SOAS University of London

Department of Development Studies

Frances Cleaver

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  • Teaching
  • Publications


Frances Cleaver
Dr Frances Cleaver
Email address:
0207 898 4621
0207 898 4559
SOAS University of London
Thornhaugh Street, Russell Square, London WC1H 0XG
Russell Square: College Buildings
Office No:
Academic Support Hours:
By appointment


Frances' professional work is centred on three interrelated themes of central importance to the understanding of poverty, with particular application to the local governance of natural resources (especially land and water). Her interests link theoretical and methodological advances with practical policy application and she has pursued them both through research and consultancy work. The themes are:

  • Institutions, collective action and participatory natural resource management.
  • Water governance, poverty and wellbeing.
  • The everyday politics of natural resource access and gendered livelihoods.

Additionally Frances is interested in the use of participatory action research and ethnographic methods for exploring the above themes.

The work of the Water and Development in Africa project is centred around analysing the effects of water governance policies on equity and access to water in selected African countries.




Cleaver, Frances (2008) 'Distilling or Diluting? Negotiating the Water Research-Policy Interface'. Water Alternatives, (1) 1, pp 157-176.

Franks, T. and Cleaver, Frances (2007) 'Water Governance and Poverty: A Framework for Analysis'. Progress in Development Studies, (7) 4, pp 291-306.

Cleaver, Frances (2007) 'Understanding Agency in Collective Action'. Journal of Human Development, (8) 2, pp 223-244.

Cleaver, Frances and Toner, A (2006) 'The evolution of community water governance in Uchira, Tanzania: the implications for equity, sustainability and effectiveness'. Natural Resources Forum, (30) 3, pp 207-218.

Cleaver, Frances (2006) 'Local institutions and participatory development'. Sustaining Livelihoods in Southern Africa Newsletter 18, pp 1-16.

Cleaver, Frances (2005) 'The inequality of social capital and the reproduction of chronic poverty'. World Development, (33) 6, pp 893-906.

Cleaver, Frances (2002) 'Reinventing Institutions: Bricolage and the Social Embeddedness of Natural Resource Management'. The European Journal of Development Research, (14) 2, pp 11-30.

Cleaver, Frances and Franks, T. (2002) 'People, livelihoods and decision-making in catchment management: a case study from Tanzania'. Waterlines, (20) 3, pp 7-10.

Cleaver, Frances (2001) 'Institutional Bricolage, Conflict and Cooperation in Usangu'. IDS Bulletin, (32) 4, pp 26-35.

Cleaver, Frances (2000) 'Do Men Matter? New Horizons in Gender and Development'. Id21 Insights 35.

Cleaver, Frances (2000) 'Moral Ecological Rationality: institutions and the management of common property resources'. Development and Change, (31) 2, pp 361-383.

Cleaver, Frances (2000) 'Analysing Gender Roles in Community Based Natural Resource Management: negotiation, lifecourses and social inclusion'. IDS Bulletin, (31) 2, pp 58-64.

Cleaver, Frances (1999) 'Paradoxes of Participation: Questioning Participatory Approaches to Development'. Journal of International Development, (11) 4, pp 597-612.

Cleaver, Frances (1998) 'Choice, Complexity and Change: Gendered Livelihoods and the Management of Water'. Agriculture and Human Values, (15) 4, pp 293-299.

Cleaver, Frances (1998) 'Incentives and Informal Institutions: Gender and the Management of Water'. Agriculture and Human Values, (15) 4, pp 347-360.

Cleaver, Frances and Franks, Tom (1998) 'The Challenges Ahead- Water Resource Management for the Next Millennium'. Waterlines, (16) 4, pp 2-4.

Cleaver, Frances (1998) 'There’s a right way to do it - Informal arrangements for local resource management'. Waterlines, (16) 4, pp 12-14.

Cleaver, Frances and Lomas, I (1996) 'The 5% ‘Rule’: Fact or Fiction?'. Development Policy Review, (14) 2, pp 173-183.

Cleaver, Frances and Jobes, K. (1996) 'Donor Policies and Gender in the Water and Sanitation Sector'. Natural Resources Forum, (20) 2, pp 111-116.

Cleaver, Frances (1996) 'Cost Recovery in the Water Sector'. Development Research Insights.

Cleaver, Frances (1995) 'Water as a Weapon: The History of Water Supply Development in Nkayi District, Zimbabwe'. Environment and History, (1), pp 313-333.

Cleaver, Frances and Elson, Diane (1995) 'Women and Water Resources: Continued Marginalisation and New Policies'. Gatekeeper Series, (49), pp 3-15.

Cleaver, Frances (1994) 'Problems in the Planning of Rural Water Supply, Projects: Lessons from Nkayi District, Zimbabwe'. Journal of International Development, (6) 1, pp 123-127.

Cleaver, Frances (1991) 'Maintenance of Rural Water Supplies in Zimbabwe’'. Waterlines, (9) 4, pp 23-26.

Edited Books or Journals

Cleaver, Frances, (ed.), (2002) Masculinities Matter! Men, gender and development. London: ZED.


This list was last generated on Friday, 22nd February 2019, 00:03 Europe/London.