- Visiting Research Fellow, University of Oxford, Contemporary South Asian Studies Programme (CSASP) (2011)
- Associate Professor, National University of Singapore (NUS), South Asian Studies Programme (SASP) (2000-09)
- Professor, University of Chittagong, Department of Economics (1988-91)
- PhD in Social and Political Sciences (SPS), University of Cambridge (1984)
- BA Honours with Major in Economics, University of Sussex, School of African and Asian Studies (AFRAS) (1971)
Areas of Interest
Political Economy, Sociology, Politics and Demography: Agrarian Structure, Peasant Societies, Capitalist Development, Land Grabs, Primitive Accumulation, Accumulation by Dispossession, Village Studies, Ethnic Conflict (Chittagong Hill Tracts), Displacement, Forced Migration, International Refugees (Rohingya), People's Mobilization, Forms of Resistance, and Determinants of Fertility. South Asia with focus on Bangladesh.
2014. Primitive accumulation and the ‘transition to capitalism’ in neoliberal India: Mechanisms, resistance, and the persistence of self-employed labour. Chapter 2 in Barbara Harriss-White and Judith Heyer (eds). Indian Capitalism in Development. London: Routledge, pp. 23-45.
2013. Land grabs and primitive accumulation in deltaic Bangladesh: interactions between neoliberal globalization, state interventions, power relations and peasant resistance. The Journal of Peasant Studies, Vol. 40, No.1, 87-128.
2009. Intellectual critiques, people’s resistance and inter-riparian contestations: Constraints to the power of the state regarding flood control and water management in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna delta of Bangladesh. In Devleena Ghosh, Heather Goodall and Stephanie Hemelryk Donald (Eds), Water, Sovereignty and Borders: Fresh and Salt in Asia and Oceania. Routledge.
2007. Departures from Everyday Resistance and Flexible Strategies of Domination: The Making and Unmaking of a Poor Peasant Mobilization in Bangladesh. Journal of Agrarian Change, Vol. 7 No. 2, April 2007, pp. 183-224.
2004. Migration, Land Alienation and Ethnic Conflict: Causes of Poverty in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh. Dhaka: Research and Advisory Services.
1998. Fertility Decline under Absolute Poverty: Paradoxical Aspects of Demographic Change in Bangladesh. Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. XXXIII, No. 22, May 30, 1998, pp. 1337-1349.
1990. Annotation of Village Studies in Bangladesh and West Bengal: A Review of Socio-Economic Trends Over 1942-88. Comilla: Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development (BARD), p. 290.
1985. Classical and Contemporary Approaches to Agrarian Capitalism. Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. XX, No. 30, pp. PE-53-64.