SOAS University of London

Virtual Zulu

Lesson 11 : The verb extensions

Aims Of This Lesson: The Verb Extensions

Communication :

To enable the students to see how verb extensions are used to get another meaning.

Grammar :

The following verb endings will be discussed:

Applicative: -el- expresses ‘something is done for, on behalf of’

Causative: -is- expresses ‘cause something to happen’

Reciprocal: -an- expresses ‘one another’ or ‘each other’

Comprehension

  • Dialogue

    UMpande: (ushaya ucingo) Sawubona Vusimuzi

    UVusimuzi: Yebo sawubona we Mpande. Unjani?

    UMpande: Cha, ngikhona, unjani wena?

    UVusimuzi: Ngikhona.

    UMpande: Nginombuzo. Ungangisiza namuhla na?

    UVusimuzi: Ufuna ukuthi ngikusize ngani?

    UMpande: Ngifuna ungibambele emsebenzini kusasa ngoba ngedwa, akekho muntu.

    UVusimuzi: Kulungile, sizobonana khona.

    UMpande: Ngiyakubonga kakhulu ngoba uzongincedisa.

    Audio

    Vocabulary

    Zulu English
    Ushaya ucingo he phones
    Nginombuzo I have a question
    Ngikusize I help you
    Ungibambele you help me out (-el-)
    Akekho muntu there is nobody
    Sizobonana we will see each other (-an-)
    Uzongincedisa you will help me (-is-)

    Download

    Dialogue (pdf; 812kb)  

  • Exercises

    Translate the following sentences into either English or Zulu.

    1. I want to go to town for my grandma to buy her some bread.
    2. Ngicela ungigezele le nto ngifuna ukuyisebenzisa.
    3. My sister is teaching the children at school. She reads the book to them.
    4. The men are helping each other at work.
    5. UBen uyamjabulisa umama ngoba uyamsiza umama phandle engadini.
    6. Could you please phone me tomorrow?
    7. Ngifuna ukuthi ubhuti angisebenzele endlini namuhla ngoba anginasikhathi ukukwenza umsebenzi.
    8. Wonke amalanga ubaba ufuna ukuthi simlandele iphephandaba (newspaper) esitolo. Amanye amalanga ufuna simthengele utshwala.
    9. Please go and buy me some cakes because my friends are coming to visit us.

    Fill in the correct verb extension and translate them into English.

    1. Utisha ufund___a abantwana esikolweni.
    2. Utisha ufund___a izingane ibhuku.
    3. Abangane bazobona___a edolobheni namuhla.
    4. Ugogo ufuna ngiye esitolo ukumtheng___a isinkwa nobisi.
    5. Ngicela ungileth___e itiye lami ehhovisi.
    6. Kuhle uma abantu bayathand___a.
    7. Sizosebenz____a le bhuku ngesikhathi sifunda isiZulu.
    8. Ngicela ungikhomb___e ukuthi ngenzeni lapha.
    9. Uma sibhaka ikhekhe, kufanele sihlangan___e (mix) amaqanda noshukela.
    10. Umama ungithume kwagogo ukumland____a itiye noshukela.

    Download

    Exercises (pdf; 7kb)  

  • Comprehension

    Namuhla kuyilanga lami lokusebenza ekhaya. Ngifuna ukusula nokupholisha ifenisha. Ngizoshanela bese ngigeza phansi ekhishini. Ngizowageza namafasitele. Nasebhavulumu ngizogeza konke. Ngifuna ukuthi konke endlini kukhanye. Ngimcele usisi wami angincedise ngomsebenzi. Yena uzongisebenzela phandle. Uzoshanela ibala futhi uzongicentela engadini. Angiluthandi ukhula. Engadini satshala ummbila namazambane notamatisi nobhontshisi. Sithanda ukuzitshalela imifino. Uma imifino miningi, mina ngiyayidayisa emakethe ngoMgqibelo.

    Uma ngiqede umsebenzi wasendlini, ngizoqala ukugeza izingubo zethu zasekhaya nazasemsebenzini. Ngithanda ukuqeda wonke umsebenzi ngoba mina anginasikhathi phakathi kweviki ngoba ngisebenza enkantolo edolobheni. Ngijwayela ukubuyela ekhaya ngo-5. Kufanele ngiqale ukuphekela umndeni wami. Umyeni wami usebenza esikolweni ngoba uyafundisa. Izingane zethu zifunda zombili.

    Kuhle ukusizana ngoba thina sithi ‘Izandla ziyagezana’ ngesiZulu. Kusho ukuthi uma umuntu uyangisiza, mina ngizomsiza futhi ngesinye isikhathi uma efuna ukuthi ngimsize.
     

    Questions

    1. Ucabanga ukuthi basebenza ngaliphi ilanga?
    2. Ufuna ukwenza muphi umsebenzi phakathi endlini?
    3. Ngubani uzofika ukumsiza? Uzowenzani?
    4. Umyeni usebenzaphi?
    5. Kuthini uma sithi ‘Izandla ziyagezana’?

    Download

    Comprehension (pdf; 2mb)  

  • Vocabulary
    Zulu English
    Kuyilanga lami it is my day
    Ukusula to wipe
    Nokupholisha and to polish
    Ifenishi the furniture
    Ngizoshanela I will sweep
    Ngigeza I wash
    Phansi the floor
    Ekhishini in the kitchen
    Amafasitele the windows
    Nasebhavulumu and in the bathroom
    Konke everything
    Kukhanye to be clean/to shine
    Angincedise that she should help me
    Uzongisebenzela she will work for me
    Ibala the yard
    Uzongicentela scuffle clear
    Ukhula the weeds
    Satshala we planted
    Ummbila maize
    Namazambane potatoes
    Notamatisi and tomatoes
    Nobhontshisi and beans
    Ukuzitshalela to palnt for ourself
    Imifino vegetable
    Miningi is many
    Ngiyayidayisa I am selling it
    Emakethe on the market
    ngoMgqibelo on Satudays
    wasendlini of the house (house work)
    nezingubo clothes
    zasekhaya of the house (clothes we wear at home)
    nazasemsebenzini and of work (work clothes)
    phakathi kweviki during the week
    ukuphekela to cook for
    umndeni family
    umyeni wami my husband
    uyafundisa he teaches (he causes to learn)
    zombili both of them
    kuhle it is nice
    ukusizana to help each other
    izandla ziyagezana hands are washing each other (meaning to help each other)
    uyangisiza he helps me
    ngizomsiza I will help him
    ngesinye isikhathi another time

    Download

    Vocabulary (pdf; 7kb)  

  • Downloads