- Module Code:
- Taught in:
- Term 2
Objectives and learning outcomes of the module
At the end of the module, a student should be able to demonstrate…
- an understanding of how humans produce and perceive speech sounds
- an understanding of the acoustic manifestation of speech sounds
- mastery of some acoustic and experimental techniques to investigate the physical manifestation of speech sounds
- an ability to transcribe southern British English and the sounds of the world’s languages
- an ability to make and interpret recordings
- a practical knowledge of the Praat speech analysis software to complete and report on practical assignments
Total of 10 weeks teaching with 2 hours classroom contact per week consisting of a 1 hour lecture and a 1 hour tutorial.
Scope and syllabus
This modules covers the following:
- The speech chain; phonetics compared to phonology
- Principles of transcription; IPA broad transcription of British English
- Articulation: the organs of speech, vocal anatomy
- Principles of classificatory description of sounds
-airstream mechanisms: egressive vs ingressive; pulmonary, glottalic, velaric
-phonation: modal, breathy, creaky, whisper etc
-vowels and semivowels
-place of articulation
-manner of articulation
-syllables and suprasegmentals: tones, intonation
- IPA and narrow transcription of English, other languages, nonsense words, disordered speech
- Acoustics: Speech pressure waves, sound spectra, spectrograms
- Acoustic description of vowels and consonants
- Non-acoustic experimental phonetics: laryngography/EGG, air pressure
Method of assessment
An essay of 500 words to be submitted on Monday after the reading week (15%); an essay of 500 words to be submitted on Friday of Week 10 (15%); an essay of 1500 words to be submitted on Monday of Week 1 of the following term (30%); a portfolio of 1500 words of experimental work (30%); practical phonetic transcription and production of 15 minutes duration taken in last week of taught course (10%).
Readings for this module will be taken from the following:
- Ball, M.J. & Rahilly, J. (1999) Phonetics: the Science of Speech. London: Arnold
- Catford, J.C. (1988) A Practical Introduction to Phonetics. Oxford: Clarendon Press
- Clark, J. & C. Yallop (1995/1990) (2nd/1st ed.) Phonetics and Phonology. Oxford: Blackwell.
- Denes, P.B. & E.N. Pinson (1973) The Speech Chain. New York: Anchor Press.
- Hayward, Katrina M. (2000) Experimental Phonetics. London: Longman.
- Hardcastle, W.J. & J. Laver (eds) (1999) The Handbook of Phonetic Sciences. London: Blackwell.
- International Phonetic Association (1999) Handbook of the International Phonetic Association. Cambridge University Press.
- Johnson, K. (1997) Acoustic and Auditory Phonetics (2nd Edition). Oxford: Blackwell.
- Kent, R. and C. Read (1992) The acoustic analysis of speech. San Diego/London: Whurr Publishers.
- Ladefoged, P. & I. Maddieson (1996) The Sounds of the World's Languages. Oxford: Blackwell.
- Ladefoged, P. (1993/1982 3rd/2nd Ed.) A Course in Phonetics. New York: Harcourt Brace.
- Ladefoged, P. (1996, 2nd edn 1995) Elements of Acoustic Phonetics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- Ladefoged, P. (2001) Vowels and Consonants: An Introduction to the Sounds of Languages. Blackwell.
- Ladefoged, P. (2003) Phonetic Data Analysis: An Introduction to Fieldwork and Instrumental Techniques. London: Blackwell.
- Watkins, J (2002) The phonetics of Wa. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.