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Department of Anthropology and Sociology

Professor David Parkin

BA, PhD London ; Fellow British Academy

Overview

David Parkin
Department of Anthropology and Sociology

Emeritus Professor

Name:
Professor David Parkin
Email address:
Telephone:
01235 526 254
Website:
http://www.isca.ox.ac.uk/

Biography

Socio-cultural anthropology with reference to eastern Africa and the Indian Ocean littoral, with reference to religion, especially Islam, economic development, cross-cultural semantics, material culture and social evolution, and healing traditions.

PhD Publications

Publications

Monographs
  • l969 Neighbours and nationals in an African city ward California U.P., Berkeley, and Routledge and Kegan Paul, London.
  • l972 Palms, wine and witnesses: public spirit and private gain in an African farming community Chandler. San Francisco. (New edition 1994 Waveland, Ohio).
  • 1978 The cultural definition of political response: lineal destiny among the Luo of Kenya Academic Press. London and New York, (polygyny, fertility and generational change).
  • 1991 The sacred void: spatial images of work and ritual among the Giriama of Kenya Cambridge University Press. Cambridge and New York, (traditional medicine, fertility and selfhood).
Edited Monographs
  • 1975 Town and country in central and eastern Africa (with introduction and chapter). University of Oxford Press for International African Institute.
  • l982 Semantic anthropology (with introduction). ASA Monograph No. 22. Academic Press. London and New York.
  • 1985(a) The anthropology of evi1 (with introduction and chapter). Blackwel1s, Oxford. (A cross-cultural discussion of concepts of evil, including ill-health and its causes).
  • l985(b) (with Joan Maw). Swahili language and society (with join introduction and separate chapter). University of Vienna.
  • 1987 (with David Nyamwaya) Transformations of African marriage (with introduction). Manchester University Press for International African Institute. (Includes further comparative discussion of marriage, polygyny, fertility etc.).
  • l989 (with Francois Constantin) Social stratification in Swahili society (with chapter). Special issue of Africa 59,2:139-220.
  • 1992 (with E. Croll). Bush base, forest farm: culture, development and the en-vjronment (with two joint introductory chapters). Routledge. London and New York.(Contains discussion of the relationship between ecological and community change).
  • 1994 Continuity and autonomy in Swahili communities: inland influences and strategies of self-determination. Afro-Pub: Beitrage zur Afrikanistik Band 48, Universitat Wien; and School of Oriental and African Studies, London.
  • 1996 (with L. Caplan and H. Fisher) The politics of cultural performance. Berghahn. Oxford and New York. (including 10,000 word introduction entitled: Anthropology of the Bizarre.)
  • 1998 (with F. Le Guennec-Coppens). Pouvoir et autoritJ chez les Swahili. Karthala. Paris. (Introduction and chapter)
    • 2000 (a) (with Stephen C.Headley) Islamic Prayer across the Indian Ocean: Inside and Outside the Mosque:. Curzon Press (Introduction: Inside and outside the mosque: a master trope; and chapter 7: Invocation: salaa, dua, sadaka and the question of self-determination).
  • 2000 (b) (with P. Dresch and W. James (eds.)) Anthropologists in a Wider World: Essays on Field Research Berghahn, Oxford. Ch. 4: Templates, evocations and the long-term fieldworker (chapter) and Epilogue: Fieldwork Unfolding.
  • 2002 (with Ruth Barnes) Ships and the Development of Maritime Technology across the Indian Ocean. Curzon Press.
  • 2007 (with Stanley Ulijaszek). Holistic anthropology: convergences and emergences. Berghahn. Oxford and New York.Includes: Introduction and chapter entitled The visceral in the social: the crowd as paradigmatic type.
Chapters and articles
  • l966(a) Urban voluntary associations as institutions of adaptation. Man (n.s.) 1:90-95. Reprinted in P.Wilmot (ed) Sociology in Africa. Volume 2. l973 Zaria. Nigeria.
  • l966(b) Patterns of urban marriage in Kampala. Africa 36:269-85. Reprinted in C. Turnbull (ed) Africa in transition Random House. New York.
  • 1968 Medicines and men of influence. Man 3:424-39.
  • l969 Tribe as fact and fiction. In P.H. Gulliver (ed) Tradition and transition in East Africa Routledge and Kegan Paul. London.
  • l970(a) Politics of ritual syncretism. Africa 40:217-33.
  • l970(b) Anti-tribalismus in Uganda. Internationales Afrika Forum 6:369-75. Weltforum Verlag. Munich.
  • l971 Language choice in two Kampala housing estates. In W.H. Whiteley (ed) Language use and social change University of Oxford Press for International African Institute. London.
  • 1972-3 Contributions on the Luo and Giriama (with M. Parkin) in A. Molnos (ed) Cultural source materials for population planning in East Africa. Vols. 1,2 and 3. Institute of African Studies. East African Publishing House. Nairobi.
  • l974(a) Chapters 5-8 in W.H. Whiteley (ed) Language in Kenya University of Oxford Press. Nairobi and London.
  • l974(b) National independence and locat tradition in a Kenyan trading centre. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies Vol. 37:157-74 (Issue dedicated to the memory of W.H.Whiteley).
  • l974(c) Congregational and interpersonal ideologies in political ethnicity. In Abner Cohen (ed) Urban ethnicity ASA Monograph No. 12. Tavistock. London.
  • l975(a) The rhetoric of responsibility. In M. Bloch (ed) Political language and oratory in traditional society Academic Press. London and New York.
  • l975(b) Migration, settlement and the politics of unemployment. In D. Parkin (ed) Town and country in central and eastern Africa University of Oxford Press for International African Institute. London.
  • l976 Exchanging words. In B. Kapferer (ed) Exchange and meaning Institute for the Study of Human Affairs. Philadelphia.
  • l977 Stabilized and emergent multilingualism. In H. Giles (ed) Language, ethnicity and inter-group relations Academic Press. London and New York.
  • l979(a) Along the line of road. In A. Southall (ed) Rural centres in African development Special issue of Africa 49:272-82.
  • l979(b) The categorization of work: cases from coastal Kenya. In S. Wallman (ed) The anthropology of work ASA Monograph No. 19. Academic Press. London and New York.
  • l979(c) Straightening the paths from wilderness. Journal of the anthropological society of Oxford 10:147-60.
  • l980(a) The creativity of abuse (Curl lecture l979). Man 15:45-64.
  • l980(b) Kind bridewealth and hard cash: eventing a structure. In J. Comaroff (ed) The meaning of marriage payments. Academic Press. London and New York.
  • l982 Straightening the paths from wilderness: simultaneity and sequencing in divinatory speech. (see l979c). Paideuma 28:71-83.
  • l984 Political language. Annual reviews in anthropology 13:345-65.
  • l985(a) Introduction to D. Parkin (ed) The anthropology of Evil qv above.
  • l985(b) Entitling evil: Muslims and non-Muslims in coastal Kenya. In D. Parkin (ed) The anthropology of evil qv above.
  • l985(c) Introduction to J. Maw and D. Parkin (eds) Swahili language and society qv above.
  • l985(d) Being and selfhood among intermediary Swahili. In J. Maw and D. Parkin (eds) Swahili language and society qv above.
  • l985(e) Controlling the U-turn of knowledge. In R. Fardon (ed) Power and knowledge Scottish Academic Press. Edinburgh.
  • 1985(f) Reason, emotion and the embodiment of power. In J. Overing (ed) Reason and morality ASA Monograph No. 24. Tavistock. London.
  • 1986(a) Violence and will . In D. Riches (ed) The anthropology of violence Blackwell.
  • l986(b) Towards an apprehension of fear. In D. Scruton (ed) Sociophobics: the anthropology of fear Westview Press. USA.
  • l987(a) Comparison as the search for continuity. In L. Holy (ed) Comparative anthropology Blackwell. Oxford.
  • l987(b) Mythes et fantaisies post-structuralistes. In Gradhiva 2. Editions Jean-Michel Place, Paris 75005, for the Department of Archives and Ethnology, Musee de l'Homme, Paris.
  • l987(c) Introduction to D. Parkin and D. Nyamwaya (eds) Transformations of African marriage Manchester University Press qv above.
  • l988 An interview with Raymond Firth. Current anthropology 29,2.
  • l989(a) The politics of naming among the Giriama. In R.D. Grillo (ed) Social anthropology and the politics of language Sociological Review Monograph No. 36. Routledge. London and New York.
  • l989(b) Swahili Mijikenda: facing both ways in Kenya. In D. Parkin and F. Constantin (eds) Social stratification in Swahili society (see above under edited books). pp. 161-175.
  • l990 Eastern Africa: the view from the office and the voice from the field. In R. Fardon (ed) Localizing strategies: regional traditions of ethnographic writing Scottish Academic Press, Edinburgh, and Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.
  • 1991(a) Simultaneity and sequencing in the oracular speech of Kenyan diviners. In P. Peek (ed) African divination systems Indiana University Press. Bloomington.
  • l991(b) Intra- et extraversion des reseaux swahiliphones - Les Digo de Mtwapa (Kenya). In F. Le Guennec-Coppens and P. Caplan (eds) Les Swahili entre Afrique et Arabie. Credu-Karthala. Paris.
  • l991(c) Signe In P. Bonte and M. Izard (eds) Dictionnaire de l'ethnographie et de l'anthropologie Presses Universitaires de France. Paris. pp 666-667.
  • l99l (d) Att bega karlek i Afrika eller Den brottsligga passionen. Ottar No. 2 l991. pp.33-45 (ISBN 91-7998-013-9). Goteborg. Sweden.
  • l992(a) Relativity as contestation. In D. Raven, L. van Vucht Tissen and J. de Wolf (eds) Cognitive relativism and social science Transaction Publishers. New Brunswick, New Jersey.pp 149-164.
  • 1992(b) Ritual as spatial direction and bodily division. In D.de Coppet (ed) Understanding Ritual Routledge. London.
  • l992 (c)(with E. Croll) Anthropology, the environment and development. In E. Croll and D. Parkin (eds) Bush base, forest farm qv.
  • l992 (d)(with E. Croll) Cultural understandings of the environment. In E. Croll and D. Parkin (eds) Bush base, forest farm qv.
  • l992 (e) Unpacking anthropology (review article of E. Ardener "The voice of prophecy") in Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford 23 (1): 57-65.
  • l992 (f) The Nuer prophet: the personification of dialogue. In Hermine G. De Soto (ed) Culture and contradiction: dialectics of wealth, power and symbol E.M. Texts. San Francisco.
  • l993 Nemi in the modern world: return of the exotic? Man 28 (1):79-99 (Frazer Lecture, delivered at the University of Oxford, November l991).
  • 1994(a) Maulidi: Wahabism, bida and other mind-body divisions in Islam. In S. Heald and A. Deluz (eds) Anthropology and Psychoanalysis Routledge. London.
  • 1994(b) Sadaka: focus of contradictory continuity. In D. Parkin (ed) Continuity and autonomy in Swahili communities (qv supra).
  • l994 ©Language, government and the play on purity and impurity: Arabic, Swahili and the vernaculars in Kenya. In R. Fardon and G. Furniss (eds) African languages, development and the state Routledge. London.
  • 1994 (d) Introduction to D. Parkin (ed) Continuity and autonomy in Swahili communities (qv. supra).
  • 1995(a) Disputing human passion: the negotiation of the meaning of love among the Giriama of Kenya. In P. Caplan (ed). Understanding disputes. Berg. Oxford.
  • 1995(b) Latticed knowledge: elimination and the dispersal of the unpalatable in Islam, medicine and anthropological theory. In R. Fardon (ed) Counterwork: managing knowledge in its diversity Routledge. London and New York.
  • 1995(c) Blank banners and Islamic consciousness in Zanzibar. In Anthony Cohen and N.Rapport (eds.) Questions of Consciousness. ASA Monograph. Routledge, London.
  • 1997. Entry entitled Ethnicity and identity in eastern Africa. For The encyclopaedia of sub-Saharan Africa Edited J. Middleton. Simon and Schuster. New York.
  • 1998. Entries. The dictionary of anthropology Edited T.J. Barfield. Blackwell.
  • 1999 (a) Mementoes as transitional objects in human displacement. Journal of Material Culture. Vol. 4. No 3. 303-20.
  • 1999 (b) Suffer many healers. Conclusion to J.Hinnells and R. Porter (eds.) Religion, Health and Suffering Kegan Paul. London.
  • 2000 (a) Islam among the humors: destiny and agency among the Swahili. In I. Karp and D. Masolo (eds) African philosophy as cultural enquiry. Indiana UP: Bloomington.
  • 2000 (b). The power of incompleteness: innuendo in Swahili women’s dress. In B. Masquelier and J-L Siran (eds) Pour une anthropologie de l’interlocution: rhétoriques du quotidien Paris. L’Harmattan.
  • 2000 (c) Inside and outside the mosque: a master trope. In D. Parkin and S. Headley (eds). Islamic prayer across the Indian Ocean. London. Curzon.
  • 2000 (d) Invocation: salaa, dua, sadaka and the question of self-determination.  In D. Parkin and S. Headley (eds). Islamic prayer across the Indian Ocean. London. Curzon.
  • 2000 (e) Templates, evocations and the long-term fieldworker. In P. Dresch, W. James and D. Parkin (eds.)) Anthropologists in a Wider World: Essays on Field Research Berghahn, Oxford.
  • 2000 (f) Epilogue: Fieldwork Unfolding. In P. Dresch, W. James and D. Parkin (eds.)) Anthropologists in a Wider World: Essays on Field Research Berghahn, Oxford.
  • 2001. Escaping cultures: the paradox of cultural creativity. In J. Liep (ed) Locating cultural creativity. London. Pluto Press.
  • 2002. Preface to D. Parkin and R. Barnes (eds). Ships and the Development of Maritime Technology across the Indian Ocean. Curzon Press.
  • 2003 The commercialisation of biomedicine and the politics of flight in Zanzibar, Tanzania. In R. Cohen (ed). Migration and health in southern Africa. Capetown. Van Shaik Publications. (see also below 2005).
  • 2004 (a) Textile as commodity, dress and text: Swahili kanga and women’s statements. In R. Barnes (ed). Textiles in Indian Ocean Societies. Curzon Routledge.
  • 2004 (b) In the nature of human landscape: provenances in the making of Zanzibari politics. In J. Clammer. S. Poirier and E. Schwimmer (eds). Figured worlds: ontological obstacles in intercultural relations. University of Toronto Press.
  • 2004 (c). Introduction to reissue of A.W. Southall. Alur Society (1956). Lit Verlag.
  • 2005 The commercialisation of biomedicine and the politics of flight in Zanzibar.. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. (Reprinted from Parkin 2003 above).
  • 2007. Art that dances and art that patrols: two groups in Zanzibar. In R. Loimeier and R. Seesman. The global worlds of the Swahili. Lit Verlag. Berlin.
  • 2007. In touch without touching: Islam and healing. In R. Littlewood (ed.). On knowing and not knowing in the anthropology of medicine. Left Coast Press. Walnut Creek. CA. pp. 194 - 219.
  • 2007: Wafting on the wind: smell and the cycle of spirit and matter. In a special issue of the Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute. Edited by Elisabeth Hsu and Chris Low.
  • (2007). The accidental in religious instruction: ideas and convictions. In D. Berliner and R. Sarro (eds). Learning religion. Berghahn. Oxford and New York.
  • 2007. Introduction and chapter entitled The visceral in the social: the crowd as paradigmatic type. In D. Parkin and S. Ulijaszek (co-eds). Holistic anthropology: emergence and convergence. Berghahn. Oxford and New York.

Affiliations

University of Oxford, School of Anthropology Emeritus for life; SOAS Honorary Fellow Emeritus life; Max-Planck-Institute, Goettingen (Germany) until 31 December 2010. All Souls College, Oxford.

Research

University of Oxford

Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology
School of Anthropology & Museum Ethnography

Research interests:
  • Islam and medicine, with particular reference to Swahili-speaking
    peoples of East Africa.
  • Ethnography and history of the Swahili-speaking peoples of East
    Africa.
  • The relationship of language development and the expression of the
    senses and emotions cross-culturally and in human evolution.
  • The development of a new materiality in anthropology (from objects
    to human density and scale).
  • Medical anthropology and the interpenetration of the social and the
    biological (with Elisabeth Hsu and Stanley Ulijaszek respectively).
  • Indian Ocean studies (with Zulfikar Hirji).
  • Human fertility and reproduction (with Soraya Tremayne).
  • The Interactive Mind (on the developing human interrelationships of
    mind, body and objects with Nigel Thrift, Chris Gosden and others).

Current (with Max-Planck-Institute, Goettingen, Germany): medical diversity