SOAS University of London

Centre for Jewish Studies

Market Protection in Rabbinic and Roman Law


Date: 25 April 2018Time: 5:30 PM

Finishes: 25 April 2018Time: 7:00 PM

Venue: Paul Webley Wing (Senate House) Room: S209

Type of Event: Lecture

Speaker: Prof. Dr. Matthias Armgardt, Faculty of Law (Legal History and Roman Law), University of
Konstanz, Germany:

The protection of the buyer of potentially stolen goods in the markets of ancient cities was an
important legal issue that occupied both Roman and rabbinic legal experts in the first
centuries C.E. The issue is also dealt with in modern codes of civil law and in common law.
Roman and rabbinic sources indicate that these discussions have a long history. The first
source addressing the problem is the Mishnah (M. B.Q. 10:3), edited around 200 C.E. The
lecture shall focus on the interpretation of this Mishnah and its relation to the rescript in the
Codex Justinianus (C.J.?.6,2,2) by the Roman emperors Septimius Severus and Caracalla (2 nd
– 3 rd c. C.E.). In this context, I shall examine whether the rabbinic discussion found in the
Mishnah may be based on other ancient legal traditions and how it has been expanded in late
antique/early Byzantine legal texts.

Chaired by Prof. Catherine Hezser, Department of History, Religions, and Philosophies,

Everyone is welcome and the entrance is free