SOAS University of London

Department of History, School of History, Religions & Philosophies

The Recordings

Special characters (tsade and tet) are in Steve Tinney's Ungkam font, derived from's Gentium font. To display them correctly, download the font from The download is free. There are both a Mac Suitcase version and a Win/Linux OpenType version.

The Old Babylonian Period (c. 1900-1500 BCE)

Ammi-Ditana’s Hymn to Ishtar
The Codex Hammurabi
The Epic of Gilgamesh, Old Babylonian Version, Tablet II
The Epic of Gilgamesh, Old Babylonian Version, BM+VAT
The Epic of Anzû, Old Babylonian Version, Tablet II
Atra-Hasīs, Old Babylonian Version, Tablet I
Diviner's Prayer to the Gods of the Night
Incantation for Dog Bite
Letter of Marduk-nāṣir to Ruttum (AbB III 15)
Letter of Kurkurtum to Erīb-Sîn (AbB XII 89)

The First Millennium BC

The Epic of Gilgamesh, Standard Version, Tablet XI
The Babylonian Poem of the Righteous Sufferer (Ludlul bēl nēmeqi), Tablet II
The Babylonian Epic of Creation (Enūma elîš), Tablet I
Incantation for Tooth Worm
Ištar's Descent to the Netherworld
The Šamaš Hymn