SOAS University of London

Workshop Participants

Archana Patkar

Ms. Archana Patkar, a social development expert, is the Manager of the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council's (WSSCC) Networking and Knowledge Management programme.

She has over 15 years experience in the social development and gender fields, working in various capacities with and for amongst others UNICEF, UNFPA, WHO, WaterAid, the UK Department for International Development, and Governments in South Asia and Africa. She was previously founder and Managing Director of Junction Social, a private consulting firm specialising in social development across sectors, based in Mumbai, India. Her work spans a range of sectors, including education, water and sanitation, health, natural resources, urban development and governance.

Dr Catarina de Albuquerque

Catarina de Albuquerque is the first UN Special Rapporteur on the right to safe drinking water and sanitation (formerly Independent Expert). She was appointed by the Human Rights Council in September 2008, having started her mandate on 1 November that year. Between 2004 and 2008 she presided over the negotiations of the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, which the UN General Assembly approved by consensus on 10 December 2008. De Albuquerque is an invited Professor at the Law Faculties of the Universities of Braga and Coimbra and a Senior Legal Adviser at the Office for Documentation and Comparative Law, an independent institution under the Prosecutor General’s Office. She was awarded the Human Rights Golden Medal by the Portuguese Parliament (10 December 2009) for outstanding work in the area of human rights. Her work in human rights was also honoured by the Portuguese President of the Republic (October 2009) with the Order of Merit, which is a recognition of an individual's personal bravery, achievement, or service. She holds a Law Degree from the Law Faculty of the University of Lisbon (Portugal) and a DES from the Institut Universitaire de Hautes Etudes Internationales (Geneva, Switzerland).

Henri Smets

Henri Smets is Member of the Water Academy and of the European Environment Council, and was visiting Professor at the University Paris I from 1983 to 1998. He has since 1972 contributed to the development of environmental economics and law within the OECD Environment Directorate and acts as a consultant for various international organisations including UNEP and the OECD. He is also the recipient of the Elizabeth Haub Prize for Environmental Law. Henri Smets is the author and co-author of a number of OECD studies and publications, and has written widely on issues of environmental policy, law and economics.

Dr Jackie Dugard

Jackie Dugard co-founded SERI in January 2010 and was Executive Director of the organisation till December 2012. She is currently a senior a researcher at the organisation and sits on SERI's Board of Directors. Prior to founding SERI, Jackie was a senior researcher at the Centre for Applied Legal Studies (CALS) at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg between 2004 and 2009. 

Jackie’s areas of expertise are socio-economic rights, socio-legal studies and access to basic services and justice for the poor. Jackie has a BA (Hons) in African Politics and an LLB from the University of the Witwatersrand; an MPhil in the Sociology and Politics of Development and a PhD in Social and Political Sciences from the University of Cambridge; and an LLM in International Human Rights Law from the University of Essex.

Jane Wilbur

Jane Wilbur (Equity, Inclusion and Rights Advisor, WaterAid) has over 11 years experience of working in WASH and international development. Her rich experience includes establishing a new WaterAid country programme in Rwanda, with inclusive development and sustainability at its core.  Jane has also conducted research on disability and the WASH sector, which has been published by the Open University and WEDC.  She has evaluated projects and country programmes; rolled out planning, monitoring and evaluation tools, and mainstreamed equity and inclusion across WaterAid’s projects and country programmes across East Africa.

Dr Katrina Charles

Dr Katrina Charles is a lecturer in environmental engineering, within the Centre for Environmental Strategy <> (CES) and the Centre for Environmental and Health Engineering <> (CEHE) at the University of Surrey. Dr Charles’ research focuses on improving access to and sustainability of water supply and sanitation systems; the fate and transport of viruses in the environment; and the use of quantitative microbial risk assessment.

Louisa Gosling

Louisa Gosling (Programme Principles Manager, WaterAid) has worked in international development for over 20 years, including 10 years at Save the Children. During that time, drawing from experience of best practice, she developed practical toolkits for fieldworkers on the assessment, monitoring, review and evaluation of projects. Since 2009 she has worked in WaterAid, focussing on mainstreaming equity and inclusion. By collaborating with key institutions such as WEDC, LCD, and HelpAge International and consulting widely within WaterAid she has developed the equity and inclusion framework and a programme of training to make WASH programmes more equitable and inclusive.

Lovleen Bhullar

Lovleen Bhullar is a Law Researcher with the Environmental Law Research Society (ELRS), New Delhi. She holds a bachelor’s degree in law from the National Law School of India University, Bangalore, a LLM in Environmental Law from the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, and an MSc in Environmental Policy & Regulation from the London School of Economics & Political Science. Before joining ELRS, she worked at the Institute of Water Policy, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy and the Asia-Pacific Centre for Environmental Law, both at the National University of Singapore. She is the co-editor of Water Governance: An Evaluation of Alternative Architectures (Edward Elgar, 2013) and the author of “Ensuring Safe Municipal Wastewater Disposal in Urban India: Is there a Legal Basis” (Journal of Environmental Law, forthcoming). She is also completing a compendium on legal instruments and policy documents relating to sanitation in India.

Dr Lyla Mehta

Lyla Mehta is a Research Fellow at IDS in the KNOTS team and a Visiting Professor at Noragric, Norwegian University of Life Sciences. She trained as a sociologist (University of Vienna) and has a Ph.D. in Development Studies (University of Sussex).

Her work focuses on water and sanitation, forced migration and resistance, resource grabbing, scarcity, rights and access and the politics of environment/ development and sustainability. She has extensive field research in rural India studying the politics of water scarcity and the linkages between gender, displacement and resistance. Additionally, she has worked on the right to water in South Africa and studied the cultural and institutional aspects of sanitation in Ethiopia, Bangladesh, India and Indonesia. Her work uses the case of water to explore conceptual and empirical questions concerning scarcity, power, politics, rights and access to resources, the contested nature of the 'public' and 'private' and the cultural politics of development. She is currently the water and sanitation domain convenor of the STEPS centre.

Dr Monica Garcia Quesada

Mónica García Quesada is a Global Faculty member of the IHP-HELP Centre for Water Law, Policy and Science, University of Dundee (UK). She has earned a Doctorate in Government, London School of Economics and Political Science. The thesis title is ‘European Union compliance: design, delivery and enforcement of urban waste water policy in Spain and the UK’. Prior to this, she was working as a Research Fellow at the IHP-HELP Centre where she led a research project on governance in water services provision in six European countries (England, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Scotland and Spain), analysing to what extent national regulatory frameworks allow for transparency, participation and access to justice to water consumers in decisions concerning water prices and service quality. In addition, she contributed to the design and lectured various classes on governance. She has been invited to lecture at different Universities on comparative public policy.

Monica has a particular interest in comparative policy research on governance in the water sector and the regulation of private companies’ participation in the water and wastewater sector, in a European context. More generally, Monica’s research interests focus on the impact of the EU water policies on EU member states and on the analysis of processes of institutional change at the national level with respect to water law, policy and regulation.

Prof Philippe Cullet

Philippe Cullet is Professor of International and Environmental Law at the School of Oriental and African Studies – University of London (SOAS) and the Convenor of the International Environmental Law Research Centre (IELRC). He is also a Senior Visiting Fellow at the Centre for Policy Research, Delhi.

Professor Cullet has published widely internationally and in India. His monographs include Water Law, Poverty and Development – Water Law Reforms in India (Oxford University Press, 2009), Intellectual Property and Sustainable Development (Butterworths, 2005) and Differential Treatment in International Environmental Law (Ashgate, 2003). A more comprehensive list of publications is available at

Prof. Cullet engages regularly with policymakers at the national and international levels. He was, for instance, the Convenor of the Sub-group on Legal Issues Related to Groundwater Management and Regulation of the Planning Commission of India that prepared the draft Model Bill for the Conservation, Protection and Regulation of Groundwater, 2011.

Prof Rosalind Malcolm

Rosalind Malcolm is an environmental lawyer and engages in a range of research areas within that field such as regulatory frameworks for water and sanitation; regulatory approaches for ecodesign of green product development; and, approaches to compliance and enforcement across the environmental arena. She also works across environmental health fields and has co-authored Statutory Nuisance (Malcolm, R. and Pointing, J., 2nd edition, 2011, OUP) and contributed a chapter on ‘Organisations and environmental health – how environmental health is delivered’ to Clay’s Handbook of Environmental Health (ed, Battersby, S.) (20th ed., Spon Press, Taylor & Francis Group, 2011). Rosalind is the Director of the Environmental Regulatory Research Group ( which is a research grouping of individuals and organisations engaged in research, teaching and consultancy into environmental regulation, compliance and enforcement. Rosalind works in multi-disciplinary research groups and is an associate member of the Centre for Environmental Strategy, University of Surrey. Rosalind also practises as a barrister from Guildford Chambers.

Shomona Khanna

Shomona Khanna is a lawyer and a researcher from India. She practises law in the Supreme Court of India and represents manual scavengers in the ongoing litigation. Her areas of interest include human rights, particularly of the LGBT community, women and tribal communities. She has also written books and monographs on engagement of marginalised communities with the legal system, the most recently co-authoring a book entitled "India and the Rights of Indigenous Peoples' published by the Asian Indigenous Peoples Pact. Her clients include the Safai Karamchari Andolan (a movement for the abolition of manual scavenging), Campaign for Survival and Dignity (a federation of peoples organisations of forest dwellers), Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar University, Plachimada Solidarity Committee, and many ordinary people.

Spera Atuhairwe

Spera is the Head of Programme Effectiveness, WaterAid Uganda and has worked with relief and development organisations for over 13 years.  She has experience and focus on programme planning, management, capacity building and facilitating sector learning, monitoring and evaluation. She has experience in mainstreaming gender, disability and HIV/AIDS in development programmes. She has developed tools and guidelines for planning, monitoring and reporting for WaterAid Uganda. Currently, she is the focal person for mainstreaming equity and inclusion in WaterAid programmes, projects and partnerships in Uganda. She is at the forefront of a collaborative research in Uganda between WaterAid, WEDC and LCD on ‘undoing inequity in WASH’ focusing on disability, older persons and chronic illnesses in Uganda bringing together disability organisations, key ministries, partner CSOs and Local Governments.

Prior to joining WaterAid, Spera worked for eight years in different capacities with Concern Worldwide Uganda - an international development and relief agency focusing on Health, Education, Livelihoods, HIV/AIDS mainstreaming and emergency relief.

Sue Cavill

Sue Cavill (part time Research Manager - SHARE, WaterAid) is a water supply and sanitation specialist with particular experience in policy-level research and analysis. Sue’s first degree was in development studies followed by a masters in community water supply and sanitation and a PhD on accountability for urban water supply and sanitation services. Sue is also a freelance researcher and consultant, undertaking a wide range of assignments for multilateral, bilateral, academic and NGO clients including the deputy editor of Waterlines journal.

Sujith Koonan

Sujith Koonan is an Assistant Professor at Amity Law School, Noida where he teaches International Environmental Law, International Trade Law and Public International Law for postgraduate courses (LL.M.). He is a resource person and occasionally takes special lectures at Indian Society of International Law, New Delhi. Before joining Amity Law School, he worked as a Law Researcher with various research organisations. He worked with the Environmental Law Research Society (ELRS), New Delhi where he coordinated a three-year project (2009-12) on water law reforms in India. He holds a M. Phil. (International Law) from Centre for International Legal Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi and LL.M. (Environmental Law and Human Rights) from Cochin University of Science and Technology, Cochin. Currently he is pursuing Ph.D. in the area of international water law. His recent research has been mainly on law and policy framework relating to water and sanitation and he has published his research papers in various reputed national and international publications. In 2010-2011, he contributed to the work of the Planning Commission of India as a Member of the Working Group on Water Governance. His recent publications include S. Koonan and P. Sampat, ‘Delhi Water Supply Reforms: Public Private Partnerships or Privatisation?’, 47/17 Economic and Political Weekly 32 (2012); P. Cullet and S. Koonan eds, Water Law in India – An Introduction to Legal Instruments (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2011) and ‘Constitutionality of the Plachimada Tribunal Bill, 2011: An Assessment’, 7/2 Law, Environment and Development Journal 151 (2011).

Dr Susan E. Chaplin

Susan Chaplin is based in Melbourne Australia at the Centre for Sustainable Organisations and Work, RMIT University. She is currently a member of a research team that is examining the social, political and historical bases of community awareness and resilience in bushfire contexts. Her doctoral thesis was on sanitation in urban India and has been published as The Politics of Sanitation in India: Cities, Services and the State (Orient Black Swan, New Delhi). She has also worked on issues of urban development and poverty in India, displacement and climate change in South Asia and public health policy in Australia while employed in the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing.

Prof Tony Allan

Prof. Allan is an Emeritus Professor in the Department of Geography of King’s College London. He is a pioneer in the development of key concepts in the understanding and communication of water issues and how they are linked to agriculture, climate change, economics and politics. He was named the 2008 Stockholm Water Prize Laureate on 19 March 2008. Professor Allan has authored or edited seven books and has published over 100 papers in political science, natural resource management, and interdisciplinary water journals. He has also educated more than 1100 current or future water professionals. He also served as editor for the scientific journal Water Policy and as a consultant for numerous governments, the World Bank and the European Union. While now retired from teaching, he continues to be an active researcher and supervisor of research students in the framework of the School of Oriental and African Studies / King’s College London Water Issues Group which he founded.