SOAS University of London

Department of the Languages and Cultures of the Near and Middle East

Mohammed Gamal Metawea

BA (Al-Azhar University), MA (Durham)
  • Overview
  • Teaching
  • Research


Mohammed Metawea
Mohammed Gamal Metawea
Email address:
Academic Support Hours:
Tuesdays 2-4pm
Thesis title:
Salvation in the Islamic Tradition in conversation with Christian discussion of Exclusivism, Inclusivism and Pluralism
Internal Supervisors



Mohammed is a Tenured Faculty Member at Al-Azhar University, Cairo. He teaches: Theology, Philosophy of Religion and Comparative Theology. He completed has MA in Catholic Theology at the University of Durham, U.K, funded by the British Chevening Scholarship. His PhD project traces the historical development of the theology of salvation between Ash’arism and Catholicism. His project is sponsored by Al-Azhar-U.K Scholarship. Mohammed has also recently been offered a post-doctoral research fellowship from the Centre of Islamic Studies at SOAS.

Previous Teaching:

  • Theology, Philosophy & Comparative Theology (2014/2016, Al-Azhar University, Cairo).
  • Arabic language classes (2016/2017, SOAS University of London).
  • Introduction to Islamic Texts (2017/2019, SOAS University of London).

PhD Research

Mohammed’s PhD at SOAS examines the possibility of salvation of the other from the perspective of the two most dominant theological denominations in Christianity and Islam: Catholicism and Ash’arism. The first part of the study deals with some early Catholic as well as early Ash’arite theologians, followed by a focused part on Augustine (d. 431) and Aquinas (d. 1274) as mediaeval Catholic theologians, together with two mediaeval Ash’arite theologians: al-Ghazālī (d. 1111) and al-Razi, showing their impact on the Ash’arite theologians to come. The third part is centred on modern Catholicism vis-à-vis modern Ash’arism, engaging particularly with Massignon (d. 1962) and Rahner (d. 1984), revealing their impact on Vatican II teachings on the salvation of the other, in tandem with modern Ash’arism, focused on Muhammad ‘Abduh (d. 1905), Mahmūd Shaltūt (d. 1963), and Abdel Halīm Mahmūd (d. 1978); showing their impact on al-Azhar as the official voice of Ash’arism today. The thesis delves into some major points of comparison between Islam and Christianity, such as: orthodoxy, orthopraxy, abrogation.


  1. 'Muhammad Abu Zahra's Muslim Theology of Religions', in the Religious Imaginations: How Narratives of Faith are Shaping Today's World (London: Gingko Library, December 2018).
  2. Between me and my atheist friend, Sua'al Foundation (Cairo, 2018).
  3. 'If one faith is true, does this mean all others are false?', in the Inter-religious Insights Journal (London: World Congress of Faith (WCF), December 2017). The winning script in the 2017 annual essay competition.
  4. In Every Challenge, there is an Opportunity (LSE Faith Centre Blogs, London, 2018).
  5. Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History 1500-1900, Minhat al-Qarib al-Mujib fi al-Radd 'ala Ubbad al-Salib (31129), by Abdul-‘Aziz b. al-Shaykh Hamad b. Nasir Al Mu'ammar. (Under publication: Brill).


  • Reading Salvation in the Islamic Tradition in light of the Christian Threefold Typology (NME, SOAS Post Graduate Conference, February 2017)
  • Religious Imaginations and Global Transitions: How narratives of faith are shaping today's world (LSE Faith centre, June 2017)
  • Oxford Muslim-Christian Summer School (University of Oxford, 16-23 August 2017)


  • Al-Azhar University, Egypt

  • British Council, Egypt



  • Comparative Religion
  • Comparative Theology
  • Theology of Religions
  • kalām
  • Philosophy of Religion
  • Islamic Political Theory