SOAS University of London

Department of Development Studies

Dr Zoë Marriage

BA (Oxon); MSc, PhD (LSE); MMus (Bath Spa); SFHEA
  • Overview
  • Teaching
  • Expertise
  • Publications


Zoë Marriage
Department of Development Studies

Reader in Development Studies; Learning & Teaching Coordinator

Centre on Conflict, Rights and Justice


Violence, Peace and Development Research Cluster

Research Cluster Convenor

Dr Zoë Marriage
Email address:
020 7898 4437
SOAS University of London
Thornhaugh Street, Russell Square, London WC1H 0XG
Russell Square: College Buildings
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Zoë Marriage has degrees from Oxford University (BA) and the London School of Economics (MSc and PhD). She has researched extensively in countries affected by conflict in Africa and is the author of Not Breaking the Rules, Not playing the game. International Assistance to Countries at War (2006, Hurst & co). More recently Zoë has focused on the relationship between security and development in the Democratic Republic of Congo, publishing on demobilisation and the imposition and pursuit of security (Formal Peace and Informal War, Routledge 2013). She is currently working on a political economy of capoeira, the Brazilian dance-fight-game, which you can follow via her Capoeira and Security Blog.

As the programme convenor for MSc Violence, Conflict and Development Zoë also writes the Violence, Conflict & Development @ SOAS Blog, a convenor's-eye view of the MSc Violence, Conflict and Development (VCD) programme.


Programmes Convened
Modules Taught
PhD Students supervised
  • Bilge Sahin, Bringing Justice to the People: Examining International Assistance to the DR Congo’s Judiciary and Its Impacts on Sexual Violence Crimes and Gender Power Relations in North-Kivu
  • Catarina Inverso, From War to Peace as Conflict goes on: Reinventing the state of ignoring it? Assessing the activities of armed groups and trading networks in the border regions of DRC, Uganda and South Sudan (working title)
  • Dariusz Dziewanski, Institutionalized violence? Examining the role of informal institutions in armed violence in South Africa
  • Hisae Kato, Jobs for Peace?: Labour Relations, Gender and Peacebuilding in Sudan
  • Hugh Lamarque, Insulating the Borderland: Policing practice in African frontiers
  • Nicholas Pope, (Dis)ordering functions of paramilitary groups in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2000-2017)
  • Nina Salsotto Cassina, Documenting resistance movements in the DRC: sites, forms and explanations (working title)
  • Richard F. Akum, Order, Authority and Social Control: Borderland Dynamics and Postwar Statebuilding in Liberia


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Available for
Regional Expertise
  • Africa
Country Expertise
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo


Authored Books

Marriage, Zoe (2013) Formal Peace and Informal War. Security and Development in Congo. Abingdon: Routledge.

Marriage, Zoe (2006) Not Breaking the Rules. Not Playing the Game. International Assistance to Countries at War. London: Hurst & Company.

Marriage, Zoe (2006) Challenging aid in Africa. Principles, Implementation, and Impact. USA: Palgrave MacMillan.


Marriage, Zoe (2018) 'The Elephant in the Room: Off-shore companies, liberalisation and extension of presidential power in DR Congo'. Third World Quarterly, (39) 5, pp 889-905.

Marriage, Zoe (2017) 'Evading biopolitical control: Capoeira as total resistance'. Global Society, (32) 3, pp 263-280.

Marriage, Zoe (2013) 'Compliance vs the ragged threat: problem-solving security in the Democratic Republic of Congo'. Civil Wars, (15) 1, pp 19-36.

Marriage, Zoe (2012) 'Capoeira and security: the view from upside-down'. openDemocracy/openSecurity.

Marriage, Zoe (2011) 'Divisive ‘commonality’: state and insecurity in the Democratic Republic of Congo'. Third World Quarterly, (32) 10, pp 1891-1910.

Marriage, Zoe (2010) 'Congo Co.: Aid and Security'. Journal of Conflict, Security & Development, (10) 3, pp 353-377.

Marriage, Zoe (2008) 'Review article of recent literature on the Democratic Republic of Congo. (Nzongola-Ntalaja: The Congo from Leopold to Kabila, Trefon (ed): Reinventing Order in the Congo, and Clark (ed): The African Stakes of the Congo War)'. Historical Materialism, (15) 4.

Marriage, Zoe (2008) 'Ambiguous Agreements: Aid in Negotiating processes'. Journal of Conflict, Security and Development, (8) 1, pp 1-13.

Marriage, Zoe (2008) 'Congo Basics'. fRoots. The Essential Worldwide Roots Music Guide, (304), pp 43-45.

Marriage, Zoe (2007) 'Flip-flop rebel, dollar soldier; Demobilisation in the Democratic Republic of Congo'. Conflict, Security and Development, (7(2)).

Marriage, Zoe (2006) 'The Comfort of Denial: External Assistance in Southern Sudan'. Development and Change, (37) 3, pp 479-500.

Marriage, Zoe (2006) 'Defining Morality: DFID and the Great Lakes'. Third World Quarterly, (27) 3, pp 477-90.

Marriage, Zoe (2005) 'Shame and Assistance - Does It Help?'. Civil Wars, (7) 4, pp 357-76.

Book Chapters

Marriage, Zoe (2016) 'Conflict and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa'. In: Hooks, Gregory, (ed.), Sociology of Development Handbook. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Marriage, Zoe (2016) 'Aid to Rwanda: Unstoppable Rock, Immovable Post'. In: Hagmann, Tobias and Filip, Reyntjens, (eds.), Aid and authoritarianism in Africa. Development without democracy. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, pp 44-66.

Marriage, Zoe (2016) 'Peace and the Killing: Compatible Logics in the Democratic Republic of the Congo'. In: Anderton, Charles and Brauer, Jurgen, (eds.), Economic Aspects of Genocide, Mass Killing, and Their Prevention. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Marriage, Zoe (2015) 'The Democratic Republic of Congo'. In: Frame, Ian, (ed.), Africa South of the Sahara 2016 (45th edition). London: Routledge.

Marriage, Zoe (2015) '"Grande Mestre": Longing and celebration in Capoeira Angola (Brazil)'. In: Harris, Rachel and Pease, Rowan, (eds.), Pieces of the Musical World: Sounds and Cultures. Abingdon: Routledge.

Marriage, Zoe (2014) 'The Democratic Republic of Congo'. In: Frame, Ian, (ed.), Africa South of the Sahara 2015 (44th edition). Abingdon: Routledge.

Marriage, Zoe (2012) 'The Case of the FDLR in Congo: A Facade of Collaboration?'. In: Giustozzi, Antonio, (ed.), Post-Conflict Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration: bringing state-building back in. London: Ashgate, pp 87-98.

Marriage, Zoe (2010) 'Many conflicts, one peace: Congo’s economy and global security'. In: Padayachee, Vichnu, (ed.), The Political Economy of Africa. Abingdon: Routledge, pp 301-316.

Marriage, Zoe (2009) 'Flip-flop rebel, dollar soldier; Demobilisation in the Democratic Republic of Congo'. In: Berdal, Mats and Ucko, David, (eds.), Reintegrating Armed Groups After Conflict. London and New York: Routledge, pp 119-143.

Marriage, Zoe (2009) 'Children and War'. In: Hindman, Hugh D, (ed.), The World of Child Labor: An Historical and Regional Survey. Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe, Inc..

Monographs and Working Papers

Marriage, Zoe (2012) La violence du pouvoir, l'exclusion des civils et le M23. Open Democracy/ Open Security.

Marriage, Zoe (2012) Violent power, civilian exclusion and the M23. Open Democracy.

Marriage, Zoe (2008) Reading Wars Actively. London: African Arguments.

Marriage, Zoe (2007) Dialogues No.3: Fragile States. London: Medecins Sans Frontieres.

Conference Items

Marriage, Zoe (2007) 'From national security to human security — less of the same in Congo?' In: From Conflict to Regional Stability – Linking Security and Development, 5-7 November 2007, Madrid.


This list was last generated on Monday, 17th June 2019, 04:00 Europe/London.