SOAS University of London

Department of Politics and International Studies

Professor William Hale

BA/MA Oxon 1962/64, PhD Australian National University, 1966
  • Teaching
  • Research
  • Publications


William Hale
Professor William Hale
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William Hale is an Emeritus Professor, having retired as Professor of Politics with Special Reference to Turkey in 2006.

Before joining the Department in 1989 he was Lecturer, then Senior Lecturer, in Politics of the Middle East in the Department of Politics, University of Durham (1967-89). Since retiring from SOAS he has served as Visiting Professor, in the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Sabanc─▒ University, Istanbul (2007-9), in the Department of Politics, University of Otago, New Zealand (2010) and in the Department of International Relations, Koç University Istanbul (2010-13).

His main interests are the modern politics and international relations of Turkey.

His recent publications include Turkey, the United States and Iraq (Saqi Books, for London Middle East Institute, 2006), Islamism, Democracy and Liberalism in Turkey, The Case of the AKP (co-authored with Ergun Özbudun, Routledge, 2011) and Turkish Foreign Policy since 1774 (Routledge, 2012):



Modern History and Politics of Turkey

Current areas of research are Turkey’s politics and attempts to establish a new constitution, and Turkish foreign policy towards the Middle East.


Authored Books

Hale, William (2005) Turkey, the United States and Iraq. London: London Middle East Institute (UK).

Hale, William (2002) Turkish Foreign Policy 1774-2000. Frank Cass (UK).

Hale, William (2000) Turkish Foreign Policy 1774-2000. Frank Cass (London).


Hale, William (2022) 'Turkey’s energy dilemmas: changes and challenges'. Middle Eastern Studies, (58) 3, pp 452-466.

Hale, William (2003) 'Human Rights, The European Union and the Turkish Accession Process'. Turkish Studies, (vol. 4), pp 107-126.

Book Chapters

Hale, William (2003) 'Human Rights, the European Union and the Turkish Accession Process'. In: Carkoglu, A and Rubin, B, (eds.), Turkey and the European Union. London: Frank Cass, pp 107-26.

Hale, William (2002) 'Democracy and the Party System in Turkey'. In: Beeley, Brian, (ed.), Turkish Transformation: New Century, New Challenges. Huntingdon: Eothen. UK, pp 165-97.

Hale, William and Avci, G (2001) 'Turkey and the European Union: the Long Road to Membership'. In: Rubin, B and Kiirisci, K, (eds.), Turkey in World Politics: an Emerging Regional Power. Lytnne Rienner (Boulder Col.), pp 93-114.

Hale, William (2000) 'Turkey: Economic Issues and Foreign Policy'. In: Makovsky, Alan, (ed.), Turkey's New World: Changing Dynamics in Turkish Foreign Policy. Washington, DC: Washington Institute for Near East Policy, pp 20-38.

Hale, William (1998) 'Turkey and Transcaucasia'. In: Menashri, David, (ed.), Central Asia Meets the Middle East. London: Frank Cass, pp 150-67.

Hale, William (1997) 'Turkey'. In: Sayigh, Yezid and Shlaim, Avi, (eds.), The Cold War and the Middle East. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp 250-278.


This list was last generated on Thursday, 19th May 2022, 13:02 Europe/London.