School of History, Religions and Philosophies & Centre of Jaina Studies

Exploratory Survey of the Jaina Heritage in Pakistan


In and after 1947, almost the entire, already diminished, Jain community migrated out of newly born Pakistan leaving much of its tangible religious and cultural heritage unprotected while the legacy in form of scriptures, temples, historical monuments, archaeological sites and buried antiquity was still largely unmapped. From the partition of subcontinent till now considerable research work has been done in India to document and preserve Jain heritage while there is still no visible activity in Pakistan in this regard except a few research articles and notes here and there.

The aim of the project, sponsored through a gift of Baron Dilip Mehta, is to enhance understanding of the Jain heritage in Pakistan.


Jainism has a long history in the region of modern Pakistan right from the early historic period. No study has been conducted so far to systematically document this material heritage. Thus it was felt necessary to launch a research project to map and document the Jain heritage of Pakistan. At the first stage a comprehensive survey based on a literature and archival review and a pilot study on the surviving Jaina funerary monuments in Pakistan will be done to provide a solid background for further investigations and heritage mapping. Later, on the basis of its outcome the project is planned to be expanded and combined with conservation projects.


  • Dr Peter Flügel, principal investigator and lead collaborator
  • Dr Tahira Saeed, Deputy Director (BPS-18) National Archives of Pakistan, Islamabad, co-investigator
  • Dr Mirza Naseer Ahmad, Deputy Director Nazarat Taleem and HoD Earth Sciences Department, Nusrat Jahan College (NJC) collaborator and project manager
  • Muzaffar Ahmad (NJC), research officer
  • Ahtesham Aziz Chaudhary, Research Officer at Lahore Museum, collaborator



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