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Centre for Development Policy and Research

Dr Robtel Neajai Pailey

BA (Howard), BA (Howard), MSc (Oxford), PhD (London)


Robtel Pailey
Centre of African Studies


Centre for Development Policy and Research (CDPR)

Research Partner

Centre for Migration and Diaspora Studies


Violence, Peace and Development Research Cluster

Research Cluster Member

Migration, Mobility and Development Research Cluster

Research Cluster Member

Dr Robtel Neajai Pailey
Email address:
Thesis title:
The Love of Liberty Divided Us Here? Factors Leading to the Introduction and Postponement in Passage of Liberia’s Dual Citizenship Bill
Year of Study:


Robtel Neajai Pailey is a Liberian academic, activist and author. 

PhD Research

My thesis scrutinises the markers of citizenship, narrowly defined in Liberia’s current Aliens and Nationality Law, how citizenship is currently conceived of and practiced domestically and transnationally, and the symbiotic relationship between (dual) citizenship and post-war recovery.

Having never been formally colonised and more recently emerging from 14 years of intermittent armed conflict, Liberia represents a stark case study in citizenship construction because of its idiosyncratic history of black settler state formation. Because ‘Liberian citizenship’ has historically been a tool of exclusion—once barring women, non-settlers, non-Christians, and non-blacks—it remains a violently contested space of inquiry with newer forms of citizenship now developing in Liberia and within transnational spaces.

In this thesis, I argue that conflict, migration, globalisation and post-war recovery have configured and reconfigured ‘Liberian citizenship’ across space and time, thereby influencing the introduction and postponement in passage of a dual citizenship bill proposed in 2008*.  The bill is used as a point of entry to evaluate Liberia’s long-standing struggle to construct a unique brand of citizenship that is totalising, tactical and timeless.

My findings show that contemporary constructions of ‘Liberian citizenship’ transcend the legal, textbook definition enshrined in the country’s Aliens and Nationality Law—moving from passive, identity-based citizenship to more active, practice-based citizenship. Thus, claims for and counter-claims against dual citizenship are manifestations of the hybridity of citizenship (identity + practice). Using actor-oriented analysis as my theoretical framework, I examine the interfaces between 202 Liberian interviewees—namely, homeland Liberians in Monrovia; Liberian diasporas in London, Washington, Freetown, and Accra; permanent and circular returnees; executive and legislative members of government, including the four sponsors of the proposed dual citizenship bill—showing that their conceptualisations of 'Liberian citizenship' differ according to their lived experiences and social locations, and ultimately influence participation, or lack thereof, in post-war recovery.

Given the dynamic trends in citizenship configuration across the globe and particularly in Africa, my findings fill gaps in the growing body of literature on citizenship and participation in emigrant-sending countries. The thesis further contributes to debates about how to rebuild states whose wars were fuelled by the politicisation of identity.

*If enacted, the bill would enable Liberian citizen women to pass on citizenship to their children as well as grant dual citizenship to Liberians by birth who naturalised elsewhere (or have aspirations to naturalise), and those born outside of Liberia to Liberian citizen parents, respectively.

PhD Publications

Horst, Cindy, Lubkemann, Stephen, and Pailey, Robtel Neajai (2015) (co-authored forthcoming
book chapter). “Diaspora Humanitarianism: The Invisibility of a Third Humanitarian Domain” in Zeynep Sezgin and Dennis Dijkzeul (eds.) The New Humanitarians: Principles and Practice. New York, New York: Routledge.

Pailey, Robtel Neajai (2014). “Patriarchy, Power Distance, and Female Presidency in Liberia” in Baba G. Jallow (ed.) Leadership in Post-Colonial Africa. London, England: Palgrave MacMillan: 175-196.

Pailey, Robtel Neajai (2014). “SDI’s 10-year Positive Peace Crusade.” Monrovia, Liberia: Sustainable Development Institute.

Pailey, Robtel Neajai (2013). “Why Liberia’s Proposed Dual Citizenship Legislation Should Be Based on Evidence, and Not Sentiments.” African Arguments, 18 July: http://africanarguments.org/2013/07/18/why-liberia%E2%80%99s-proposed-dual-citizenship-legislation-should-be-based-on-evidence-not-sentiments-by-robtel-neajai-pailey  

Pailey, Robtel Neajai (2012). "Going Home the Same Way They Came: Buduburam on My Mind as D-Day Nears." Frontpage Africa Newspaper, 14 June: http://www.frontpageafricaonline.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=3389:going-home-the-same-way-they-came-buduburam-on-my-mind-as-d-day-approaches-liberian-refugees&catid=46:feature-article&Itemid=120

Pailey, Robtel Neajai (2011). “Evaluating the Dual Citizenship/State-building/Nation-building Nexus in Liberia.” Liberian Studies Journal (36) 1: 1-24. (Republished on Pambazuka News: http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/87998)

PhD Conferences

November 2013: Africa-UK Seminar on Effective Collaboration between the UK Academic Community and African Diasporas (in London, England). Presentation: “Diasporas and Development: Opportunities and Challenges”

May 2013: Mo Ibrahim Foundation Residential School on Governance (in Accra, Ghana). Presentation I: “Liberia’s Diasporas as Governance and Development Actors”. Presentation II: “Evaluating the Nexus between Transnational Citizenship and Governance”

May 2012: 42nd St. Gallen Symposium (in St. Gallen, Switzerland). Presentation: “The African Uprising between Social Risks and Economic Opportunities”

March 2012: 44th Annual Liberian Studies Association (LSA) Conference (in Ithaca, New York). Paper Presentation: “Evaluating the Dual Citizenship/State-building/Nation-building Nexus in Liberia”


Liberian Studies Association: http://www.onliberia.org/lsa_index.htm


Migration and Development (Graduate Teaching Assistant; 2013/14)


Book Chapters

Pailey, Robtel Neajai (2014) 'Patriarchy, Power Distance, and Female Presidency in Liberia.' In: Jallow, Baba G. , (ed.), Leadership in Post-Colonial Africa: Trends Transformed by Independence. London, England: Palgrave MacMillan, pp. 169-187. (Palgrave Studies in African Leadership)

Pailey, Robtel Neajai (2010) 'Craft and Concerns in Helene Cooper’s The House at Sugar Beach.' In: Makokha, JKS and Barasa, Remmy and Daramola, Adeyemi , (eds.), Tales, Tellers and Talemaking: Critical Studies on Literary Stylistics and Narrative Styles in Contemporary African Literature. Berlin, Germany: Verlag Dr. Mueller (VDM), pp. 169-183.

Pailey, Robtel Neajai (2007) 'Slavery Ain’t Dead, It’s Manufactured in Liberia’s Rubber.' In: Manji, Firoze and Bond, Patrick, (eds.), From the Slave Trade to ‘Free' Trade: How Trade Undermines Democracy and Justice in Africa. Nairobi, Kenya and Oxford, England: Fahamu, pp. 77-83.

Horst , Cindy and Lubkemann, Stephen and Pailey, Robtel Neajai 'Diaspora Humanitarianism: The Invisibility of a Third Humanitarian Domain.' In: Sezgin, Zeynep and Dijkzeul, Dennis, (eds.), The New Humanitarians: Principles and Practice. New York, New York: Routledge. (Forthcoming)


Pailey, Robtel Neajai (2014) '2014 Ebola Outbreak Exposes Large Gaps in Financing Adequate Healthcare in West African Countries.' Development Viewpoint (82). pp. 1-2.

Pailey, Robtel Neajai (2011) 'Evaluating the Dual Citizenship/State-building/Nation-building Nexus in Liberia.' Liberian Studies Journal, 36 (1). pp. 1-24.

Pailey, Robtel Neajai (2007) 'A Diaspora Returns: Liberia Then and Now.' Humanitas, 9 (1). pp. 3-35.

This list was generated on Mon Nov 30 00:36:17 2015 GMT.