SOAS University of London

Summer School at SOAS University of London

Development and Conflict

  • Overview
  • Structure
  • Teaching and Learning
  • How to Apply

Overview

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Mode of Attendance: Full-time

Dates

Session 3: 23 July - 10 August 2018

Programme Description 

This course examines the linkages between conflict and development, between inequality and violence, and between the structures and interests which contribute to the continuation of violence within and between countries. It is informed by a political economy approach to analysing conflict, and highlights the way in which the economic and political interests of conflict parties and their international backers may conspire to form ‘war systems,’ and how violent conflict may create great wealth for some, while causing devastation for many more.

The course is divided into three parts: First, we will explore the core concepts of conflict, development and violence and introduce several basic approaches to analysing conflict: in terms of rational choice, political economy, and more anthropological approaches that foreground the meanings and social embeddedness of violence. Second, we will explore and critically probe a range of explanations for the causes and consequences of violent conflict, focusing on explanations framed in terms of natural resources and environmental scarcity and in terms of ethnic or religious identities and the impacts in terms of displacement and humanitarian crises, and the effect of violent conflict on non-war, ‘criminal’ violence. Finally, we will consider the role of external interveners in alleviating and exacerbating conflict, focusing on the challenges of externally-led post-conflict reconstruction, the role of the global arms trade and international political and economic institutions more broadly in shaping conflicts, and how the war on terror articulates with the conflicts and approaches to analysing them that we have been studying.

Throughout, the course will draw on case studies from a wide range of on-going and recent conflicts throughout the world, and students are asked to engage critically with some of the most important strands of literature, defining academic and policy debates--about the causes and consequences of conflicts, and the role of development assistance, humanitarian intervention and post-conflict reconstruction in building peace as well as in exacerbating and perpetuating conflict. Students will critically examine the relevant literature, popular discourse and media portrayals of conflict to challenge assumptions and constructively engage with each other, reaching new understandings and strengthening analytical skills.

Tutor information

Joshua Rogers is a Doctoral candidate and Graduate Teaching Assistant at SOAS, where he works on dynamics of state formation under conditions of conflict and external intervention and teaches and lectures on the political economy of violence, conflict and development. Joshua’s regional expertise is in the Middle East and North Africa and other research interests include protest and mobilisation and war to peace transitions. He has published on the mechanisms linking conflict and state-formation, Egypt’s statebuilding in Yemen, youth demands in Yemen’s change squares, and a range of other topics. Joshua  holds a BA from Oxford University and completed his MA at the Free University in Berlin and Sciences Po Paris. He has done work for Saferworld, DfID, the OECD, and the EU Delegation to Sana’a.

Saleem Haddad received his MSc in Development Studies from SOAS in 2007. Since then, he has amassed ten years of experience working in the field of humanitarian action, development and peace building. He has worked with Médecins Sans Frontières, Saferworld, the Overseas Development Institute, and a number of UN agencies. His primary geographical expertise is in the Middle East and North Africa. Professionally, he has worked on a range of issues including transitional and peace processes, negotiating humanitarian access, refugees, conflict sensitivity, gender and sexuality, community-based approaches, security sector reform, and the securitisation of aid. Haddad is also the author of the novel Guapa, which won the Polari First Book Prize and was awarded a Stonewall Honour. In 2016, Haddad was selected as one of the top 100 Global Thinkers of the year by Foreign Policy Magazine.

Tuition Fees

A tuition fee of £1600 will be charged per 3 week programme. This figure does not include accommodation fees.

Application fee

A one-off, non-refundable application fee of £40 will be charged to cover administration costs. 

Discounts

An early bird tuition fee discount of 10% is available until 30 March 2018.

Accommodation

Accommodation is available to Summer School students at the SOAS halls of residence, Dinwiddy House. For more details of how to book a room please visit the Dinwiddy House accommodation page.

Credits

Students are usually able to obtain credits from their home institution and typically our courses receive 3 credits in the US system and 7.5 ECTS in the European system. If you intend to claim credits from your home institution, please check the requirements with them before you enrol. We will be happy to assist you in any way we can, however please be aware that the decision to award credits rests with your home institution. Assessment will be optional and will vary for each course. Participants will be provided with a certificate of attendance and transcripts will be available on request.

Social Programme

You will also be able to enjoy our social programme, starting with a welcome party and an optional river cruise on the Thames for a small additional charge. Details about how to book will be communicated to you once you are registered. You will also receive discount codes for day trips and overnight tours with our partner International Friends.

Enquiries

For more information, please fill out our enquiries form

Structure

Contact hours: 46 hours (lectures, tutorials, activities). The course will be delivered Monday - Friday over the 3 weeks.   Core hours: Monday - Thursday 10am-3pm, and 2 hours on one specified Friday over the 3 weeks.   Optional hours: In addition to regular lectures and tutorials, each course is composed of a range of 'activities' relating to their academic content (e.g. museum visit, company visit etc). On Fridays, all courses open up one of their activities to all summer school students and these are optional. For example, if you have been studying a Development course, you may choose to join an activity belonging to a Politics, Economics and Environment course. All activities will be staggered throughout the day so that you have a chance to take as many as possible. Please note however that the Friday activity relating to the course you are registered on is compulsory.

Week 1: Concepts and approaches

  • Concepts, definitions and the links between conflict and development
  • Political economy approaches to analysing violence
  • Approaching conflict through a gender lens

Week 2: Causes and consequences

  • Scarcity, natural resources, and conflict
  • Ethnicity, religion and ‘ancient hatreds’
  • Conflicts, refugees and borders
  • War to peace continuities and violence in non-conflict settings

Week 3: Interventions and the role of the global North

  • Post-conflict reconstruction, state building and peace building
  • Conflict, the arms trade and the ‘zone of peace’
  • Identity, terror and the war on terror

Assessment: is optional and will be in the form of a 2000-2500 word essay to be handed in 2 weeks after the end of the course.

Visits

The course will involve visits to two London-based non-governmental organisations working on humanitarian relief in conflict zones, conflict-prevention, peacebuilding or conflict analysis (such as Médecins Sans Frontières, International Alert, Saferworld, Conciliation Resources, International Crisis Group, or Chatham House) as well as a visit to the Imperial War Museum.

Disclaimer

Teaching and Learning

Teaching & Learning

At the end of a course, a student should be able to demonstrate: 

  • how wars and conflicts affect development processes and vice versa
  • an ability to describe and critique major theories of conflict causes and consequences
  • an understanding of the international responses to global complex emergencies (wars, humanitarian disasters, and refugee-crises) and an ability to critique their problems

 

Sample Reading list

  • Cramer, C. (2006). Civil War is not a Stupid Thing: Accounting for Violence in Developing Countries. London, Hurst.
  • Duffield, M. (2007), Development, Security and Unending War: Governing the World of Peoples. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  • Gutiérrez-Sanin, F. (2004), “Criminal Rebels? A Discussion of War and Criminality from the Colombian Experience ,” Politics and Society. Vol 32, No. 2 (2004): 257—85.
  • Human Security Report Project (2014), Human Security Report 2013 - The Decline in Global Violence: Evidence, Explanation and Contestation, HSRP: Simon Fraser University, Canada.
  • Hyndman, J. and Giles, W. (2011), ‘Waiting for What? The Feminization of Refugees in Protracted Situations’ in Gender, Place and Culture.18 (3): 361-379
  • Parfitt, T.(2013), ‘Modalities of Violence in Development: structural or contingent, mythic or divine?’ Third World Quarterly, 34(7), pp. 1175-1192.
  • Paris, R. (2010), ‘Saving Liberal Peacebuilding’, Review of International Studies, Vol. 36, pp. 337-365.
  • Scheper-Hughes, N. and Bourgeois, P.(2004), Violence in War and Peace: an anthology, Oxford: Blackwell

Apply

How to Apply

Applications Now Open! Click to apply

Entry Requirements

In order to join our Summer School, you will need to meet the following entry requirements:

  • A university student or a graduate at the time of attending the summer school, and 18+ years of age.
    Professional experience can be acknowledged as equivalent to a university qualification.
  • A minimum English language requirement if English is not your first language:
    • IELTS, 6.5 overall or higher, with at least 6 in all sub scores.
    • TOEFL Paper based test we require a minimum of 583 with minimum 53 in all skills and for TOEFL Internet Based Test we require a minimum of 93 with minimum 20 in all skills. 
    • Pearson Test of English a score of 59-64
    • Cambridge English: Advanced (CAE) Grade B
    • If you have studied in an English speaking institution, or have courses taught at your university in English (excluding English language courses) you may meet our requirements without having to supply a certificate. Evidence of this will either need to be included on a transcript or letter from your university.
    • Applicants with an alternative qualification should contact us for advice.
    • Applicants whose English language level do not meet out requirements may be interested in our subject based courses with English language support.

Enrolment of Summer School applicants who don’t meet the entry requirements is at the discretion of SOAS – please get in touch to speak to us in detail about your application

Application Procedure

Once you have paid the £40 application fee and submitted the online application form, you will be informed as to whether you have a place on the summer school within 5 working days. Please do not pay your tuition fee prior to having received your offer letter.

Application Deadline

25 May 2018

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