SOAS University of London

Department of Development Studies

Introduction to Global Development

Module Code:
FHEQ Level:
Year of study:
Year 1
Taught in:
Full Year

This module is designed to introduce students to key issues and themes in international development. Through taking this module, students will explore and engage with academic debates and discussions around a set of key factors which shape, influence and constrain the existence and experience of poverty. The module is split into three main parts. Firstly the module looks at the evolution of the understanding of development from the colonial to the post-colonial period up to contemporary theories about what development is and should be. Secondly, the module explores a number of key themes in international development, considering how questions of gender and generation shape the impact of poverty; how processes of globalisation, migration and violent conflict impact on development, and how development and the environment are linked. It also considers what exactly we mean by poverty, and how different ways of understanding poverty feed into different approaches to tackling it. The third part of the module considers development institutions: what are the key institutions in the architecture of international development? How do they differ, and what are the challenges and opportunities they present? Through this module, students will gain a solid background in the various factors which shape current approaches to and debates on international development.

Objectives and learning outcomes of the module

On successful completion of this module, a student will be expected to be able to demonstrate:

  • An understanding of the changing definitions of development over the course of the twentieth century to the current day;
  • A critical understanding of how individual identities, global processes, and experiences shape poverty and create obstacles and challenges to, and opportunities for, development;
  • A critical understanding of the different ways in which poverty has been understood and the implications of those differences;
  • An understanding of the the different roles of development actors, and the debates about their role and impact;
  • An ability to used empirically formed analysis to identify gaps and tensions in the literature and academic debates;
  • An ability to engage in critical discussion and debate in a group, and to formulate ideas based upon key readings.


Teaching will take the form of a two-hour lecture and a one-hour tutorial each week. Students are required to make presentations at the tutorials.

Scope and syllabus

Part I: History of development thought

1. What is development?

2. Colonialism and the colonial experience

3. Imperialism and its legacy

Part II: Theories and paradigms of development

4. Modernisation and developmentalism

5. Dependency and underdevelopment

[Reading Week]

6. Neoliberalism and good governance

Part III: Development institutions

7. The state, democracy and development

8. NGOs, civil society and social movements

9. The UN and the IFIs

10. Debt and development

Part IV: Issues in development

11. Gender and development

12. Inequality, poverty and exclusion

13. Rural livelihoods and agrarian change

14. Food, health and hunger

15. Environment and development

[Reading Week]

16. Migration, urbanisation and development 

17. Displacement: Refugees and IDPs

18. Violence, conflict and development

19. Humanitarian emergencies and assistance

20. Summary of major themes and challenges

Method of assessment

100% coursework. Each student will be expected to submit two book reviews no more than 1000 words each, worth 25% each of the overall mark and an Essay of no more than 3000 words worth 50% of the overall grade. Resubmission of coursework regulations apply to this module.

Suggested reading

Haslam, P.A., Schafer, J. and Beaudet, P. (eds.) (2012) Introduction to International Development: Approaches, Actors and Issues. Oxford University Press.


Important notice regarding changes to programmes and modules