SOAS University of London

Virtual Zulu

Lesson 9 : Where and when to use the subjunctive

Aims Of This Lesson

Communication :

The use of the subjunctive

Grammar :

Where and when to use the subjunctive, e.g. kufanele 'should or ought'

bese meaning 'and then'

Comprehension

  • Dialogue

    UBetty: We Zandile, kufanele ukuthi mina ngiye ekhaya manje. Umama uthe ngibuye ngo-5. Ufuna ngimsize ekhishini.

    UZandile: Hawu uzoya ekhaya manje? Sisadlala kamnandi ngebhola lapha kithi.

    UBetty: Kodwa ngidinga ukubuyela ekhaya ngoba umama akangeke ajabule.

    UZandile: Ngiyabona futhi angifuni ukukungenisa enhlupheko nomama wakho. Ngifuna ubuye kusasa ngemuva kwedina. Uzwile!

    UBetty: Kulungile, ngizobuya kuwe ukudlala nawe kusasa. Usale kahle Zandile.

    UZandile: Hamba kahle ukhonze umndeni wakho ekhaya. Ngijabula ukukubona kusasa.

    Audio

    Vocabulary

    Zulu English
    Kufanele (you) ought/should
    Ngiye I go
    Ngibuye I return
    Ngimsize I should help her
    Ekhishini in the kitchen
    Hawu my goodness
    Uzoya you wil go
    Sisadlala we are still playing
    Kamnandi nice
    Kithi at us
    Ngidinga I need
    Ukubuyela to return
    Akangeke she will no
    Ajabule be happy (subjunctive after akazange)
    Ukukungenisa to get you into
    Enhlupheko trouble
    Ngemuva kwedina after midday (after lunch)/in the afternoon
    Uzwile do you hear (understand)
    Kuwe to you
    Nawe with you
    Usale kahle (you) stay well (good bye)
    Ukhonze gree
    Umndeni wakho your family
    Ukukubona to see you

    Download

    Dialogue (pdf; 1210kb)  

  • Exercises

    Translate the following sentences into Zulu.

    1. Come here and help me with my work.
    2. I want you to go to your uncle’s house.
    3. Every morning I go to work and work the whole day.
    4. You should sleep now. Tomorrow is Monday and you should go to school.
    5. They should not go to work today but tomorrow because there is nobody at work today.
    6. He should not play outside as it is raining but he should come inside to play with his brother.

    Choose the sentence that is without any mistakes and translate it into English.

    1. Obaba bafuna sihambe ekhaya manje ngoba kufanele simsize umama.
      Obaba bafuna siye ekhaya manje ngoba kufanele siyamsiza umama.
      Obaba bafuna siye ekhaya manje ngoba kufanele simsize umama.
       
    2. Woza kithi ngoba ngifuna ukuthi sisebenze engadini.
      Woza kithi ngoba ngifuna ukuthi sizosebenza engadini.
      Uze kithi ngoba ngifuna ukuthi sisebenze engadini.
       
    3. Kufanele akadlali ngebhola likaVeli, ngifuna athathe ibhola lami.
      Kufanele angadlali ngebhola likaVeli, ngifuna uthathe ibhola lami.
      Kufanele angadlali ngebhola likaVeli, ngifuna athathe ibhola lami.
       
    4. Nigijime, niye esikolweni nifunde isiZulu nesiNgisi!
      Gijimani, niye esikolweni nifunde isiZulu nesiNgisi!
      Gijima, niye esikolweni nifunde isiZulu nesiNgisi!
       
    5. Kusasa asizuya esikolweni ngoba asiyi ngempelasonto kodwa sizomsiza umama simsebenzele endlini naphandle.
      Kusasa asizoya esikolweni ngoba asiyi ngempelasonto kodwa sizomsiza umama simsebenzela endlini naphandle.
      Kusasa asizuya esikolweni ngoba asiyi ngempelasonto kodwa sizumsiza umama siyamsebenzele endlini naphandle.
       
    6. Utisha akafuni uJabulani ukhulume uma efunda esikolweni.
      Utisha akafuni uJabulani angakhulumi uma efunda esikolweni.
      Utisha akafuni uJabulani akhulume uma efunda esikolweni.

    Fill in the gaps.

    1. Ubaba __funa uZandile __y__ esitolo, _____thengel__ (buy him) ugwayi.
    2. We Dudu, hamba __lal__!
    3. Kufanele sisebenz___ manje, si_____dlal__. (should not play)
    4. Ngifuna nifund__ manje bese nidlal__ phandle.
    5. Namuhla sizoqala ukusebenz___ ekhaya, _____siz__ (we help her) umama.

    Download

    Exercises (pdf; 8kb)  

  • Comprehension

    Thina sisepulazini likamalume. Siyabavakashela kabili ngonyaka. Ipulazi liKwa Zulu Natal kodwa thina sihlala eGoli. Sivama ukuvakasha amaviki amabili.

    Epulazini kukhona izinto eziningi zokwenza. Sithanda ukuvuka ekuseni kakhulu. Siya phandle simsize umalume no-anti. Umalume uyasicela ukuthi simlandele izinsengwakazi enkanjini ngoba ufuna ukuzisenga. Unomshini wokusenga. Kuqala kufanele simgezele konke bese uyasenga. Uma eqedile ukusenga, kufanele sizinike izinkonyane ubisi futhi sinike amakati ubisi. Kufanele umalume uyise ubisi ku-anti ekhishini ngoba sifuna ukuphuza lona ekuseni.

    Ngesikhathi siqeda ukudla, siphumela phandle. Manje kufanele simsize u-anti nezinkukhu. Ezinye zichamusele, zinamatshwele. Mahle kakhulu. Ezinye zizalela amaqanda. Thina sithanda ukuwalanda, siwageze ngoba ayathengiswa.

    Manje sesiqedile ukusiza umalume. Sinesikhathi sokudlala. Sithanda kakhulu ukudlala nezinja zikamalume. Izinja zithanda ukudlala ngebhola, nathi sithanda ukudlala ngebhola. Uma kushisa kakhulu sithanda ukubhukuda edamini. Idamu likamalume likhulu kakhulu. Amanye amalanga sithanda ukugibela ihhashi. Asiwesabi amahhashi.

    Ngo-4 kufanele sibheke izimvu nezimbuzi zikamalume. Kufanele ziphwe ukudla. Uma siqeda lapha siya ezingulubeni sizithelele ukudla ngoba ziyakhuluphaliswa ngoba zizothengiswa. Manje kuyasengwa kanye futhi. Umalume uthengisa ubisi esitolo.

    Ebusuku sikhathele kakhulu bese silala kahle kakhulu. Hhayi, kumnandi kakhulu epulazini likamalume. Sesiyajabula ukubavakashela futhi.
     

    Questions

    1. Bathanda ukuyaph?
    2. Benzani abantwana ekuseni?
    3. Bathanda ukwenzani emini?
    4. Banika ziphi izilwane ukudla?
    5. Umalume uyenzani ngobisi?
    6. Abantwana banjani ebusuku?

    Download

    Comprehension (pdf; 3mb)  

  • Vocabulary
    Zulu English
    Sisepulazini we are at the farm
    Likamalume of uncle
    Siyabavakashela we are visting them
    Kabili twice
    Ngonyaka per year
    Ipulazi the farm
    liKwa Zulu Natal is in Kwa Zulu Natal
    sivama we tend
    izinto things
    eziningi (which are) many
    zokwenza to do
    ekuseni kakhulu early morning
    simsize we help
    uyasicela he asks us
    simlandele to fetch for him
    izinsengwakazi/inkomo milking cows/cow
    enkanjini in the camp (inkambu)
    ukuzisenga to milk them
    umshini wokusenga milking machine
    simgezele to wash for him
    izinkonyane calves
    uyise bring (from ya = y+is+e)
    nezinkukhu with the chicken
    ezinye some
    zichamusele hatched
    zinamatshwele they have little baby chicken
    mahle kakhulu they are very beautiful
    zizalela laying
    amaqanda eggs
    ayathengiswa they are being sold
    kushisa hot
    edamini in the dam
    ukugibela to ride
    ihhashi horse
    asiwesabi amahhashi we are not afraid of horses
    sibheke checking on
    izimvu nezimbuzi the sheep and the goats
    ziphwe (should) be given
    ezingulubeni to the pigs
    sizithelele pouring (giving)
    ziyakhuluphaliswa they are being fattended
    kuyasengwa kanye futhi it is being milked again
    sesiyajabula we are already happy

    Download

    Vocabulary (pdf; 7kb)  

  • Useful Vocabulary
    Zulu English
    Inhlanzi (izin-) fish
    Inyoni (izin-) bird (birds)
    Imfene (izim-) baboon (baboons)
    Inkawu (izin-) monkey (monkeys)
    Ibhubesi (ama-) lion (lions)
    Inyoka (izin-) snake (snakes)
    Inyamazane (izin-) buck (an active person can also be called this)
    Imvumbu (izim-) hippopotamus
    Unogwaja (o-) hare/rabbit
    Ubhejane (o-) rhinoceros
    Indlulamithi (izin-) giraffe
    Ingulule (izin-) cheetah
    Impisi (izim-) hyena
    Inkonkoni (izin-) wildebeest
    Inkentshane (ama-) wild-dog
    Inqe (ama-) vulture
    Imvu (izim-) sheep
    Imbuzi (izim-) goat
    Ingulube (izin-) pig
    Inkonyana (izin-) calf
    Ihhashi (ama-) horse
    Imbongolo (izim-) (udonki) donkey
    Iqhude (ama-) rooster (cock)/male bird
    Itshwele (ama-) young chicken

    Download

    Useful vocabulary (pdf; 6kb)  

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