SOAS University of London

Department of Religions & Philosophies, School of History, Religions & Philosophies

Mr Mariano Errichiello

BS (Naples), MA (SOAS)
  • Research
  • Publications


Mariano Errichiello
Mr Mariano Errichiello
Email address:
Thesis title:
Ilm-e-Khshnoom, an occult Zoroastrian movement: History and Beliefs.
Year of Study:
Internal Supervisors


Mariano Errichiello studied International Business Administration, Management and Leadership at the University Parthenope of Naples and the Columbia University of New York. Along his career in business, he held several leadership roles in Latin America and UK for a world's leading professional services firm. In 2017, Mariano earned his MA Religions of Asia and Africa at SOAS and, in 2018, he started a PhD to research on Ilm-e-Khshnoom, a contemporary esoteric Zoroastrian movement in India.

PhD Research

Ilm-e-Khshnoom is an occult Zoroastrian movement that was started among the Parsis in India by Behramshah Shroff in 1907. The movement proposes an interpretation of Zoroastrianism built on the eventual occult meaning hidden within the Avesta. The introduction of the Khshnoomist beliefs is attributed to Behramshah Shroff, although scholarship suggests that they have been partly
taken from the English version of the Dasatir published in 1818 and, moreover, have been largely influenced by the Theosophical teachings circulating among the Parsis from 1882 onward. The main beliefs of Ilm-e-Khshnoom include the concept of Ahu as the supreme entity above Ahura Mazda and all existence, a monistic dualism, a cyclical view of time, the concept of reincarnation, a different perspective on the figure of Zarathustra, and a liturgy viewed as a tool to connect to divine energies and dimensions. Yet, in their religious practice, Khshnoomists adhere to the traditional ritual instructions.

My research project aims to perform a systematic study of Ilm-e-Khshnoom by:

1. identifying the origins of its beliefs and system;

2. framing its set of beliefs and liturgical approach into a system;

3. evaluating the current state of the movement by conducting a fieldwork between Gujarat and Mumbai.


  • 2017 Western Esotericism Summer School, Kiev
  • 2017 Symposia Iranica Third Biennial Conference, Cambridge


  • Centre for Iranian Studies
  • London Middle East Institute
  • South Asia Institute
  • European Society for the Study of Western Esotericism


  • Zoroastrianism
  • Parsis
  • Ppre-Islamic Iran
  • Gujarati
  • Avestan
  • Middle Persian
  • Western Esotericism
  • Occultism
  • Theosophy
  • Ethnography



Errichiello, Mariano (2021) 'Conferment of meaning to Mount Damāvand between Indo-Iranian Myths and Zoroastrian Pilgrimages'. Himalayan and Central Asian Studies, (25) 1-3, pp 219-229.

Opinion Pieces / Media / Blogs

Errichiello, Mariano (2020) Restless souls: the impact of COVID-19 on the Parsi community in Mumbai.


This list was last generated on Sunday, 2nd October 2022, 11:55 Europe/London.