SOAS University of London

Department of Economics

Mr Julian Manuel Goetz

BSc (University of Tübingen) MSc (UC3M)
  • Research


Julian Goetz
Mr Julian Manuel Goetz
Email address:
Thesis title:
The Impact of Informal and Rural Labour Markets on Poverty Reduction: A Mixed Methods Study of Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining in Northwest Tanzania (working title)
Year of Study:
started September 2017
Internal Supervisors

PhD Research

Julian’s research explores labour markets, their importance to rural non-farming income-generating activities in Sub-Saharan Africa, and the ways in which they affect poverty outcomes of artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM). His thesis engages critically with the literature portraying AGSM as a sector with the potential for poverty reduction. By contrast, the thesis’s main argument is that the type of ASGM job and employment status translates into heterogeneous poverty outcomes and that this has been underexplored to date. Adopting a comparative case study format, the thesis answers the question for whom ASGM works, and for whom it does not, by presenting and analysing qualitative and quantitative primary data collected during five months of fieldwork in Tanzania, drawing on political economy analysis.

Survey and interview data suggest that ASGM households do not fare better than their non-mining counterparts, and that poverty rates in 2019 are as high as reported by a previous study in the same area in 2004. Distinct ASGM jobs and employment statuses translate into heterogeneous poverty outcomes. Waged and processing activities feature much lower incomes than the high average incomes reported by previous contributions. Both findings are important, because two-thirds of the sampled ASGM labour force engage in waged labour and one-third in processing tasks. Consequently, the thesis calls for a more nuanced view of ASGM’s ability to reduce poverty. By reporting substantial levels of waged activities, this work also speaks to empirical literature challenging the orthodox assumption of self-employment as the main and only informal employment status. 


  • Development Economics
  • The Political Economy of Labour Markets
  • Informal and Rural Labour Markets
  • Rural Development
  • Poverty Research
  • Mixed Methods Research