but Verify’: The Politics of Uncertainty and the Transformation of the Cold War Order, 1969-1991, Martin Klimke, Reinhild Kreis and Christian Ostermann (eds.), (Washington DC: German Historical Institute and Woodrow Wilson Center, 2012) (forthcoming).
  • "End and Ends: the Cold War in International History at systemic and sub-systemic levels" in Nexus Years in the Cold War, Lorenz Luthi ed. (Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 2012). (forthcoming)
  • "Presidential Peacemaking: President George H.W. Bush and the End of the Cold War” ‘Ranking the Presidents Colloquium’, University of Northumbria, February 2012.·
  • "Trust between Adversaries and Allies: President George H.W. Bush, Trust and the End of the Cold War” US Foreign Policy Group conference University of Oxford, September 2011
  • Presentation to Ambassador Ryan C. Crocker, Dean of Scowcroft Institution, Texas A&M College Station, December 2010