SOAS University of London

Department of Music, School of Arts

15. Aitbai


Singing tradition

Sary-Arqa is also identified with the art of singers (änshi), poet-improvisers (aqyn) and versatile artists akin to medieval troubadours or minstrels (sal-seri), who travelled across the region, welcomed at major celebrations and fairs for their poetic eloquence and vocal skills. The tradition reached its zenith in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century with singer-poets such as Segiz-seri Bahramūly, Birjan-sal Qojaghūlūly and the great philosopher, poet and songwriter Abai Qūnanbaev. The hallmark of the Arqa singing style is an expressive lyrical cantilena punctuated by high, sustained notes delivered in a powerful, resonant voice reflective of the acoustic conditions of Arqa’s wide open spaces. Described as the Kazakh bel canto, this style since the 1930s has inspired the operatic scene in Kazakhstan.

Serjan Mūsaiyn, a singer from Qaraghandy known for its masters Mädi Bäpiūly, Jüsipbek Elebekov and Bekbolat Tileukhan, Serjan’s tutor, features songs by Arqa’s celebrated composers (Tracks 15–17, 19) and a folksong (Track 18), evoking images of love, romantic chivalry and philosophic meditation. His singing to a dombra accompaniment in the shertpe style that largely echoes the vocal line underscores the fine melodious qualities and sophisticated artistry of Arqa songs.

15. Aitbai, Birjan-sal Qojaghūlūly

May your fair be happy, my honoured land, Qoyandy,
Uplifting banner, merry, my people.
Qarqaraly, the beautiful Kökshe, the peak of the land, Sary-Arqa,
My golden stronghold.
Summit of the land, Kökshetau,
Flourishing garden of willows and pines,  
There are eighty lakes on your mountainsides.
The musk of your land exhales fragrance.
Sparkling with tears my silvery lake, Maidesken,
Soft, cool, silky your wind.
Kökshetau’s Oq Jetpes,
Nurtured as a favourite child, my land.