SOAS University of London

Department of the Languages and Cultures of the Near and Middle East

Mohammed Gamal Metawea

BA (Al-Azhar University), MA (Durham)
  • Teaching
  • Research


Mohammed Metawea
Near and Middle East Section, School of Languages, Cultures and Linguistics

Postdoctoral Researcher in Islamic Studies

Mohammed Gamal Metawea
Email address:
(020 7898) 4297
Office No:
Academic Support Hours:
Tuesdays 1-3 and Wednesdays 12-2
Internal Supervisors


Gamal is a tenured faculty member at Al-Azhar University, Cairo. He teaches: Theology, Philosophy of Religion and Comparative Theology. Mohammed completed his MA in Catholic Theology at the University of Durham, U.K, funded by the British Chevening Scholarship. As for his PhD project, it was sponsored by Al-Azhar-U.K Religious Studies Scholarship. His PhD thesis studied the theology of salvation between Catholicism and Ash‘arism across three historical phases: formative, mediaeval and modern. The formative phase studied the possibility of salvation of the other from epistemological as well as soteriological outlooks. The second part probes how these concepts were respectively developed in mediaeval Catholicism, represented in Aquinas (d. 1274), and in mediaeval Ashʿarism, represented in al-Ghazālī (d. 505 H/1111 CE). The third part turns to modern Catholicism, examining particularly the engagement of Loius Massignon (d. 1962) and Karl Rahner (d. 1984) with Vatican II’s teachings on Islam. It explores these in comparison to modern Ashʿarism, represented by Muhammad ʿAbduh (d. 1905), Mahmūd Shaltūt (d. 1963), Abdel Halīm Mahmūd (d. 1978); and their impact on Al-Azhar’s modern theology of salvation.

Gamal has recently been offered a post-doctoral research fellowship from the Centre of Islamic Studies at SOAS. His post-doctoral research project comes as a continuation to his PhD thesis. It deals with the question of how the Quran uses the term kufr (disbelief), attempting to examine the question of whether Jews and Christians go under this category and how this shapes the Muslim’s worldview toady. Navigating through the tafsīr literature, the project takes a thematic approach to the Quran.


1. 'Muhammad Abu Zahra's Muslim Theology of Religions', in the Religious Imaginations: How Narratives of Faith are Shaping Today's World (London: Gingko Library, December 2018).

2. 'If one faith is true, does this mean all others are false?', in the Inter-religious Insights Journal (London: World Congress of Faith (WCF), December 2017). The winning script in the 2017 annual essay competition.

3. Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History 1500-1900, Minhat al-Qarib al-Mujib fi al-Radd 'ala Ubbad al-Salib (31129), by Abdul-‘Aziz b. al-Shaykh Hamad b. Nasir Al Mu'ammar. (Under publication: Brill).


  • Al-Azhar University, Egypt

  • British Council, Egypt



  • Comparative Religion
  • Comparative Theology
  • Theology of Religions
  • kalām
  • Philosophy of Religion
  • Islamic Political Theory