SOAS University of London

Research and Evidence Facility on Migration in the Horn of Africa

REF Consortium Members


SOAS is a world-renowned academic institution forming part of the University of London. Specialising in the study of Africa, Asia, and the Middle East, the School combines a wealth of interdisciplinary expertise in the Horn of Africa that includes anthropology, socio-economic development, law, and language (Somali, Amharic, Swahili, and Arabic). The School is regarded as a source of high-level expertise on migration issues and is regularly called upon to advise international organisations such as UNHCR on policy. Our Centre for Migration and Diaspora Studies brings together staff and researchers from across the School who are engaged in migration. SOAS also has a strong expertise in conflict analysis. Interdisciplinary research is fostered through the Centre for Conflict, Rights, and Justice hosted at the School. In addition, development studies staff, together with our research students, participate in a departmental research cluster on Violence, Peace, and Development.

International Migration Institute, University of Oxford

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The International Migration Institute (IMI) is a research centre within the Department of International Development at the University of Oxford, UK. It was established in 2006 with the aim of advancing understanding of how migration shapes and is shaped by broader development processes. Much of its research has been focused on the African continent, including studies into mobility in the African Great Lakes region (DR Congo, Uganda, Kenya), migration scenarios in the Horn of Africa, engagement of diasporas in countries of origin (Tunisia), the formation of African diasporas within Africa (Somalis, Nigerians, Malians in Uganda and Zambia), family strategies of migrants (Burkina Faso), cross-border movement and livelihoods (Zambia, Angola), settlement and integration of migrants (Morocco, DR Congo) and market traders and international mobility (Ghana, Nigeria). In addition, IMI has been working on major studies of the determinants of migration, high-skilled migration and immigrant stocks through which it has built up new databases (including many African countries) on the demographic characteristics of migrants, migration flows, bilateral flows of migrants, and migration policies. It has been using this data to explore the relationships between social, political, and economic change and mobility and the impact and effectiveness of migration policies.

Sahan Research

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Sahan is a think tank dedicated to promoting peace, stability, and development. Its primary focus is the Horn of Africa with offices in Somalia, Kenya, and the UK. Sahan’s main activities are political analysis, security dynamics, peace building, and governance. It has a long history of supporting state building in the regions as shown in its contribution to Somalia’s Vision 2016 framework. Sahan was involved in research, analysis, and consultations to support the design of this framework. Sahan provides strategic policy advice to governments, international organisations and donors and is currently providing key policy advice to the Somali Federal Government and emerging Federal Member States regarding key political issues from local dispute resolution to the review of the Provisional Constitution. Sahan also undertakes continuous monitoring of security developments including historical research on local conflicts, political economy assessments of regional armed forces and groups, and analytical reports on terror and crime organisations and their affiliates. Sahan works with national governments and international bodies to understand transnational threats including the activities of terrorist groups, as well as capacity building in criminal intelligence analysis. Sahan is a partner of the Inter-Governmental Agency for Development (IGAD) Security Sector Program (ISSP) to promote coordination among IGAD member states in order to counter transnational security threats in the region.