Mr Paul Schulte

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Key information

Research Associate
BSc. Economics (LSE)


Paul Schulte is a nonresident senior associate in the Carnegie Nuclear Policy Program and at Carnegie Europe, where his research focuses on the future of deterrence, nuclear strategy, nuclear nonproliferation, cyber security, and their political implications.

Schulte is a Research Associate in the Disarmament and Globalisation Program at the University of London’s School of Oriental and African Studies. Additionally he is a senior visiting fellow at both the Centre for Defense Studies at King’s College at the University of London and the Centre for the Study of Global Governance at the London School of Economics and Political Science.

He previously served as chief speechwriter to two UK defense secretaries (2006–2007), as director of proliferation and arms control for the UK Ministry of Defence, and as UK commissioner on the UN commissions for Iraqi disarmament, UNSCOM and UNMOVIC (1997–2002).

He also worked in Iraq’s Coalition Provisional Authority as director of defense organization in the Office of National Security Affairs (2004), the office responsible for rebuilding the Iraqi Ministry of Defense, and was founding head of the UK’s Post Conflict Reconstruction Unit (2004–2005) involved in planning the initial integrated British civil-military campaign in Helmand province in Afghanistan.

Research interests

  • Ethical and aspects of conflict and disarmament and consequences for the political sustainability of various security choices
  • The future of Just War Theory and the implications of emerging technologies;
  • Non-proliferation and verification
  • The history, future and interpenetration of terrorist psychologies, ideologies and methods
  • Intervention, Stabilisation and counterinsurgency
  • Media treatments of conflict
  • Nuclear history and deterrence theory
  • NATO nuclear posture and doctrine
  • Cyber security and cyber deterrence
  • National Strategic Cultures



  • "Motives and Methods of Future Political Violence: Landscapes of the Early 21st Century" in "Hype or Reality?  The "New Terrorism" and Mass Casualty Attacks" edited by Brad Roberts, the Chemical and Biological Arms Control Institute Alexandria Virginia, 2000
  • "Intelligence and Weapons Proliferation in a Changing World" in "Agents for Change: Intelligence Services in the 21st-Century" edited by Harold Shukman, St Ermin's Press 2000
  • "I am Osama bin Laden” Royal United Service Institute Journal London October 2002
  • "Uncertain Diagnosis: Megalomaniacal Hyper-Terrorism and an Unending War for the Future?" 
  • "Globalisation and the New Terror: the Asia-Pacific Dimension" edited by David Martin Jones, Edward Elgar Publishing 2004
  • “Augustine and Aquinas meet Chemical Ali: The Application of Just War Theory to Rogue Regimes, WMD, and Hyper Terrorism" in "The Price of Peace: Just War in the 21st-Century" edited by Charles Reed and David Ryall , Cambridge University Press 2007
  • “Universal Vision or Bounded Rationality?"  , in the May 2007 Special Edition of International Affairs on Global Nuclear Order
  • "Just Wars of the Future" Royal United Services Institute Journal    August 2008
  • “US Nonproliferation Policy -Selected Possibilities for a New Presidency" US Defence Threat Reduction Agency WMD Insights: December 2008/January 2009 issue
  • "Diminishing the Coming Thunder: The Case for Controlling Volumetric Munitions" in World Defence Systems  October 2009 Issue
  • "Stymieing Leviathan: how Nonstate Actors Can Deter States - A Very Short Practical Handbook" A chapter in "Deterrence in the 21st Century: Proceedings" Royal United Services Institute/US Air Force Research Institute /Kings College London 2011
  • "UK Policy Positions on the Future of Nuclear Non-Proliferation” A chapter in a joint UK (RUSI)/consortium of Chinese Think Tanks publication on preparing for the 2010 NPT Review Conference
  • Joint editor (with David Martin Jones and Ann Lane) of "Terrorism, Security and the Power of Informal Networks" Edward Elgar 2010 Going Off the Reservation into the Sanctuary: Cross-Border Counterterrorist Operations, Fourth Generation Warfare and the Ethical Insufficiency of Contemporary Just War Thinking”A chapter in" Just War against Terrorism?" A collection of essays from the Council on Christian Approaches to Defence and Disarmament Ashgate Publishing 20010/11
  • "A UK perspective on the future of Extended Deterrence" Paper for the Fondation de Recherche Stratégique , Paris , Proliferation Series
  • "Reflections on the Future of Nuclear Arms Control in 2011" A chapter in a joint Chinese and English publication by the Sino-UK Think Tanks Forum on Security and Strategy International Non Proliferation, and World Security