Fieldwork methods in language and culture
- Module Code:
- Year of study:
- Taught in:
- Term 2
This module is directed to language learners who are planning to conduct research on various aspects of social and cultural life during a period of residence in the region of their interest.
We explore ways in which “culture” can be conceptualized – e.g. culture as product (novels, plays, manga) or culture as everyday practices (e.g. particular rituals of interpersonal communication, communication ‘styles’, etc.) – and observe in particular the role of language in the construction of culture and cultural identity. By assessing such notions critically, we provide the basis for an enhanced understanding of what learning a second language means, develop an increased awareness of our position in this process, and of the challenges and potential of intercultural communication.
This reflective work not only complements the learning in the language classes and acts as a preparation to the challenges of living and studying in an unfamiliar cultural context, but it also provides the intellectual instruments required by the design of research projects with an ethnographic orientation. The lectures in the second half of the module aim to provide guidance on good practice in the design of Extended Essays or Independent Study Projects on any aspect of contemporary life in the regions of the students’ interest.
Objectives and learning outcomes of the module
On successful completion of this module a student will be able to:
- have an enhanced understanding of the language learning process, in the broad sense of a process of acculturation, and appreciate the constitutive function of language in all aspects of social life
- observe, identify and analyse critically instance of verbal and non-verbal communication which characterize specific aspects of social life, and through these abilities devise an ethnographic project in the country of residence during the compulsory period of study abroad
- Familiarise themselves with a few basic techniques of ethnographic fieldwork (participant observation, formal interviews, etc.)
- develop a critical, ethnorelative attitude, and achieve a deeper, more articulate and informed understanding of self as well as others, and one’s own culture as well as that which is the object of study
Total of 10 weeks teaching with 2 hours classroom contact per week consisting of a 1 hour lecture and a 1 hour tutorial.
Scope and syllabus
The following syllabus is for guidance only and is subject to alteration at the discretion of the module convenor.
- YA as fieldwork: Language learning as social practice; learning in host culture as ethnographic experience
- Culture in the language: Notions of culture and the constitutive function of language
- Interculturality: Language and culture competence, native speakerhood, bi/multi/plurilingualism and bi/multi/pluriculturalism; cultural identity; culture shock
- Designing a small scale ethnographic project: principles of ethnography; observing verbal as well as non-verbal communication and its social contexts; reflexivity
- Designing a small scale ethnographic project 2: as above
- Working with people: Collecting demographic data; ethical issues; culturally sensitive issues
- Data: Various kinds of linguistic or cultural data; cultural knowledge; description vs interpretation;
- Interview: ethnographic interview techniques; participant observation and field notes vs more formal interviews
- Writing ethnographic projects: the constructed nature of accounts
- Student presentations: presentations of research projects
Method of assessment
An essay of 1500 words to be submitted on day 1, after reading week in the term of teaching (30%); presentation on the draft of the ethnographic project - date determined by the teacher (10%); a 2500 Ethnographic project to be submitted on day 1, week 1 in the term following teaching (60%).
- Blommaert, J., & Jie, D. (2010). Ethnographic fieldwork: A beginner's guide. Bristol ; Buffalo: Multilingual Matters.
- Copland, F. and A. Creese (2014). Linguistic ethnography: Collecting, analysing and presenting data. Los Angeles: SAGE
- Robertson, J. E. ed. (2005). A companion to the anthropology of Japan. Malden, MA ; Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.