(Instrumental Ensemble Prelude)
This form has evolved since the late 19th century in response to western influence. It is a composition for ensemble, with a fixed melody and rhythm. The innovation has been attributed to Gholam Hoseyn Darvish (1872-1926), a celebrated tar player and gifted composer. It is now customarily played before the daramad, the classical prelude, and demonstrates the mood and movements to be developed here and in some of the gushes which follow.