SOAS University of London

Virtual Zulu

Lesson 5 : Past and Future Tenses

Aims Of This Lesson

Communication :

The students should be able to switch between the different tenses.

Grammar :

All Past and Future Tenses
How to use time and dates in Zulu

Comprehension

  • Dialogue

    Sphiwe: Sawubona Sisi! Uyephi ekuseni?

    Togo : Yebo, sawubona. Mina, ngiye ukuvakasha kuKhumalo.

    Sphiwe: Oh, manje ake ungitshele ukuthi unjani uKrestina?

    Togo: Cha, usencono. Bamlandile izolo esibhedlela. Usekhaya manje.

    Sphiwe: Wenzani manje?

    Togo: Ngizoshanela endlini bese ngiyapheka.

    Sphiwe: Mina angizushanela ngizopheka manje. Ngizoshanela kusasa ekuseni.

    Audio

    Vocabulary

    Zulu English
    Uyephi where did you go
    Ekuseni in the morning
    Ngiye I went
    Ukuvakasha to visit
    KuKhumalo to Khumalo
    Oh oh
    Manje now
    Ake please
    Ungitshele you tell me
    Ukuthi that
    Unjani how are you
    UKrestina Krestina
    Usencono he is better
    Bamlandile they fetched him
    Izolo yesterday
    Esibhedlela at the hospital
    Usekhaya she is at home
    Wenzani manje what are you doing now
    Ngizoshanela I will sweep
    Endlini in the house
    Bese and then
    Ngiyapheka I am cooking
    Angizushanela I will not sweep
    Ngizopheka I will cook
    Kusasa tomorrow
    Ekuseni morning

    Download

    Dialogue (pdf; 796kb)  

  • Exercises

    Fill in the gaps.

    1. _______ (on Monday) ubaba uya emsebenzini kowa ______ akasebenzi.
    2. Ngesonto eledlule ____bona (she) ugogo wakhe.
    3. Kusasa ba___dlala nabangane babo ekhaya.
    4. Izolo asiya_____ edolobheni.
    5. Amantombazane awa___ya emsebenzini ngenyanga ezayo.
    6. Indoda ___sebenza eThekwini ngonyaka odlule.
    7. Angi___funda (will not) isiZulu namuhla kodwa ngi___funda kusasa.
    8. Ogogo bafuna ukufika _______ ___-3 ku-Apreli.
    9. Ngeviki eledlule umama ________ (went) kumngane wakhe (her friend).
    10. Namuhla _______ (we are going) kugogo.

    Please correct the mistakes.

    1. Inja yethu (our) yahlala endlini namuhla.
    2. Amadoda aye emsebenzini kusasa.
    3. Izolo asizubona abangane bethu.
    4. Izolo umama awusebenza esitolo.
    5. UJabu ufuni (don’t want) ukufunda isiZulu
    6. Ngeviki eledlule angithengi itiye noshukela.

    Translate into either English or Zulu.

    1. Next year Thoko will go to school.
    2. Last month we saw granddad and grandmum because they came to us (kithi).
    3. Our friend goes to work on Monday and Thursday.
    4. This week we don’t go to school and also next week we will not go to school.
    5. On Saturday mum goes shopping (ukuthenga). We go with her.
    6. NgoMsombuluko ekuseni kakhulu sivuka (get up) ukuya esikolweni. Siya nabangane bethu ngemoto kababa (of dad).
    7. Umama uyapheka ngoba umalume nomdeni wakhe bazofika ukudla kithi (uncle and his family) ngedina (midday).

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    Exercises (pdf; 7kb)  

  • Comprehension

    Ngonyaka odlule saya eKruger paki. Sahlala eSkukuza endlwana. Kwakukhona nabanye abantu abaningi. Bonke bathande ukubheka izilwane nezinyoni epaki. Sahamba ngemoto kababa, i-4x4.

    Wonke amalanga savuka ngo-6 ukuya ukubheka izilwane. Sabona ingulule emithini uma saphuma esangweni eSkukuza. Yadla inyamazane encane. Emini sabona umhlambi wezindlovu. Kwakukhona nenkonyane encane kakhulu. Samangala kakhulu ukubona le nkonyane. Izindlovu zaphuza amanzi futhi zazithela ngamanzi ngemboko. Sajabula ukubona nebhubhesi elithamela ilanga.

    Ntambama sayosa inyama. Saphuza utshwala newayini elibomvu. Sakuthanda kakhulu epaki.

    Izolo abangane bethu bafike ukubona izithombe. Umama uphekhe ukudla okumnandi. Bacele ukubona izithombe zethu zeholide. Sihleke kakhulu ngesikhathi sibone izimfene zigibela emotweni kababa.

    Sonke sifuna ukubuyela eKruger paki ngonyaka ozayo. Sizothanda ukubona izilwane kanye futhi.
     

    Questions

    1. Bayaphi ngonyaka odlule?
    2. Bahlalaphi?
    3. Babona siphi isilwane emithini, senzani (enza = do)?
    4. Izindlovu zenzani ngemiboko?
    5. Benzani ntambama?
    6. Kufike bani kubo ukubona izithombe zeKruger paki?
    7. Bahlekheleni?
    8. Bafuna ukuyaphi ngonyaka ozayo?

    Download

    Comprehension (pdf; 2mb)  

  • Vocabulary
    Zulu English
    Ngonyaka year (unyaka: nga + unyaka = ngonyaka)
    Odlule last
    Saya we went (remote past s(i)a + ya = saya)
    Sahlala we stayed
    eSkukuza at Skukuza (one of the camps in the Park)
    Endlwana in a rondavel (round hut)
    Kwakhona there were
    Nabanye also other
    Abantu people
    Abaningi many
    Bonke they all
    Bathanda liked
    Ukubheka to watch
    Izilwane the animals
    Nezinyoni and birds
    Epaki in the park
    Sahamba we went
    Ngemoto by car
    Kababa of dad (dad’s car)
    i4x4 a 4x4
    wonke every
    amalanga days
    savuka we got up
    ngo-6 at 6 o’ clock
    sabona we saw
    ingulule a cheetah
    emithini in the tree
    uma when
    saphuma we came out
    esangweni at the gate
    yadla he (cheetah) ate
    inyamazane an antilope
    encane small (small antilope)
    emini during the day
    umhlambi a herd
    wezindlovu of elephants
    kwakukhona there was
    nenkonyane also a calf
    encane small
    kakhulu very (encane kakhulu = very small)
    samangala we were astonished / surprised
    le nkonyane this calf
    izindlovu the elephants
    zazithela were pouring (splashing) themself
    ngamanzi with water
    ngemboko with trunks (imboko)
    sajabula we were happy
    nebhubhesi also a lion (ibhubhesi)
    elithamela which basked
    ilanga (in) the sun
    ntambama in the evening
    sayosa we grilled (sa – y(i)-osa – (yi = object concord for class 9))
    inyama meat
    utshwala beer
    newayini and wine
    elibomvu red
    sakuthanda we liked it
    kakhulu a lot
    epaki in the park
    izolo yesterday
    abangane friends
    bethu our
    bafike came
    ukubona to see
    izithombe photos
    upheke she cooked
    ukudla food
    okumnandi nice (food)
    sihleke we laughed
    kakhulu a lot
    ngesikhathi when
    sibone we saw
    izimfene monkeys
    zigibela (they) climbing
    emotweni on to the car
    kababa of dad
    sonke we all
    sifuna we want
    ukubuyela to return
    epaki to the park
    ngonyaka the year
    ozayo next (coming or following)
    sizothanda we will like
    ukubona to see
    izilwane the animals
    kanye again
    futhi also

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    Vocabulary (pdf; 8kb)  

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