SOAS University of London

Virtual Zulu

Lesson 6 : The use of the possesive and object concord

Aims Of This Lesson

Communication :

The student should be able to use the possesive in all classes and adding an object with the object concord.

Grammar :

The use of the possesive and object concord

Comprehension

  • Dialogue

    Busisiwe: We, Zanele, uphi udadewenu?

    Zanele: Uye esitolo. Uzolithenga iphephandaba likababa.

    Busisiwe: Uzobuya nini?

    Zanele: Angazi kahle, kodwa ngithi ngo-4.

    Busisiwe: Mtshele, angishayele ucingo. Nali inombolo lami. Ngifuna ukwazi uma yena unebhuku lesiNgisi.

    Zanele: Kulungile, ngizomtshela futhi ngizomnika inombolo lakho locingo.

    Busisiwe: Ngiyabonga. Ake ungikhonzele abazali bakho.

    Zanele: Ngiyakubonga. Sala kahle.

    Audio

    Vocabulary

    Zulu English
    We Zanele hey Zanele
    Uphi where is
    Udadewenu your sister
    Uye she went
    Esitolo to the shop
    Uzothenga she will buy
    Iphephandaba newspaper
    Likababa of dad (dad’s)
    Uzobuya she will come back
    Nini when
    Angazi I don’t know
    Kahle well
    Kodwa but
    Ngithi I think? I would say
    Ngo-4 at 4 o’clock
    Mtshele tell her
    Angishayele to phone me
    Ucingo telephone
    Nali here is
    Inombolo number
    Lami my
    Ngifuna I want
    Ukwazi to know
    Uma if
    Yena unebhuku she has a book
    LesiNgisi ‘of’ English
    Kulungili it is okay
    Ngizomtshela I will tell her
    Futhi and
    Ngizomnika I will give her
    Inombolo number
    Lakho your
    Locingo of the telephone
    Ngiyabonga thank you
    Ungikhonzele send my regards
    Abazali parents
    Bakho your
    Ngiyakubonga I thank you
    Sala kahle good bye

    Download

    Dialogue (pdf; 862kb)  

  • Grammar: Exercises

    Choose the right answer

    1. Abafana bathanda ukudlala namabhola babo.
      Abafana bathanda ukudlala namabhola abo.

    2. Obaba baphuza itiye lakhe.
      Obaba baphuza itiye labo.

    3. Amakhosi aya emakhaya awo.
      Amakhosi aya emakhaya abo.

    4. Inja yenu (our) isekhaya sethu.
      Inja yethu isekhaya lethu.

    5. Ugogo ufuna amakhekhe lakhe.
      Ugogo ufuna amakhekhe akhe.

    6. Uyamuzwa umama, uyakubiza.
      Uyamzwa umama, uyawubiza.

    7. Abafana bawafuna amabhola akhe.
      Abafana bayawafuna amabhola abo.

    Fill in the missing gaps 

    1. Izinja zifuna ukudla _______ (their).
    2. Sizoya esitolo ukuthenga amaswidi namakhekhe _______ (our).
    3. Lingubani igama _______ (your singular)?
    4. Udokotela ___gogo (granny’s doktor) u__nik____ umuthi, (obj.con and verb ending) ngoba uyagula.
    5. Ngi_____cela (present tense) i(li)tiye ngoba ngomile.

    Translate the following sentences either inot English or Zulu.

    1. I am going with my friend to his house to give his sister her books (amabhuku)
    2. I will go now to Dlamini to fetch (landa) our ball because we want to play with our friends at their house today.
    3. The boy hants his food because he is hungry (lambile) and he wants to eat now.
    4. Izinja zethu azifuni ukuphuza ubisi lwao kodwa zifuna ukudla inyama yazo.
    5. Umfowethu uzobuya ekhaya ngesithuthuthu sakhe.

    Download

    Exercises (pdf; 7kb)  

  • Comprehension

    Igama lami nguSphiwe Nxumalo. Ngineminyaka engu-13. Ngihlala KwaZulu enxulumeni nomndeni wami. Kukhona ugogo nobaba, nomama, nosisi uSibongile, nobhuti uDumisane noSipho.

    USibongile uhlala nami elawini lethu. Obhuti bahlala elawini labo.

    Wonke amalanga umama uyasiphekela ukudla exhibeni. Ixhiba yindlu yokupheka. Ubasa umlilo bese ubeka ibodwe oziko. Upheka uphuthu. Siyaludla namasi. Amanye amalanga upheka amazambane nemifino nenyama yenkuku noma yembuzi.

    Mina noSibongile siyamsiza umama ekhaya. Mina ngishanela ibala, noSibongile uyamthezela umama izinkuni zokubaza. Siyamsiza umama nokuhlakula emasimini. Uma ugogo efuna itiye, siyamenzela lona. Umama uya nathi emfuleni ukwakha amanzi bese siyawathela emathungeni, siyawabeka emakhandeni, siyawabuyisela ekhaya.

    Ubaba ufuya izinkomo nezimbuzi. UDumisane noSipho belusa izinkomo. Ntambama izinkomo zibuyela ekhaya bese zihlala esibayeni ebusuku. Ekuseni obhuti bayazisenga izinkomo. Ubaba usebenzisa izinkabi ukulima insimu. Ubaba ubophela izinkabi bese ulayisha umbila phezulu esihlibhi ngesikhathi evuna umbila emasimini, awubuyisele ekhaya. Uma eqeda ukugumuza umbila, uyawufaka esilulwini.

    Ngempelasonto obaba bathanda ukuphuza utshwala ophiswe ngumama. Utshwala luthelwa okhanjeni bese lukhwa nonkezo luthelwe emancishane bese lunikwa obaba.

    Umama nogogo nabantwana abaluphuzi utshwala. Bathanda ukuphuza itiye.badle namakhekhe.
     

    Questions

    1. Ngobani abahlala kwaZulu?
    2. Umama wenzani exhibeni?
    3. Amantombazane enzani?
    4. Ubaba ufuyani?
    5. Obhuti benzani ekuseni?
    6. Ubaba wenzani nezinkabi?
    7. Benzani ngempelasonto?

    Download

    Comprehension (pdf; 4mb)  

  • Vocabulary
    Zulu English
    Igama name
    Lami my (class 5)
    LinguSphiwe is Sphiwe Nxumalo
    Ngineminyaka I am (I have years)
    Engu-13 13 years (which are)
    Ngihlala I live (stay)
    KwaZulu in KwaZulu Natal
    Enxulumeni big kraal/homestead
    Nomndeni family
    Wami my (class 3)
    Kukhona there is
    Ugogo grandmother
    Nobaba father
    Nosisi sister
    USibongile uSibongile
    Nobhuti brother
    UDumisane noSipho uDumisane noSipho
    Uhlala stays
    Nami with me
    Elawini (ilawu) hut for unmarried boys/girls
    Lethu our
    Obhuti brothers
    Bahlala stay
    Elawini hut for unmarried boys/girls
    Labo their
    wonke all (every)
    Amalanga days
    Uyasiphekela cooks for us
    Ukudla food
    Exhibeni in the cooking hut
    Ixhiba cooking hut
    Yindlu is a hut
    Yokupheka to cook
    Ubasa make
    Umlilo a fire
    Bese and then
    Ubeka puts
    Ibodwe pot
    Oziko on the fireplace
    Uphekha she cooks
    Uphuthu porridge (stiff)
    Siyaludla we eat it with
    Namasi thick sour milk (like plain yogurt)
    Amanye some
    Amalanga days
    Uphekha she cooks
    Amazambane potatoes
    Nemifino and vegetables
    Nenyama and meat
    Yenkuku of chicken
    Yembuzi of goat
    Siyamsiza we are helping
    Ngishanela I sweep
    Ibala the open yard
    Uyamthezela collecting for
    Izinkuni firewood
    Zokubasa (of ‘za + uku-) to make ( ‘basa’ (to lit) does not need to be followed by the word umlilo’ (fire)
    Nokuhlakula also to weed the fields with a hoe
    Emasimini in the fields
    amanzi water
    uma when
    efuna wants
    itiye some tea
    siyamenzela make it for her
    nathi with us
    emfuleni to the river (umfula)
    ukwakha to fetch
    siyawathela pour it
    emathungeni into the buckets
    siyawabeka we put them
    emakhandeni onto the heads
    siyawabuyisela we bring them back
    ufuya he rears
    izinkomo the cattle
    nezimbuzi and goats
    belusa they heard (ba + elusa)
    izinkomo the cattle
    ntambama in the evening/at dusk
    zibuyela return
    esibayeni in the cattle-kraal
    ebusuku at night
    ekuseni in the morning
    bayazisenga they milk them
    usebenzisa he uses
    izinkabi oxen
    ukulima to plough
    insimu field
    ubophela harness, inspan
    izinkabi oxen
    ulayisha load
    phezulu on to
    esihlibhi sled
    ngesikhathi when/at the time
    evuna he harvests
    emasimini in the fields
    awubuyisele brings back
    uma when/at the time
    eqeda he finishes
    ukugumuza shell mealies (maize)
    uyawufaka puts
    esilulwini ‘mielie hut’ standing on poles, up to two metres from the ground
    ngempelasonto over weekends
    bathanda they like
    ukuphuza drink
    utshwala beer
    ophiswe brewed
    ngumama by mum
    utshwala beer
    luthelwa is poured
    okhanjeni earthenware pot
    lukhwa been taken
    nonkezo with a spoon made out of a dried calabash plant (usewla) (ladle)
    luthelwe is poured
    emancishane small beer pot
    lunikwa is given to
    abaluphuzi they don’t drink (it)
    utshwala beer
    bathanda the like
    ukuphuza to drink
    itiye tea
    badle and eating
    namakhekhe (as well as/and) biscuits

    Download

    Vocabulary (pdf; 10kb)  

  • Useful Vocabulary: Weather
    Zulu English
    Na/liyana rain/it is raining
    Vunguza /umoya uyavunguza blow strongly (wind)
    Duma/liyaduma thunder/it is thundering
    Baneka/liyabaneka lightning/it is lightning
    Banda/kuyabanda cold/it is cold
    Phola/kuyaphola cool/it is cool
    Shisa/kuyashisa it is hot
    kumakhaza it is cold
    libalele it is fine/good weather with heat
    lisithibele it is overcast
    kumnomoya it is windy
    kuyakhithika (iqwa) it is snowing
    ngithi lizona I think that it is going to rain
    izulu lihle/libi The weather is nice/bad
    kumakhaza namuhla, akunjalo? It is cold today, not so (is it not)?

    Nouns

    Zulu English
    Izulu/izulu lihle/libi weather/the weather is good/bad
    Imvula rain
    Ilanga sun
    Inyanga moon
    Inkanyezi (izin-) star (stars)
    Ifu (ama-) cloud
    Umbani lightning
    Thunder indumelo/umdumo
    Umoya wind
    Isichotho hail
    Inkungu fog
    Isithwathwa frost
    Amakhaza cold (weather)
    Iqhwa snow
    Isiphepho storm
    Isikhathi somnyaka season
    Ihlobo summer
    Ukwindla/isikhathi sokuvuna autumn/time to harvest
    Ubusika winter
    Intwasahlobo spring

    Download

    Useful vocabulary: Weather (pdf; 6kb)  

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