SOAS University of London

London Middle East Institute

Cleft Capitalism: The Social Origins of Failed Market Making in Egypt

IMG - Amr Adly
Amr Adly (American University in Cairo)

Date: 30 November 2021Time: 5:30 PM

Finishes: 30 November 2021Time: 7:00 PM

Venue: Virtual Event

Type of Event: Webinar



Egypt has undergone significant economic liberalization under the auspices of the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, USAID, and the European Commission. Yet after more than four decades of economic reform, the Egyptian economy still fails to meet popular expectations for inclusive growth, better standards of living, and high-quality employment. While many analysts point to cronyism and corruption, Amr Adly finds the root causes of this stagnation in the underlying social and political conditions of economic development.

Cleft Capitalism (Stanford University Press, 2020) offers a new explanation for why market-based development can fail to meet expectations: small businesses in Egypt are not growing into medium and larger businesses. The practical outcome of this missing middle syndrome is the continuous erosion of the economic and social privileges once enjoyed by the middle classes and unionized labor, without creating enough winners from market making. This in turn set the stage for alienation, discontent, and, finally, revolt. With this book, Adly uncovers both an institutional explanation for Egypt's failed market making, and sheds light on the key factors of arrested economic development across the Global South.

About the speaker

Amr Adly is Assistant Professor of Political Science at the American University in Cairo and the author of State Reform and Development in the Middle East: The Cases of Turkey and Egypt (2012) and Cleft Capitalism: The Social Origins of Failed Market Making in Egypt (2020).


This webinar will take place online via Zoom. Click here to register

* The webinar will also be live-streamed on our Facebook page for those that are unable to participate via Zoom.

Chair: Gilbert Achcar (SOAS) and Dina Matar (SOAS

Organiser: SOAS Middle East Institute

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