SOAS University of London

Centre of Jaina Studies

International Journal of Jaina Studies (IJJS) Archive 2014

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Jaina Modes of Dying in Ārādhanā Texts

Author: Luitgard Soni

Year: 2014

International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 10, No. 2 (2014) 1-14

Abstract

The article focuses on two modes of dying described in the Mūlārādhanā and illustrated by respective stories in the Bṛhat-Kathākośa: the death by renouncing food and drink and the death by killing oneself. Special reference is given to the telling of the stories in the process of 'assisted death' where the supportive and persuasive function of story telling is explicit. The stories about condoned self-killing, on the other hand, are of special interest since this act connotes violence and is usually not associated with Jaina principles. As exemplary stories these precedents point, however, to particular circumstances where killing oneself in an abrupt way is seen as the right action.

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Understanding the Archaeological Contexts and Iconic Details of Jaina Antiquities from Rakṣatpura and Śaṅkā, District Puruliā, West Bengal

Author: Shubha Majumder
Year: 2014
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 10, No. 1 (2014) 1-32

Abstract

Rāḍha, an important geo-cultural unit of ancient Bengal, was closely associated with the development of different religious traditions. Jainism, which is one of the ancient religions of India, has strong associations with the settlement parameters of this geo-cultural unit from a very early time. The present article focuses on some newly discovered Jaina antiquities from the villages of Rakṣatpura and Śaṅkā, situated along the Dāmodar river valley in the Puruliā district of West Bengal. Along this river valley there are several archaeological sites yielding old habitational remains as well as sculptural and architectural fragments. Most of these sites are associated with historical Jaina relics. Several scholars have already studied these archaeological remains from different perspectives. However, our recent discoveries have made us rethink our understanding of the nature of Jaina heritage in this region and also the iconographic development of its Jaina art. 

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