SOAS University of London

Virtual Zulu

Lesson 14 : Quantatives: The exclusive (-dwa) and inclusive (-nke)

Aims Of This Lesson

Communication :

To enable understanding of the use of quantatives

Grammar :

Quantatives: The exclusive -dwa and inclusive -nke

Comprehension

  • Dialogue

    UMathambo: Sawubona Zembe. Yimi uMathambo.

    UZembe: Hawu, sawubona Mathambo! Nkosi yam’ unjani ke?

    UMathambo: Hhayi, ngikhona, ayikho inkinga. Nginombuzo mina.

    UZembe: Kwenzekeni?

    UMathambo: Lutho kodwa ngifuna ukukwazi noma wena ufuna ukuhamba nathi? Thina sonke, abangane bakho, sifuna ukuya eThekwini ngenyanga ezayo.

    UZembe: Nina nonke? Kodwa, ake ungitshele nizohlalaphi?

    UMathambo: Sewakhohlwa yini? Abazali bakaCele banendlu eThekwini. Bathe singahlala kuyo iviki elilodwa.

    UZembe: Hhayi ngempela lokhu kuhle kodwa kufanele ngibacele abazali bami ukuthi bangangivumela ngiye futhi. Kuzobiza malini?

    UMathambo: Kuzobiza iR200.00. Le mali izothenga upetroli nokudla kodwa kufanele uphathe imali yakho futhi.

    UZembe: Ngibonga kakhulu! Ngizobacela abazali bese ngizokutshela kusasa.

    Audio

    Vocabulary

    Zulu English
    Yimi it is me
    uMathambo male name
    hawu my goodness
    uZembe male name
    hhayi oh no
    ayikho there is not
    inkinga a problem
    nginombuzo I have a question
    kwenzekeni what happened?
    Lutho nothing
    Ukukwazi (to) want to (it) know
    Sonke we all
    Ngenyanga ezayo the following month
    Nina nonke you all
    Ake please
    Ungitshele tell me (remember after ake, to use the subjunctive)
    nizohlalaphi? where will you stay?
    Sewakhohlwa yini? did you already forget?
    Banendlu they have a house
    Singahlala we could stay
    Kuyo (in) there
    Elilodwa (which) is one
    Ngempela really
    Lokhu kuhle this is nice
    Ngibacele I should ask them
    Bangingavumela they would allow me
    Kuzobiza it will cost
    Malini? How much (money)?

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    Dialogue (pdf; 1396kb)  

  • Exercises
    1. Choose the correct word between the brackets.
    2. Umzimba (body) ubuhlungu (wonke/onke)
    3. Akekho muntu ekhaya namuhla. (Wonke/bonke) basemsebenzini.
    4. Wozani lapha (sonke/nonke) sifuna ukudla manje.
    5. Ngubaba (wodwa/yodwa) ekhaya onemoto.
    6. Ngiphuza itiye (yodwa/lodwa) nobisi, angithandi ukuthela ushukela.

    Fill in the gaps and translate please.

    1. Thina sisesikolweni ______ ilanga. Umama ukhona ______ ekhaya.
    2. Ngifuna ukuthi _____ nize kimi ngoba nginamaswidi amaningi. Ngifuna ukuninika.
    3. Ngifunda isiZulu ______. Angifundi amanye amalimi (languages).
    4. Wozani nibheke lapha! Kukhona izinyoni eziningi. _______ zase-Aflika.
    5. Mina _______ ngizoya edolobheni namuhla. ______ basala ekhaya.

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    Exercises (pdf; 6kb)  

  • Comprehension

    Sonke sijabula kakhulu ngoba isikolo sethu sivale izolo. Sineholide likaKhisimuzi. Kithi kushisa kakhulu ngoba kusehlobo ngoDisembe eSotaflika. Umdeni wethu wonke uzoya eThekwini ukubhukuda. Zonke izingane zithanda ulwandle ngoba zonke zithanda ukubhukuda noma ukudlala emanzini.

    Sesiphakishe imoto yethu. Sithathe konke ukudla nazonke izinto zokudlala esihlabathini. Sonke sisemotweni. Sizohamba amahora amathathu ukuya eThekwini. Endleleni sidle izinkwa nenyama namakhekhe namaswidi amnandi. Ubaba usithengele u-ayisikhilimu.

    Ngo-11 sifike eThekwini. Sijahe ukuya osebe lolwandle. Umama uthe kufanele siqaphele izimoto uma siwela umgwaqo.

    Ubaba usiqashele isambulela ukuvimba ilanga. Bonke bahlezi phansi kwesambulela. Mina nobhuti sigijima ukungena emanzini kodwa sesaba amagagasi kancane. Uma wona makhulu, sizama ukuphuma emanzini ngejubane.

    Sesikhathele kakhulu. Sifuna ukuphumula. Umama usinika ukudla ngoba sesilambile kakhulu. Ukubhukuda kuyalambisa kakhulu.

    Sikha indlu enkulu eyinqaba ngesihlabathi. Sinethunga elilodwa kodwa sinamafosholo amabili. Mina nginalami nobhuti unalakhe. Kuqala sidlale sodwa, bese kufika umfana oyintanga kabhuti. Sobathathu sidlale kahle kakhulu.
     

    Questions

    1. Bayeleni eThekwini ukwenzani?
    2. Kushisa kuphi futhi nini?
    3. Ngobani abahambayo futhi bahamba ngani?
    4. Bafike nini eThekwini?
    5. Izingane zijahe ukuyaphi? Bafuna ukwenzani khona?
    6. Wenzani ubaba ume befika osebe lolwandle?
    7. Izingane ziwathandelani amanzi?
    8. Uma bebuyela kubazali benzani?
    9. Benzani esihlabathini?
    10. Badlala bodwa lonke ilanga?

    Download

    Comprehension (pdf; 2mb)  

  • Vocabulary
    Zulu English
    Sonke we all
    Sijabula we are happy
    Sethu our (school)
    Sivale closed
    Sineholide we have a holiday
    likaKhisimuzi (of) Christmas
    kithi at us
    kushisa it is hot
    kusehlobo it is summer
    ngoDisembe in December
    eSotaflika in South Africa
    umdeni wethu wonke (the family our) the whole
    ukubhukuda to swim
    zonke izingane all the children
    ulwandle the sea
    emanzini in the water
    sesiphakishe we have already packed
    imoto yethu our car
    konke ukudla all the food
    nazonke and all
    izinto zokudlala the things to play with (toys)
    esihlabathini in the sand
    sonke sisemotweni we are all in the car
    amahora hours
    amathathu (which are) three (3 hours)
    amnandi (which are) nice
    u-ayisikhilimu ice-cream
    sijahe we hurried
    osebe lolwandle to the beach
    siqaphele izimoto we (should) watch out for the cars
    uma siwela umgwaqo when we cross the road
    usiqashele he hired us
    isambulela an umbrella
    ukuvimba to keep away
    ilanga the sun
    bonke they all
    bahlezi phansi sitting (stative) down
    kwesambulela under the umbrella
    sesaba we are afraid
    amagagasi the waves
    kancane a little bit
    uma wona makhulu if they (the waves) are big
    sizama we try
    ukuphuma to go out
    ngejubane with speed (very quick)
    sesikhathele we are tired (excausted)
    ukuphumula to rest
    sesilambile kakhulu we are already very hungry
    kuyalambisa it makes hungry
    sikha we are building
    indlu enkulu eyinqaba castle
    ngesihlabathi with sand
    sinethunga elilodwa we have one bucket (we have a bucket which is one)
    sinamafosholo amabili we have two spades (spades which are two)
    nginalami I have mine
    unalakhe he has his
    kuqala (at) first
    sodwa on our own
    umfana oyintanga a boy of the same age
    kabhuti of brother
    sobathathu the three of us

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    Vocabulary (pdf; 8kb)  

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