SOAS University of London

Virtual Zulu

Lesson 7 : The Imperative

Aims Of This Lesson

Communication :

The Imperative: positive and negative

Grammar :

The Imperative, e.g. singular: Hamba! "Go!", Musa ukuhamba! "Don’t go!", Ungahambi! "Don’t go!"

Comprehension

  • Dialogue

    Umama: Zanele, we Zanele, ukuphi?

    UZanele: Yebo mama, ngikhona phandle.

    Umama: Woza lapha kimi.

    UZanele: Ngiyeza, mama.

    Umama: We mntanami, yiya masinyane esitolo uthenge ubisi nesinkwa. Thatha le mali. Wathenge amaswidi ngale R2. Ubuyise ushintshi, uyezwa!

    UZanele: Yebo ngizwile, mama. Ngizokuthengela izinto zakho.

    Umama: Ungayi kumngane wakho manje. Ngifuna ubuye khona manje.

    Uzanele: Kulungile mama, ngizogijima, ngibuye futhi masinyane. Sala kahle mama.

    Umama: Hamba kahle Zanele.

    Audio

    Vocabulary

    Zulu English
    Zanele Zulu female name
    We hey
    Ukuphi where are you?
    Ngikhona phandle I am outside
    Ngiyeza I am coming
    Mntanami my child
    Yiya go
    Masinyane quick
    Esitolo to the shop
    Uthenge you buy
    Ubisi milk
    Nesinkwa and bread
    Thatha take
    Le this
    Mali money
    Wathenge buy (them – o/c cl. 6)
    Amaswidi sweets
    Ngale R2 with these R2
    Ubuyise bring back
    Ushintshi change
    Uyezwa do you hear me
    Ngizwile I hear you
    Ngizokuthengela I will buy you
    Izinto things
    Zakho your
    Musa ukuya Don’t go
    Kumngane to your friend
    Wakho your
    Manje now
    Ngifuna I want
    Ubuye come
    Khona manje soon
    Kulungile it is okay
    Ngizogijima I will run
    Ngibuye I come back
    Futhi also / and
    Masinyane quick

    Download

    Dialogue (pdf; 999kb)  

  • Grammar: Exercises

    Choose the correct sentence.

    1. We uTom hamba manje, abuye ntambama.
      We uTom uhambe manje, ubuye ntambama.
      We Tom hamba manje, ubuye ntambama.

    2. Musani ukenza lokhu! Hamba udlale!
      Musani ukwenza lokhu! Hambani nidlale!
      Musani ukwenza lokhu! Hambani niyadlala!

    3. Za lapha ngifuna ukukhuluma wena!
      Yiza lapha ngifuna ukukhuluma wena!
      Woza lapha ngifuna ukukhuluma nawe!

    4. Yenzani umsebenzi wenu!
      Wenzani umsebenzi wenu!
      Yenzani unsebenzi wakho!

    5. Angayi esitolo manje!
      Ungayi esitolo manje!
      Ungahambi esitolo manje!

    Write the following sentences into the Imperative (Please make sure to get the correct imperative (either negative or positive)).

    1. Abantwana baya phandle ukudlala nabangane babo.
    2. UDlamini uya kumama wakhe. Uya esitolo ukuthenga ubisi nesinkwa.
    3. USipho akadli amaswidi. Udla ukudla kwakhe.
    4. UJoyce usiza ugogo endlini. Akadlali nabangane bakhe (please use the ‘-nga-’)
    5. Izingane zenza umsebenzi wesikolo.
    6. Ingane ayiyi phakathi endlini. (negative)
    7. Umntwana wami akakhali. (negative)

    Translate the following sentences either into English or Zulu.

    1. Phumzile, come here and help (siza) me please!
    2. Children, don’t go outside now!
    3. Mum said: ‘don’t play with your brother’s ball, play with your own ball!
    4. Woza, udle ukudla kwakho!
    5. Yiyani ekhaya manje, umama wenu uyanibiza manje!
    6. Ningadla amaswidi namakhekhe manje.

    Download

    Exercises (pdf; 7kb)  

  • Comprehension

    Umama: ‘We mntanami, woza lapha ubone kwenzekeni!’

    ULindiwe: ‘Yebo mama, ukuphi?’

    Umama: ‘Ngilapha ekhishini.’

    ULindiwe: ‘Wo bo!’ Ngubani ovule le phampu?’ Ake ubheke wonke amanzi!’

    Umama: ‘Lindiwe, gijima, ubize ubaba. Ngithi usebenza ngogandaganda emasimini. Uyalima.’

    ULindiwe: ‘Baba, we baba, umama uyakubiza! Gijima! Ikhishi ligcwele amanzi! Asazi ukuthi kwenzekeni.’

    Ubaba: ‘Kulungile, ngizofika khona manje!’

    ULindiwe: ‘Ngizobuyela kumama ekhishini. Mama, ubaba uyeza.

    Ubaba: (engena ekhishini) Yelele mama, kwenzekeni lapha? Amanzi aphumaphi?

    Umama: ‘Bheka lapha, aphuma ephampini.

    Ubaba: ‘Lindiwe, landa udlawana, ngifuna ukulungisa iphampu!’

    Ulindiwe: ‘Kulungile baba. Sengilulandile baba.’

    Ubaba: Ngiyabonga. Cha-ke, sekuyalunga.

    Umama: Ngiyakubonga kakhulu. Ngishayiswe uvalo, kodwa manje ngiyajabula ngoba ubaba ukulungisile. Woza Lindiwe, sesule phansi!
     

    Questions

    1. Ngubani obiza uLindiwe?
    2. Kwenzekeni ekhishini?
    3. Ubaba usebenzaphi futhi wenzani?
    4. ULindiwe ubuyelaphi ngesikhathi eqeda ukubiza ubaba?
    5. Kufanele uLindiwe alandeni?
    6. Ngubani ozolungisa impompi?
    7. Benzani omama ngesikhathi impompi lilungile?

    Download

    Comprehension (pdf; 1727kb)  

  • Vocabulary
    Zulu English
    We mntanami Hey, my child
    Woza come
    Lapha here
    Ubone and see
    Kwenzekeni what happend
    Ukuphi? Where are you?
    Ngilapha I am here
    Ekhishini in the kitchen
    Wo bo! (exclamation) my goodness!
    Ngubani who
    Ovule opened
    Le phampu this tap
    Ake please
    Ubheke look
    wonke all
    Amanzi water
    Gijima run
    Ubize and call
    Ngithi I think
    Usebenza he works
    Ngogandaganda with the tractor
    Emasimini on the fields
    Uyalima he is planting (crops)
    Uyakubiza (mum) is calling you
    Ikhishi the kitchen
    Ligcwele is filled
    Namanzi with water
    Asazi we don’t know
    Ukuthi that
    Kwenzekeni what happened
    Kulungile it is okay
    Ngizofika I will come
    Khona manje very soon
    Ngizobuyela I will return
    Kumama to mum
    Ekhishini in the kitchen
    Uyeza (dad) is coming
    Yelele mama (exclamation) Good gracious
    Aphumaphi? Where is the water coming from?
    Aphuma the water comes from
    Landa fetch
    Udlwana pliers
    Lungisa repair (fix)
    Bheka lapha look here
    Empompini from the tap
    Kulungile it is okay
    Sengilulandile I have already fetched it (pliers)
    Sekuyalunga it is getting better / repaired
    Ngishayiswe uvalo I was scared
    Sesule wipe
    Phansi at the bottom (the floor)

    Download

    Vocabulary (pdf; 7kb)  

  • Useful Vocabulary

    Verbs

    Zulu English
    Enza do
    Hleka laugh
    Baleka run away
    Gijima run
    Shesha hurry up
    Sika cut
    Cwecwa peel
    Osa fry/grill
    Bila/bilisa boil/to boil (water)
    Basa lit a fire
    Pheka cook
    Landa fetch
    Geza wash
    Hlanza wash (washing)
    Shaya hit
    Qala start/begin
    Qeda finish
    Shanela sweep
    Khombisa show
    Phuma come out/go out
    Ngena go in/come in
    Wa fall
    Suka go away/move away
    Susa remove
    Hlala/ hlezi stay/sit/to be sitting
    Hlala phansi sit down

    Nouns

    Zulu English
    Umnyango (imi-) door (doors)
    Isikhiye (izi-) key (keys)
    Ifasitele (ama-) window (windows)
    Ikamelo (ama-) room (rooms)
    Ikamelo lokulala bedroom
    Indlu/endlini house/in, at the house
    Itafula (ama-) table (tables)
    Isitulo (izi-) chair (chairs)
    Umbhede (imi-) bed (beds)
    Ingubo (izin-) blanket (blankets)
    Umlilo fire
    Iziko/eziko fire-place/at/on the fire (pot on the fire)
    Inkuni (izin-) wood (firewood)
    Ibhodwe (ama-) pot (pots) (to be used on a fire-place)
    Imbiza (izim-) pot
    Ukhamba (izi-) clay pot
    Ibhodlela (ama-) bottle (bottles)
    Insipho soap
    Indwango (izin-) cloth (cloths)
    Indwango yetafula table cloth
    Ummese (o-) knife (knives)
    Imfologo (izim-) fork (forks)
    Ukhezo (izi-)/isipunu (izi-) spoon (spoons)
    Ithisipuni (ama-) teaspoon (-s)
    Inkomishi (izin-) cup (cups)
    Indishi (izin-) bowl (bowls)
    Isitsha (izi-) plate (plates)

    Others

    Zulu English
    Omile/ngomile thirsty (from oma = dry)/I am thirsty
    Lambile/ngilamile hungry/I am hungry
    Khathala/ngikhathele tired/I am tired
    Diniwe/Ngidiniwe tired/I am tired
    Ngijahile I am in a hurry
    Kukhona there is/there are
    Akukho lutho there is nothing

    Download

    Useful vocabulary (pdf; 8kb)  

  • Downloads