Global commodity chains, production networks and informal work
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- Term 1
This module examines the impact of neoliberal globalisation on the industrial trajectories and production paradigms of developing regions, and maps the consequent implications of these processes in the realms of work, gender and poverty. First, it provides an outline of the earlier consensus on industrial development and analyses how the birth of the ‘globalisation project’ led to a new international division of labour and to new production paradigms. Second, the module describes and analyses these new paradigms. Particular emphasis is given to the ‘clustering’ of industrial production in local production networks in developing regions, and to the formation of globalised production circuits - today known as ‘global commodity chains’ (GCCs), ‘global value chains’ (GVCs) and/or ‘global production networks’ (GPNs). Global chains and networks are explored both with reference to manufacturing and agro-food production. Third, the module discusses the implications of the restructuring of production for labour, gender and poverty. It explains in detail contemporary processes of informalisation and feminisation of labour; it illustrates how these processes relate to poverty; and analyses the rise of global ‘social responsibility’ concerns, labour standards and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) practices, debating their implications for employment conditions in developing regions. Finally, the module highlights how all these trends and dynamics shape specific challenges for development within neoliberal ‘global’ production scenarios, and illustrates some of the main methodological challenges in the study of global production and of the informal labour circuits they incorporate.
Objectives and learning outcomes of the module
This module aims to familiarise students with the evolution of the industrial trajectories of developing countries, with the impact of different industrial strategies and practices, and with their consequences for development theory and practice in the era of neoliberal globalisation. At the end of the module, students should be able to:
- appraise the impact of neoliberal policies and globalisation on the industrial patterns in developing countries
- understand and critically assess the features of the main post-1970s industrial development models
- compare and contrast the post-1970s industrial trajectories of different industries
- relate industrial change to changes in patterns of labour and poverty
- evaluate the impact of the abovementioned changes on given development policies and practices
Teaching takes place through a weekly 2 hour lecture and 1 hour tutorial.